Presentation on theme: "This lamb and wool quiz was designed to aid youth in the preparation for the Lamb Lead contest. It does not include all the information from the Lamb Lead."— Presentation transcript:
This lamb and wool quiz was designed to aid youth in the preparation for the Lamb Lead contest. It does not include all the information from the Lamb Lead Information packet. Lamb and Wool Quiz
History of Wool Primative Man, about 10,000 years ago, used sheep for three basic needs: Food, Shelter and Clothing
History of Wool Where was one of the first wool manufacturing plants established in 50AD ? Winchester, England
History of Wool Spain's thriving wool trade helped finance whose voyages? Christopher Columbus & the Conquistadors
History of Wool Until 1786, it was against the law to export sheep from Spain, the penalty for doing so was? Death
History of Wool In 1377, England's King Edward III was known as? the royal wool merchant
History of Wool By 1660 wool textile exports were 2/3 of what country's foreign commerce? England
History of Wool Columbus brought sheep to what countries on his 2 nd voyage in 1493? Cuba & Santo Domingo
History of Wool Cortez took sheep during his exporation of what areas? Mexico and the Southwest United States
History of Wool What state passed a law requiring young people to weave and spin wool? Massachusetts
History of Wool Spinning duties fell to what member of the family? The oldest unmarried daughter, that is where the term Spinster comes from
History of Wool Spun yarn was wound on reels called what? It made a popping sound when it reached a specific yardage which led to a children's rhyme. The reel was called a Weasel The childrens rhyme is Pop goes the Weasel
History of Wool King George III of England made trading wool with whom a punishable offense? The Colonies (what is now the United States)
History of Wool What 2 Presidents had flocks of sheep and were both inaugurated in wool suits? George Washington & Thomas Jefferson
History of Wool What 3 new inventions aided in the growth of the wool industry? Spinning Jenny Combing Machines Water-Powered Looms
History of Wool At the turn of the 18 th century, small flocks owned by pioneers helped start the sheep and wool industries in what 3 countries? Australia New Zealand South America
Wool fibers are shaped like what? (This makes wool very elastic) Coils or Springs Characteristics of Wool
When wet wool can be stretch up to what percent and still bounce back into shape? 50% But be careful, wet wool fibers are weaker. Recovery takes place faster a in humid environment
Characteristics of Wool When dry wool can be stretch up to what percent and still bounce back into shape? 30%
Characteristics of Wool The natural elasticity of wool makes woolen fabrics resistant to what? Tearing
Characteristics of Wool Wool can easily absorb up to what percent of it's weight without feeling damp or clammy? 30%
Characteristics of Wool The ability to absorb moisture allows wool to be a good fabric in both warm and cold temperatures, True or False True. Wool acts as a temperature regulator by absorbing perspiration. In cold weather, this keeps a layer of dry air close to the body keeping it warm. In hot weather, wool aids in the evaporation of perspiration helping the body to cool.
Characteristics of Wool Wool fabric accepts both acid and basic dyes which means wool is what? Amphoteric
Characteristics of Wool Dyes penetrate into the ________ _________ core of the wool fiber where a chemical reaction occurs making the color change permanent. Inner Medulla
Characteristics of Wool Wool contains moisture in each fiber this makes it naturally what? Flame Resistant Wool is also self extinguishing and that is why wool blanket are recommended for use in extinguishing small fires.
Characteristics of Wool Wool is like human hair in that it grows from follicles and is make up of ____________? Keratin-type Protein
Care of Wool How much rest should be given between wearings of wool garments? 24 Hours Wool fibers will shed wrinkles and return to their original shape.
Care of Wool Woven wool garment should be hung on what? Padded or shaped hangers
Care of Wool How should you store knitted woolen garments? Gently folded in a drawer
Care of Wool How should you remove surface oil from wool? By brushing
Care of Wool What should you do to refresh wool garments that have been stored away? Unpack and hang in a steamy bathroom. Moisture from the steam will help remove wrinkles.
Care of Wool What should you do if wool gets wet? Dry the garment at room temperature away from heat.
Care of Wool How should wool garments be ironed? Always use steam & use a wool setting(if available). Avoid pressing wool totally dry. Iron from the reverse side and use a press cloth when possible. Lower & lift iron, dont slide it back and forth.
Care of Wool Before you wash a wool knit garment you should? Trace the shape of the garment onto paper. Once the garment is washed pin into traced shape to dry.
Care of Wool When hand washing wool what type of water and detergent should you use? Water should be lukewarm or cold. Wash with a mild soap or liquid detergent without bleach.
Care of Wool When hand washing wool how long should a garment be soaked? 3 to 5 minutes, then gently squeeze suds from garment without twisting or wringing.
Care of Wool When hand washing wool garments how should you rinse them? They should be rinsed twice in the same temperature water as it was washed in. (cold or lukewarm)
Care of Wool When hand washing wool garments how should you dry them? Gently squeeze out excess water and roll the garment in a dry towel. Lay flat and smooth to the original shape. Dry away from sunlight and direct heat.
Care of Wool What is the best way to clean wool garments? By following the label care guidelines. If the label indicates dry cleaning, use a reliable dry cleaner and be sure to point out any spots or stains that may need special attention.
American Lamb In reference to meat, how is lamb defined? Meat from a sheep that is less than 1 year old.
American Lamb In reference to meat, how is mutton defined? Meat from a sheep that is 1 year old or older.
American Lamb What are 80% of the sheep in the U.S. raised for? They are raised for meat. 80% of the sheep in Australia are raised for wool production
This concludes the lamb and wool quiz. More information can be found in the Lamb Lead Information packet found at http://oces.okstate.edu/pontotoc/4-h/activities-events. Lamb and Wool Quiz