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Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies?

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Presentation on theme: "Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies?"— Presentation transcript:


2 Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies?

3 Economic- Resources Economic- Raw Materials Social- Christianizing Political- gain an advantage over rivals Political- Benefit the country with markets to trade

4 What were some responses of colonized peoples to European imperialism?

5 Some Africans fought back against the Europeans: Maji Maji Rebellions, Ethiopians
Some Africans worked slower and ran away. Some Africans tried diplomacy to no avail

6 How did imperialist European powers claim control over most of Africa by the end of the 1800s?

7 Technology!!! Weapons- examples……. Transportation…….. Communication……

8 How did European contact with Africa increase in the late 1800s

9 Colonization The Europeans began annexing areas of Africa to become their colonies and taking control of the resources.

10 How did King Leopold II set off a scramble for colonies in Africa?

11 Jealousy Leopold claimed Congo for his own. Other European countries saw this and scrambled to grab colonies where they could.

12 How did Ethiopians resist imperialism?

13 Geography The Europeans were able to resist the imperialism because they were surrounded by mountains, which enabled them to remain independent.

14 How did the Qing respond to Britain’s diplomatic mission?

15 Opium Wars and Rebellions
When the Chinese refused to let Britain sell opium in China the British went to war and made the Chinese sign the TREATY OF NANJING and other countries followed suit and made them sign UNEQUAL TREATIES. The TAIPING REBELLION and the BOXER REBELLION were examples of uprisings against the Europeans China was divided up into SPHERES OF INFLUENCES

16 What are the reasons for the Open Door Policy in China?

17 Greed!!! The OPEN DOOR POLICY happened because the US wanted to trade with China and there were no available SPHERES OF INFLUENCES.

18 How did nationalism and democracy influence national revolutions?

19 Latin American countries were encouraged by the Enlightenment ideas of equality and democratic ideals. They were spurred on by the French and American Revolutions.

20 How did Germany and Japan become and industrial giant?

21 Germany had been very industrialized, but fragmented
Germany had been very industrialized, but fragmented. OTTO VON BISMARCK is the man who united Germany and created the modern German nation. Japan changed out of fear when Commodore Matthew Perry showed up with gun ships. The Japanese wanted to avoid imperialism, so they studied European countries and selectively borrowed ideas and technology to become intensively industrialized.

22 How and why did World War I begin?


24 What were the major events of the war?

25 Technological advance
Trench warfare Chemical weapons America entry into the war Social changes/role of women

26 Identify and compare political boundaries before and after WW I.


28 Describe the results from fighting on the western and eastern fronts.

29 TRENCH WARFARE Not mobile Many people dying

30 What impact did the Zimmerman note and unrestricted submarine warfare have on the United States entering the war?

31 What were the outcomes and global effects of World War I?

32 Fourteen Points League of Nations Retaliatory provisions

33 What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?

34 Germany lost- punished by treaty of Versailles- forced to accept blame for the war- Had to pay reparations!! Austria-Hungary- divided France- given back Alsace and Lorraine

35 Russian Revolution!

36 Why was Bloody Sunday a turning point for the Russians?

37 Bloody Sunday was the day Russian troops fired on unarmed Russian protestors.
This showed the governments willingness to stop rebellion at any cost.

38 Why did Russia erupt in revolution while fighting in World War I?

39 Average Russians had little invested in the war
Starvation High Unemployment No rights and freedoms

40 How did communism rise in Russia

41 Petrograd Soviet Unemployed starving, over crowded cities V.I. Lenin

42 How did Lenin’s policies change economic and social life in Russia?

43 Totalitarians

44 What were Stalin’s goals for the U. S. S. R
What were Stalin’s goals for the U.S.S.R., and how did he achieve them?

45 Increase industrial output and modernize agriculture
5 year plans Forced collectivization

46 How did these regimes affect the world after World War I?

47 Spread of Fascism Total control of their countries

48 How did postwar disillusionment contribute to Mussolini’s rise?

49 Italy was dissed at the Treaty of Versailles
High unemployment

50 How did the Fascist party transform Italy’s government and economy?

51 Totalitarianism Nationalized industries

52 What political and economic problems did the Weimar Republic face?

53 Hyper inflation Unemployment French Soldiers stationed in Germany Limited Army and Navy Distrust from Commoners

54 Describe the Nazi party’s ideology and Hitler’s plans for ruling Germany.

55 Germans are a master race
All is done for the benefit of the country and the race Blame the Jews for all of Germany’s problems

56 What changes did militarists make when they came to power?

57 What role did geography play in Japan’s desire to expand its empire?

58 Japan had limited resources
Expanded on islands in the Pacific, Korea, China and S. E. Asia

59 World War II

60 Describe the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire.

61 What convinced Britain and France to end their policy of appeasement
What convinced Britain and France to end their policy of appeasement? Why?

62 Invasion of Poland Invasion of France

63 Which regions fell under Axis rule between 1939 and 1941?

64 France Poland Czechoslavakia North Africa S.E. Asia Norway, Sweden

65 What were the causes of World War II?

66 Why did the United States enter the war?

67 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

68 What were the major events and turning points of World War II?

69 Battle of Britain D-Day Fall of Italy Midway Bombing of Tokyo

70 Who were the major leaders of World War II?

71 Winston Churchill Franklin D. Roosevelt Josef Stalin Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideko Tojo

72 Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic bomb?

73 Save U.S. soldiers lives End war quicker

74 Why do you think that an event as horrifying as the Holocaust was able to occur?

75 What were the long-term effects of World War II?

76 What was the war crimes trial?

77 Germans and Japanese were tried in the UN international court for crimes against humanity.

78 Cold War

79 . What events led to the Cold War?

80 Yalta Conference Iron Curtain Speech Dividing up Germany

81 What factors discouraged the use of nuclear weapons during the Cold War?

82 How did the U.S. and the Soviet Union confront each other around the world during the Cold War?

83 Proxy Wars Ex- Korea Vietnam Greece and Turkey- Marshall Plan Containment

84 What were the main successes and failures of the Chinese Communist Revolution?

85 Chinese Revolution Chinese Civil War Mao Zedong Great Leap Forward Cultural Revolution Emergence of the Peoples Democratic Movements Tiananmen Square Republic of China and Taiwan

86 How did the Cold War influence conflicts in Eastern Asia after World War II?

87 Korea- North Communist/ South U.S.

88 What was the policy of containment?

89 Contain communism in the areas which it is already.
Keep it from spreading.

90 How did the domino theory lead the United States to send troops to Vietnam?

91 The idea that if one country goes communist, others will follow suit.
Vietnam, Laos Cambodia

92 How did communist Vietnam dominate parts of Southeast Asia after the Vietnam War?

93 Saigon falls Created one vietnam under Communist rule Pol Pot in Cambodia Khmer Rouge

94 What were the causes and consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union

95 Causes for the decline of Communist regimes
Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev Perestroika Glasnost Poland Solidarity Movement Romania Germany Fall of the Berlin Wall Reunification of Germany New independent countries formed from the Soviet Union

96 What were the international cooperative organizations created after World War II?  

97 The United Nations North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO South East Asian Treaty Organization SEATO The Warsaw Pact

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