How did European contact with Africa increase in the late 1800s
Colonization The Europeans began annexing areas of Africa to become their colonies and taking control of the resources.
How did King Leopold II set off a scramble for colonies in Africa?
Jealousy Leopold claimed Congo for his own. Other European countries saw this and scrambled to grab colonies where they could.
How did Ethiopians resist imperialism?
Geography The Europeans were able to resist the imperialism because they were surrounded by mountains, which enabled them to remain independent.
How did the Qing respond to Britains diplomatic mission?
Opium Wars and Rebellions When the Chinese refused to let Britain sell opium in China the British went to war and made the Chinese sign the TREATY OF NANJING and other countries followed suit and made them sign UNEQUAL TREATIES. The TAIPING REBELLION and the BOXER REBELLION were examples of uprisings against the Europeans China was divided up into SPHERES OF INFLUENCES
What are the reasons for the Open Door Policy in China?
Greed!!! The OPEN DOOR POLICY happened because the US wanted to trade with China and there were no available SPHERES OF INFLUENCES.
How did nationalism and democracy influence national revolutions?
Latin American countries were encouraged by the Enlightenment ideas of equality and democratic ideals. They were spurred on by the French and American Revolutions.
How did Germany and Japan become and industrial giant?
Germany had been very industrialized, but fragmented. OTTO VON BISMARCK is the man who united Germany and created the modern German nation. Japan changed out of fear when Commodore Matthew Perry showed up with gun ships. The Japanese wanted to avoid imperialism, so they studied European countries and selectively borrowed ideas and technology to become intensively industrialized.
How and why did World War I begin?
MANIA MILITARISM ALLIANCE SYSTEM NATIONALISM IMPERIALISTIC RIVALRIES ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND
What were the major events of the war?
Technological advance Trench warfare Chemical weapons America entry into the war Social changes/role of women
Identify and compare political boundaries before and after WW I.
Describe the results from fighting on the western and eastern fronts.
TRENCH WARFARE Not mobile Many people dying
What impact did the Zimmerman note and unrestricted submarine warfare have on the United States entering the war?
What were the outcomes and global effects of World War I?
Fourteen Points League of Nations Retaliatory provisions
What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Germany lost- punished by treaty of Versailles- forced to accept blame for the war- Had to pay reparations!! Austria-Hungary- divided France- given back Alsace and Lorraine
Why was Bloody Sunday a turning point for the Russians?
Bloody Sunday was the day Russian troops fired on unarmed Russian protestors. This showed the governments willingness to stop rebellion at any cost.
Why did Russia erupt in revolution while fighting in World War I?
Average Russians had little invested in the war Starvation High Unemployment No rights and freedoms
How did communism rise in Russia ?
Petrograd Soviet Unemployed starving, over crowded cities V.I. Lenin
How did Lenins policies change economic and social life in Russia?
What were Stalins goals for the U.S.S.R., and how did he achieve them?
Increase industrial output and modernize agriculture 5 year plans Forced collectivization
How did these regimes affect the world after World War I?
Spread of Fascism Total control of their countries
How did postwar disillusionment contribute to Mussolinis rise?
Italy was dissed at the Treaty of Versailles High unemployment
How did the Fascist party transform Italys government and economy?
Totalitarianism Nationalized industries
What political and economic problems did the Weimar Republic face?
Hyper inflation Unemployment French Soldiers stationed in Germany Limited Army and Navy Distrust from Commoners
Describe the Nazi partys ideology and Hitlers plans for ruling Germany.
Germans are a master race All is done for the benefit of the country and the race Blame the Jews for all of Germanys problems
What changes did militarists make when they came to power?
What role did geography play in Japans desire to expand its empire?
Japan had limited resources Expanded on islands in the Pacific, Korea, China and S. E. Asia
World War II
Describe the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire.
What convinced Britain and France to end their policy of appeasement? Why?
Invasion of Poland Invasion of France
Which regions fell under Axis rule between 1939 and 1941?
France Poland Czechoslavakia North Africa S.E. Asia Norway, Sweden
What were the causes of World War II?
Why did the United States enter the war?
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
What were the major events and turning points of World War II?
Battle of Britain D-Day Fall of Italy Midway Bombing of Tokyo
Who were the major leaders of World War II?
Winston Churchill Franklin D. Roosevelt Josef Stalin Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideko Tojo
Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic bomb?
Save U.S. soldiers lives End war quicker
Why do you think that an event as horrifying as the Holocaust was able to occur?
What were the long-term effects of World War II?
What was the war crimes trial?
Germans and Japanese were tried in the UN international court for crimes against humanity.
.What events led to the Cold War?
Yalta Conference Iron Curtain Speech Dividing up Germany
What factors discouraged the use of nuclear weapons during the Cold War?
How did the U.S. and the Soviet Union confront each other around the world during the Cold War?
Proxy Wars Ex- Korea Vietnam Greece and Turkey- Marshall Plan Containment
What were the main successes and failures of the Chinese Communist Revolution?
Chinese Revolution Chinese Civil War Mao Zedong Great Leap Forward Cultural Revolution Emergence of the Peoples Democratic Movements Tiananmen Square Republic of China and Taiwan
How did the Cold War influence conflicts in Eastern Asia after World War II?
Korea- North Communist/ South U.S. Vietnam
What was the policy of containment?
Contain communism in the areas which it is already. Keep it from spreading.
How did the domino theory lead the United States to send troops to Vietnam?
The idea that if one country goes communist, others will follow suit. Vietnam, Laos Cambodia
How did communist Vietnam dominate parts of Southeast Asia after the Vietnam War?
Saigon falls Created one vietnam under Communist rule Pol Pot in Cambodia Khmer Rouge
What were the causes and consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union
Causes for the decline of Communist regimes Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev Perestroika Glasnost Poland Solidarity Movement Romania Germany Fall of the Berlin Wall Reunification of Germany New independent countries formed from the Soviet Union
What were the international cooperative organizations created after World War II?
The United Nations North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO South East Asian Treaty Organization SEATO The Warsaw Pact