Facts About Worklife The typical American may spend between 80,000 and 100,000 hours in a lifetime performing work-related duties. OUCH! Our personal identity is very closely tied to our work. Job satisfaction affects quality of life in and out of the workplace
Considering the number of hours we spend at work, how closely our careers are tied to our identity, and how work affects our personal life, achieving good job-fit is very important.
Knowing Yourself In order to know whether or not a job or a volunteer activity suits you, you must know yourself. Learning about your personality type is a great way to learn more about you.
What is Personality? A set of personal characteristics that explain why people do what they do. We consider personality when trying to understand ourselves and others. Everyone (at varying times) can be like all other people, like some other people, and like no other person.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) A personality assessment developed by mother-daughter team, Katharine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers in the 1940s Based on Carl Jungs theory of personality type that was introduced in the 1920s Very popularover 2 million people take the MBTI every year
But I didnt take the MBTI! The assessment you took was free and easy to administer for the purpose of todays retreat. If, at some point, you would like to take the actual MBTI, contact Career Services.
Not just for Career Choice In addition to career development, awareness of personality type and the use of the MBTI can enrich our knowledge about the following aspects of our lives: Learning Providing professional service through work Personal relationships Personal growth
The MBTI Preferences The MBTI assesses participants on 4 sets of preferences. There are 8 preferences, combining to make 16 personality types. The names of the 8 preferences have a meaning in psychology that is different from the way they are used in everyday language. Judging does not mean judgmental and Thinking does not imply that someone is more intelligent.
Breaking Down the Preferences Where do you direct your attention and where do you get your energy? Extraversion Introversion Prefers to get energy from active involvement in events and having a lot of different activities. Gets excited when around people and likes to energize others. Enjoys moving into action and making things happen. Generally feels at home in the world. Often understands a problem better when he or she can talk out loud about it and hear what others have to say. Prefers getting energy from dealing with the ideas, pictures, memories, and reactions that are inside ones head, in ones inner world. Often prefers doing things alone or with one or two people with whom one feels comfortable. Takes time to reflect before acting or saying something. Sometimes likes the idea of something better than the real thing. Descriptions from
Breaking Down the Preferences How do you intake and process information? Sensing iNtuition Prefers to focus attention on physical reality, what one sees, hears, touches, tastes, and smells. Concerned with what is actual, present, current, and real. Notices facts and remembers details that one thinks are important. Likes to see the practical use of things and learns best when sees how to use what one is learning. Experience speaks louder than words. Prefers to focus attention on impressions or the meaning and patterns of the information one receives. Would rather learn by thinking a problem through than by hands-on experience. Interested in new things and what might be possible. Thinks more about the future than the past. Enjoys working with symbols or abstract theories, even if it is not known how one will use them. Remembers events more as an impression of what it was like than as actual facts or details of what happened. Descriptions from
Breaking Down the Preferences How do you make decisions? Thinking Feeling Prefers to find the basic truth or principle to be applied when making a decision, regardless of the specific situation involved. Likes to analyze pros and cons, and then be consistent and logical in deciding. Tries to be impersonal, so one wont let personal wishes--or other peoples wishes influence him or her. Believes one makes best decisions by weighing what people care about and the points-of-view of persons involved in a situation. Concerned with values and what is the best for the people involved. Likes to do whatever will establish or maintain harmony. In relationships, one tries to appear caring, warm, and tactful. Descriptions from
Breaking Down the Preferences What environments / lifestyle do you prefer? Judging Perceiving Prefers a planned or orderly way of life and likes to have things settled and organized. Feels more comfortable when decisions are made and likes to bring life under control as much as possible. People who prefer judging lifestyles like to tie-up loose ends and have closure. Prefers a flexible and spontaneous way of life, and likes to understand and adapt to the world rather than organize it. Others see Perceivers staying open to new experiences and information. People who prefer perceiving environments feel uncomfortable when things are set it in stone. They enjoy starting projects but might not always finish them. Descriptions from
Your Type The four preferences in which you scored highest work together to create your personality type ESTJ ESTP ESFJ ESFP ENTJ ENTP ENFJ ENFP ISTJ ISTP ISFJ ISFP INTJ INTP INFJ INFP
What is Your Type? Look at your scores Do you agree with all four preferences? Does your current job fit your type? What about volunteer programs in which you are involved? How about your academic program? Are your scores clear, moderate, or slight?
Remember We all must change our personality a little to make it through our daily lives… But! When you work in a job that requires you to change your personality too much or too often, that is when that job becomes dissatisfying. Dropping your personality at the door is no way to spend your worklife.
Leadership & Personality Lets take a look at how personality type and leadership styles might intermingle. There are many different types of leaders. Some styles do not reflect what many think of as traditional leadership. See this example from the Strong Interest Inventory
Leadership Styles Different sets and theories regarding leadership styles abound. Lets focus on this simple collection. Directive Leadership Achievement-oriented Leadership Participative Leadership Supportive Leadership
Leadership Styles Directive- Leaders who use a Directive style tell subordinates what to do, how to do it and when. Achievement-oriented- Leaders who use an Achievement-oriented style favor setting challenging goals. They care about excellence and performance levels, and motivate others by demonstrating confidence in others ability to achieve. Participative- Leaders who use a Participative style prefer to confer with subordinates before making decisions. Supportive- Leaders who use a Supportive style are most concerned with the well-being of subordinates and maintaining a friendly work environment.
Trash or Treasure? What are the pros and cons of the leadership style you typically use? Does your style work for everyone? Do you think you should have to change your leadership style when working with different individuals?
Making the Connection Think about your personality type. Can you see a connection of why you prefer to lead the way you do related to your type? Think about this. How would an ESTJ probably prefer to lead others? How would an INFP go about leading people?
Quiz Time! INFP ESTJ ISFP ESFJ Draw a line to match personality types to the likely favorite leadership style Directive Achievement-oriented Participatory Supportive
Next Steps To further discuss and explore how personality type and leadership style affect your professional and career development, contact Career Services