8It is located on the Iberian Peninsula. Where is it located?Spain is in Europe.It is located on the Iberian Peninsula.What is a peninsula?What other country shares the Iberian Peninsula?Which country is to the east of Spain?
9In Spanish, we call them españoles. What do we call people from Spain?Spaniards.In Spanish, we call them españoles.
10A monarchy (king and queen). What type of government did Spain historically have?A monarchy (king and queen).
11King Fernando and Queen Isabel are famous monarchs of the past. They united Spain into the nation that it is now (previously it was separate smaller states).What else areFernando andIsabel famousfor?
12Christopher Columbus. They commissioned Columbus was not a Spaniard, he was Italian by birthand lived in Portugal.Why did Columbuswant to go west?
13They commissioned Christopher Columbus. Columbus was not a Spaniard,he was Italian by birth and lived in Portugal.Why did Columbuswant to go west?To go to the Indies forspices. Spices were aluxury at the time andwere wanted to preservefood or make spoiledfoods taste better.
14A parliamentary monarchy What type of government does Spain have today?A parliamentary monarchyWhat does that mean?
15Current King and QueenRey Juan Carlos IReina Sofia
18Legislative BranchSenate – 259 personsCongress of Deputies – 350 persons
19mean when I call someone What does itmean when I call someoneHispanic?
20CINCO MINUTOS Where is Spain located? Who were King Fernando and Queen Isabel?What type of government does Spain have now?
21HispanicThey grew up speaking Spanish (it’s their first language) and their parents speak Spanish, too.It does not matter if they grew in a Spanish speaking country or not.
22Latin AmericanAnyone whose heritage is from the New World (North America, Central America, Caribbean, South America)and they speak Spanish.A person from Spain is Hispanicbut not Latin American.Who is a Mexican?Who is a Spaniard?
37La Ciudad de México D.F. (México D.F.) D.F. stands for “Distrito Federal” (federal district)La Ciudad de Mexico is the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.Current President of Mexico: Felipe Calderon
38What do all of these names have in common? San SalvadorEl SalvadorSan JoséSan Juan
39What do all of these names have in common? They are all Christian names.San Salvador – Saint SaviorEl Salvador – the SaviorSan José – Saint JosephSan Juan – Saint JohnWhy are there so many Christian-named places in Latin America?
40What do all of these names have in common? They are all Christian names.San Salvador – Saint SaviorEl Salvador – the SaviorSan José – Saint JosephSan Juan – Saint JohnSanto Domingo – Holy SundayWhy are there so many Christian-named places in Latin America? The Spaniards brought Roman Catholicism to the New World and its influence is very prevalent today.
41CubaHow is Cuba different than all other Spanish-speaking countries?
42Cuba How is Cuba different than all other Spanish-speaking countries? It is the only Communist country.Its leader is Fidel Castro.He has been president since January 1, 1959.Why has he been in the news so much recently?
43La HispañolaThe name of the island shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
44Puerto RicoHow are Puerto Rico and Los Estados Unidos de América related to each other?
45Puerto RicoHow are Puerto Rico and Los Estados Unidos de América related to each other?Puerto Rico is a territory, or a “self-governing commonwealth” of the United States.What does that mean?
46Puerto Rico Puerto Ricans are US citizens. They do NOT pay US taxes and have NO vote for president or Congress.They control their own internal affairs and have their own governor, but international affairs are handled by the US government.You can travel to Puerto Rico without a passport!
54One last thing…The compass rose in Spanishnorteoesteestesur
55Canción http://www.audiomemory.com/geography.php "Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica too - These are the countries of Central America - Caribbean on the east, Pacific on the west."
56MAP INSTRUCTIONS:-COLOR and LABELall 10 Spanish-speaking countries.4 bodies of waterLos Estados Unidos de América-On the BACK of your map,NEATLY make three headingsAmérica del NorteAmérica CentralEl Caribeand under each heading list the COUNTRIES that are in that region and their CAPITALS.ALL NAMES ON THE MAP SHOULD BE IN SPANISH AND WRITTEN NEATLY.
57La América del Sur Venezuela Colombia Ecuador Perú Bolivia Paraguay UruguayChileLa Argentina
59Hugo ChavezVenezuelans are split between a majority who says he speaks for the poor, and those who say he has become increasingly autocratic.Very open critic of the USControversy with oil: seizing private refineries and uses it as “political leverage” with other countriesHas been accused of moving towards an authoritarian government like that of Cuba—has close ties to countries like Cuba, Iraq, Iran, and China.
60ColombiaBogotáColombia has substantial oil reserves and is a major producer of gold, silver, emeralds, platinum and coal. But it has also been ravaged by a decades-long violent conflict involving outlawed armed groups, drug cartels and gross violations of human rights.
61Ecuador Quito Also, “Ecuador” means equator. Ecuador is a patchwork of indigenous communities, including people of colonial Spanish origins and the descendants of African slaves.Its capital, Quito, once a part of the Inca empire, has some of the best-preserved early colonial architecture on the continent.Also, “Ecuador” means equator.
62(El) PerúLimaPeru's rich and varied heritage includes the ancient Incan capital of Cuzco and the lost city of Machu Picchu. The country boasts spectacular scenery, including Lake Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake.It is rich in copper, silver, lead, zinc, oil and gold. Despite this, Peru's progress has been held back by corruption and the failure of successive governments to deal with social and economic inequality.
63Machu Picchu – One of the seven wonders of the world?
64BoliviaLa Paz (Sucre)A country of statistical extremes, landlocked Bolivia is the highest and most isolated country in South America.It has the largest proportion of indigenous people, who make up around two-thirds of the population, and is the world's largest producer of tin.
65Why two capital cities?Sucre is home to the judicial branch of the government.La Paz is home to the president and congress.Sucre was the historical capital, but when the tin mining business started booming near La Paz, the bosses of the mining companies wanted the government moved near them.Hence, there are two capitals.
66Paraguay Asunción (means assumption) Up to 95% of Paraguayans are mestizos, people of mixed Spanish and native American descent. Many speak the language of the indigenous Guarani; the rest are bilingual or only speak Spanish. There is a Japanese community, a legacy of post World War II migration. With few mineral resources, Paraguay's economy revolves around agriculture.
67UruguayMontevideoUruguay has traditionally been better off than many other countries in South America, and is known for its advanced education and social security systems and liberal laws governing social issues such as divorce. It was among the first nations in Latin America to establish a welfare state, maintained through relatively high taxes on industry.
68ChileSantiagoChile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations. It has been relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that have blighted the continent. The exception was the 17-year rule of General Augusto Pinochet, whose 1973 coup was one of the bloodiest in 20th-century Latin America and whose dictatorship left more than 3,000 people dead and missing.
69La Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina stretches 4,000 km from its sub-tropical north to the sub-antarctic south. Its terrain includes part of the Andes mountain range, swamps, the plains of the Pampas and a long coastline. Its people have had to struggle with military dictatorship, a lost war over the Falkland Islands, and severe economic difficulties.
75You also need to know where these are… Tierra del FuegoIslas GalápagosEl Río AmazonasLa Cordillera de los AndesLas Islas MalavinasAnd remember the languages that are spoken in the 4 non-Spanish-speaking countries:Brasil = portuguésGuyana = inglésSurinam = danésGuyana francesa = francés(Know where these are and the “lenguas” that they speak)
76Your HOMEWORK for tonight: -Make sure that your South America map is COLORED and LABELED with all of the countries (including those that don’t speak Spanish).Be sure to include:Tierra del FuegoIslas GalápagosEl Río AmazonasLa Cordillera de los AndesOn the BACK of your map,(1) NEATLY list (in Spanish) all of the countries in one column and their capitals in the column next to them.(2) NEATLY make another section that lists the four other countries. Call this section “No son hispanos” and put next to each name the Spanish name for the language spoken there.