Presentation on theme: "A Step-by-Step Guide to Building your Career"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Step-by-Step Guide to Building your Career Brought to you by Career and Employment ServicesSchenectady County Community College222 Elston Hall(518)
2 Table of ContentsCareer Development Theories and it’s Impact on Education and Career ChoicesGetting to Know YourselfCareer ExplorationGetting to Your DestinationBecoming a “Professional”NetworkingWritten CommunicationSearching for OpportunitiesThe InterviewKeeping the Job
3 “The road to success is always under construction” ~Lily Tomlin
4 Career Development: A lifelong process Although there are many theories on Career Development and how different factors impact our decisions regarding career and education, most will agree that the overall goal of career counseling and planning is to work toward a career goal that you will get some sort of satisfaction from. At this point in life, most of us have some idea of the things we are good at, the things we enjoy, and the type of environment we like to be in. We seek these out and continue to develop not only our personal identities, but our “work identities” as well. The work environments that will suit us the best are those that intertwine the two and allow us to develop personally and professionally. Therefore, it is important for us to know how our identities will impact our reaction to our environments.
5 “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom” ~Aristotle
6 It is important to gain a personal understanding of yourself and how you respond to the world around you. Take time touncover your personal traits, strengths, motivators,values, needs, skills and wants.Click on topics below for worksheets and links to help youget to know yourself.What do you like to do?What are your skills?How do they relate to one another?A fun link to help you determine your personality and how it relates to different careers.
7 Learning About Yourself-Part 1 Make a list of 10 memorable experiences that have made a difference in your life.What did you learn from thoseexperiences?How were you involved; what impactdid you have on the experiences?How did those experiences influencefuture decisions?
8 Learning About Yourself-Part 2 Now make a list of your personal talents, knowledge, and experience.Specialized Training/Education?Knowledge gained from personalexperiences or self teachings?Expectations others have for you orthat you place on yourself?Skills you enjoy using duringemployment or community service?
9 Learning About Yourself-Part 3 Now write down your thoughts about how theexperiences you’ve encountered, along with the talents you possess could relate to new opportunities you would like to explore.For example, you’ve always enjoyed and excelled in sports. You also notice that family and friends tend to come to you to help resolve conflicts.How could these two talents be combined and applied in the future?
10 To make an appointment for Career Counseling Formal AssessmentIf you are still unclear about which career path is for you, aformal assessment may help. The following assessment toolsare available in Career and Employment Services:DISCOVER- A computerized program which will help you to assess your interests, values and skills.Myers-Briggs Type Indicator- An assessment which will help you to learn how your personality type relates to different careers.StrengthsQuest-An assessment to help determine your strengths and how they relate to building your career.To make an appointment for Career Counselingcall(518)
11 “If we are facing in the right direction, all we have to do is keep on walking” ~Buddhist Proverb
12 ResearchNow that you have identified your core talents, values, skills and motivations, you can begin to gather information on career paths that fit with your qualities.OnetOccupational Outlook handbookBureau of Labor StatisticsSCCC Career GuidesNetwork with professionals in the fields that interest youIdentify Alumni and Professionals through Career OfficePerform informational interviews and attend career related events
13 “You can’t cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water” ~Rabindranath Tagore
14 Do you need additional education or training? Talk to a Transfer CounselorDo you need additional experience?Internships and volunteer work can help to provide you with relevant experience and training that many employers are looking for.Do you need access to additional resources for special circumstances and diverse populations.Information for persons with disabilitiesInformation on nontraditional careersInformation for veteransInformation for diverse populationsInformation for ex-offendersWant to meet with a Career Professional? Stop by Elston Hall, Room 223 or Call for an appointment.
15 Additional Resources for Persons With Disabilities ADA Transition Services at Schenectady County Community CollegeTRIO55b and c New York State and Local Civil Service Employment InformationWorkforce Recruitment Program (for students with disabilities)American’s with Disabilities ActVESID
16 Nontraditional Careers InformationReasons to ConsiderA Nontraditional CareerNontraditional Programs at SCCCLinks for Nontraditional Careers
17 What is a Nontraditional Career? A nontraditional career is one in which there is a gender imbalance (where less than 25% of the workers are either males or females). For example, in New York State, men are less than 25% of registered nurses; women are less than 25% of police.Career choice is significantly influenced by tradition and the way we have been socialized; therefore, men and women are often unaware of the variety of alternatives that are available to them.The purpose of identifying nontraditional options is to foster interest in and access to these careers with the goal of opening up these professions to the under-represented gender.
18 Why Consider a Nontraditional Career? Interesting and rewarding employment opportunities Higher wages and better benefits Opportunities for advancement Increased job satisfactionFor additional information or to schedule an appointment to speak with Nontraditional Staff, please contact:Margaret Anne Williams, Nontraditional Student CounselorStudent Development Center-Elston 223(518)Dawn Jones, Nontraditional Career SpecialistStudent Development Center, Elston 223(518)
19 Programs That Lead to Nontraditional Careers WomenMenAviation Science Business Administration Computer Support Technology Criminal Justice Culinary Arts Nanoscale Materials Technology Emergency Management Fire Protection Music BusinessAccounting Early Childhood Education Nursing* Paralegal *In conjunction with Ellis Hospital
20 Links for Nontraditional Careers National Alliance for Partnership in Equity-http://www.napequity.org/National Institute for Women in Trades, Technology, & Science (policing included)-http://www.iwitts.com/Nontraditional Careers for Women-http://www.iseek.org/sv/10112.jspUS Department of Labor, Women’s Bureau-http://www.dol.gov/wb/New York State Project for Nontraditional Employment and Training-http://www.albany.edu/nontraditionalcareersWomen Tech World e-mentoring-http://www.womentechworld.org/ementoring.htmWomen Work!-http://www.womenwork.orgThe American Assembly for Men in Nursing-http://www.aamn.org/iseek-Nontraditional Careers for Men-http://www.iseek.org/sv/10114.jsp
21 Resources for Diverse Populations Quintessential CareersRiley Guide
22 “Do not follow where the path may lead “Do not follow where the path may lead. Go, instead, where there is no path and leave a trail.”~Ralph Waldo Emerson
23 The best way to begin establishing a professional Become InvolvedThe best way to begin establishing a professionalhistory is to become actively involved in activities that connect you to other individuals who are working in or interested in the field you wish to pursue.Join campus clubs, professional organizations, social groups, charities, on-line groups, and attend regional networking events.This includes becoming actively involved in your courses by going to class, completing assignments on time, being prepared, engaging in class discussions, and following up with teachers when absent.
24 “Character is much easier kept than recovered. ” ~Thomas Paine
25 Your Digital Footprint: What it Says About You What is a digital footprint you ask?Simply put, it is the information that you post on the internet and is stored by others in databases that can be accessed by the public or selected authorities.Those pictures or comments from you or your friends on Facebook, Myspace, Twitter, Linkedin, etc.Blogging, text messaging, ing, downloads, videos and picture uploadsYour credit historyYour driving recordPrevious convictions or public arrest noticesLetters to the editor, newsletters, any published workTraffic and security camerasMost employers are now conducting internet searches and/or background checks on prospective employees before making a decision to hire.Consider making your pages private and leave the discussion about last night’s game of beer pong for your private .Develop a professional blog where you can discuss industry trends or comment on other’s articles or blogs in the industry.Join online groups associated with your industry and participate in online discussions.Work toward improving your credit rating, driving record and public relations.
26 Background ChecksIn addition to informal background checks, many employers conduct formal background checks or require clearance to be employed by them such as helping professions, professions in direct contact with disabled, elderly or child populations, and many government jobs.Be honest about anything that comes up. An arrest or conviction does not necessarily exclude you from employment in many jobs. Know your rights.
27 “Relationships of trust depend on our willingness to look not only to our own interests, but also the interests of others.”~ Peter Farquharson
28 Ask not what others can do for you, but what you can do for others. NetworkingAsk not what others can do for you, but what you can do for others.Think of networking as more of an investment in others and less of who you know and how they can help you get the job you want. Those connections will come naturally as you develop relationships based on true interest and willingness to be involved in meaningful ways.
29 Sources for Networking Family and Relatives and their friends/familyReviewing business news to see who is moving, expanding, or openingProfessors/Teachers and their contactsIntroduce yourself at establishments that you visit frequentlyFriends and their friends/familyClassmates and their friends/familySchedule informational interviews with businesses you are interested inParticipate in Volunteer/Internship or Apprenticeship programsVisit public libraries and book stores and view the literature in their career sectionMembership in community organizations, churches, athletic teams, associations, lodges, private clubs, adult education classes and anything else that brings you in contact with othersClick here for a networking worksheetApplying in personMailing a targeted cover letter to a company that you researched in advance
30 Networking Sheet List 10 people you know List people they know List 10 businesses
31 “A synonym is a word you use when you can't spell the other one. ” ~Baltasar Gracián
32 Before you BeginBe sure the information you are including is honest and accurate.You must be able to discuss the information you put on your resume.Consequences for including false or misleading information on your resume can be serious and if you are hired based on that information you can lose your job even years down the road.What you will need:PaperPen or pencilNames of past employers and dates of employment.
33 Taking InventoryStart with 6 pieces of blank paper. Title each with the headings: education, work, activities, honors and awards, interests and miscellaneous.Education: List colleges and universities attended, exchange programs, and off-campus study.Work: List all jobs held-full or part time, paid or unpaid.Activities: List everything you have done now and in high school, in terms of organized groups, teams, clubs, community involvements, etc.Honors and Awards: List scholarships, class standing, special recognitions and academic achievements.Interests: List hobbies, travel experiences, special talents.Miscellaneous: List everything you have left out thus far.
34 Now it’s time to start editing Now it’s time to start editing. Under each section ask yourself the following questions:Are there things on this list that I feel a sense of pride about?Can I make these things relate to what a prospective employer might be looking for? For example, being a member of a fraternity may not be important to an employer, however, the fact that you organized philanthropic functions to help the community may be. And although your job flipping hamburgers may not seem relevant to you, the fact that you were a conscientious worker during that job may be very important to the employer.Which things on my list show my strengths and other aspects of my personality.Which activities have been superseded by more recent involvements.
35 Putting it all Together Contact Information or HeadingObjectiveEducationHonors and AwardsExperienceSkills/Certifications/QualificationsReferences
36 Contact InformationExampleArnold Smith184 Baldwin Road, Williamston, MA 04276Home: (413) ~ Work: (413)Internet:Every resume must include your name and theaddress where you can be reached.Telephone numbers are very important to include since most employers prefer this means of communication.Make sure that the number you leave will be answered appropriately or has a professional sounding voic .addresses are optional, but be sure the address you list reflects positively on your character. It is best to set up an account that you use only for work related correspondence.
37 Job ObjectiveFor some, this is the most difficult part of writing a resume. Remember that most employers prefer a carefully worded, targeted objective as opposed to a vague statement. You may want to have a few versions of your resume with objectives that are geared toward each type of job you are applying for. Click here for examples.
38 Examples of Targeted Objective Statements: To secure a position as a computer programmer, analyzer, or designer.Because of past involvement in environmental research and land use policy, I am seeking a market research position with a firm managing natural resources.
39 Education B.A. Sociology May 1996 SUNY College at Potsdam Potsdam, NY It is common for students or recent grads to start their resumes with an Education section. However, there is no rule that says it has to be first. It just works out best for many students to highlight academic accomplishments in the beginning to catch an employer’s eye.An EDUCATION section can include extremely relevant courses, G.P.A. , High School (particularly if you were active in clubs or charitable causes), honors and awards, language proficiency and computer skills.B.A. Sociology May 1996SUNY College at PotsdamPotsdam, NYExposure to computer, cartography , surveyingOne week internship in Quebec City; took aerial photos, conversed in FrenchMinor in FrenchA.S. Human Services June 1993Schenectady County Community College Schenectady, NYGPA: 3.32/4.0
40 Honors and Awards G.P.A. 3.4; Dean’s List five semesters Good Student Scholarship Finalist: One of twenty students to receive the highest scholarship honor award of the College, based on academic achievement, campus leadership and community service.Students who have been the recipients ofnumerous honors and awards often have atendency to put everything down on a resume. Itis better to select those which present a compositepicture of your strengths than to list all of yourtriumphs.
41 ExperienceWhether you begin with a position title or the name of the organization is a matter of preference.Group the most relevant experiences on top or create sub categories for types of experience.It is not necessary to list every job you’ve held. High school jobs, unless particularly relevant, can be left off as long as you have 3-4 more recent jobs.Related volunteer and internship positions can also be listed here.Use short descriptive phrases that include power words to list your major job duties.Be sure to write past experiences in the past tense, use present tense for current jobs or activities.Examples
42 Experience Samples Programming Experience Counseling Experience Senior Project, Colby College, Waterville, ME (Jan. 1993)Analyzed the data flow of the College’s maintenance departmentCreated a database to handle an inventory of over 2200 items as well as all invoices for a maintenance department (up to 50 daily)Counseling ExperienceMigrant Tutorial Outreach Intern, Boston, MATutored junior and senior high school students from migrant farming familiesAssessed academic subjects that needed to be strengthenedAssisted students on an individual basisCoordinated subject matter with students’ teachersSpring 1993
43 When describing your job duties, use words that convey action. Power Words When describing your job duties, use words that convey action.For example:Accelerated Accommodated Advanced AchievedAnalyzed Budgeted Coached CommittedComposed Counseled Customized DedicatedDemonstrated Developed Drafted EducatedEmpowered Envisioned Evaluated ExaminedExcelled Facilitated Fulfilled GeneratedGrew Identified Implemented IncreasedInitiated Interpreted Introduced LaunchedLed Maintained Motivated OperatedOrganized Performed Planned PreparedPromoted Recruited Reinforced RelatedResearched Repaired Satisfied ShapedStimulated Supervised Transformed TrainedUpdated Upgraded Valued VisualizedWrote
44 Qualifications/Skills/Certifications If listing your qualifications, you should list those things that relate to your industry or field such as specific certifications, computer skills, spoken languages, and any other abilities that might make you the ideal candidate.This can be done in one section or separate sections or even in combination with other sections in your resume.
45 ReferencesIn most cases, references are left off of the resume entirely and only submitted after the prospective employer has requested them.Many people choose to include this information on a separate page ready to hand an employer if requested. In this case, it should have the same heading as your resume and be in the same format.References should be past employers or coworkers who can speak about your work ethic and habits as well as your abilities.References should NOT be family members or friends.
46 Or stop in during walk in hours every Monday and Tuesday from To see more resume samples or to make an appointment with Career and Employment Services call(518)Or stop in during walk in hours every Monday and Tuesday from1:00-3:00 pmElston 223
47 Things to Keep in MindNo matter what you include in your resume, the format should remain the same throughout.Limit your resume to relevant information (adjust accordingly).Be sure to check spelling and grammar.Keep your descriptions crisp and clear.Make sure your resume is visually balanced.Avoid using templates, they are difficult to change later. If you like the look of a template, format your document to look similar by using the tools in your word processor.Use a good quality resume or bond paper, but avoid trendy colors.Have others review your resume for you.Click here for a resume example.
48 The Cover LetterA cover letter is written specifically for each resume you send and if at all possible addressed to a particular person. If you’re unsure of who it should go to, call the company and ask. Be sure to get the correct spelling.If you have a connection in a company, ask for permission to use their name in your letter. Include it in the first sentence. If you don’t have a connection, your first sentence should include how you learned of the position.The purpose of a cover letter is to convince the recipient to read your resume and hopefully request a personal interview with you. Highlight a few main points of your resume but don’t rewrite your resume.Use a business style format with single spacing and no indentation on paragraphs. Be sure that the text is centered and balanced and not jammed into the top or bottom of the page.After the last paragraph, leave one line space and then type your closing followed by a comma. Leave five additional line spaces and type your name, then sign your name in blue or black ink between the closing and your printed name.Be sure to check for errors in spelling and grammar.Use the same stationary used for your resume.Always keep a copy of the letter you’ve written to a specific company for reference.Click here for examples.
51 Searching for Opportunities NETWORKING only 15-20% of jobs are actually advertised. Ask friends, family and associates for information about their companies or jobs. They’ll enjoy telling you about them and will be more forthcoming with contacts and additional information.REGISTER WITH EASE (SCCC Students and Alumnae only)Get access to Employer contact information and job opportunities posted specifically for our students and alumnae.Upload your resume for review by professional staffFind information on employment related topics including career guides for each of SCCC’s majors.Links to additional online employment websites including the civil service website.Visit company websites to see which jobs they are hiring for.Apply in person to jobs. Many employers will meet with people at the time they apply. Even if they don’t have a job at that time, you now have a new contact.Internet job sites such as Indeed will list ads from most other job search sites as well and you can have new results ed to you daily.
52 Additional ResourcesNewspapers/Professional Journals (Times Union-http://www.timesunion.com)New York State Dept of Labor (http://www.labor.state.ny.us)US Office of Personnel Management (http://www.usajobs.opm.gov)New York State Civil Service (http://www.cs.state.ny.us)New York Unified Court System (http://www.courts.state.ny.us/)County Civil Service Exams/Announcements (Albany, Sch'dy, Saratoga)Federal Job Listings (http://usajobs.opm.gov/)Staffing Services (Adecco, Manpower, etc.)Re-employment Centers (SJTA, Capital District Reemployment Center, VESID)College Career Centers (SCCC, UAlbany, Union College, HVCC, etc.)Local Job/Career Fair Events
53 “One secret of success in life is for a man to be ready for his opportunity when it comes.” ~Benjamin Disreali
54 The Interview Dress for Success Be Prepared Getting Off to a Good StartThe QuestionsWrapping it Up
55 Dress for SuccessDressing nicely and appropriately is a compliment to the person you meet, so if in doubt, err on the side of dressing better than you might need to.Even if you are aware that employees of an organization dress casually on the job, dress up for the interview unless you are specifically told otherwise by the employer.Click here for guidelines
56 GuidelinesSuits:A two piece matched suit is always the best and safest choice. If you think the industry in which you're interviewing would frown on a suit, or the interview will involve going to a work site where a suit would be inappropriate, look for advice through professional organizations, your professors who have been employed in that industry, and/or by asking the employer directly and politely.Conservative colors / fabric: Navy, dark gray (and black for women) — are safe. Other color trends may come and go; avoid the extremes. Solids or very subtle weave patterns or plaids (the kind that look solid across a room) are safest. Wool, wool blends, or good quality micro fiber for women only, are generally the best fabrics in all seasons. Avoid acetate / rayon blends.Cost / quality: You are not expected to be able to afford the same clothing as a corporate CEO. Do invest in quality that will look appropriate during your first two or three years on the job. One good quality suit is sufficient for a job search if that is all your budget allows. You can vary your shirt/blouse tie/accessories.Details: Everything should be clean and well pressed. Carefully inspect clothes for tags, dangling threads, etc.Click here for more detailed information for Men and Women
57 For WomenSuits-Pants should be creased and tailored, not tight or flowing. A skirt that ends at the knee when you're standing also looks chic and professional. Longer narrow skirts are professional too; just make sure they are not so narrow that you can't climb stairs comfortably.Wear a blouse in a color or small print that coordinates nicely with your suit. A fine gauge, good quality knit shell is also appropriate underneath your suit jacket. Don't show cleavage.Jewelry- keep choices simple and leaning toward conservative.Makeup –Be conservative. A little is usually better than none for a polished look. Nails should be clean and well groomed with no or subtle color. Avoid wearing strong perfumes.Shoes - Closed-toe pumps are the best choice. You may be taken on a tour of the site so be certain you can walk comfortably in your shoes. No stilettos or chunky platforms.Hosiery- even if you have the perfect tan, wear plain, sheer (not opaque), neutral colors complementing your suit. Avoid high contrast between your suit and hosiery color.Purse - Keep it small and simple. Purse color should coordinate with your shoes. You may choose to carry a small briefcase or business-like tote bag in place of a purse. Leather is the best choice for briefcases; micro fiber or fine wovens are also acceptable.
58 For MenA two-piece matched suit is always the best and safest choice. Don't combine a suit jacket with pants that don't match. Everything should be clean and well pressed with all tacking stitches and outer labels removed.Choose conservative colors like navy and dark gray. Black for men may still be considered too formal in very conservative industries. Choose a solid or very subtle weave pattern or plaid (the kind that look solid across a room).Select good quality silk ties and avoid fashion extremes, like character ties, in interviews.Long-sleeved dress shirts (button down collar) should be worn, even in summer. Choose white or light blue solid, or conservative stripes.Wear dark socks that match your pants. They should be mid-calf length so no skin is visible when you sit down.Shoes should be leather, lace-up or slip-on business shoes, preferably black or brown.Your belt should be black or brown leather, to match your shoes.If you have facial hair it should be well-groomed. Beards, in general, should not be worn to an interview.Wear a conservative watch. If you choose to wear other jewelry, be conservative. Removing earrings is safest.
59 Be PreparedBegin your preparation at least a few days in advance if possible.Have all clothing cleaned and pressed.Know who you will be interviewing with and where the interview will take place.Prepare at least three questions to ask prospective employers.Have extra copies of your resume, certificates and references.If you are not driving yourself, make sure you know how you will get there and have a back up plan just in case.
60 Getting Off to a Good Start Arrive on time or a few minutes earlyGreet the receptionistGo alone - If you need to have someone else drive you, have them wait in the carHave all of your information available, including drivers license, Social Security card, employment and reference information, your resume and any other important documentation such as professional licensesOffer the interviewer a firm handshakeEstablish eye contactSmile, listen attentively and speak clearlyIf you did not send the interviewer a resume, this is a good time to give it to them -Bring an extra copy just in case
61 The QuestionsMake sure your answers to questions are clear and concise.It’s best to have answers to questions and how you can apply them to variations of those questions well thought out in your head.Never answer a question with “That’s never happened to me” and leave it at that. If you have honestly never dealt with a scenario that the employer presents, tell them how you would handle it if the situation arose.
62 Sample Questions an Employer Might Ask Tell me about yourself.What made you choose your career?Why are you interested in this company?What is your major strength/weakness?What do you know about our company?Describe a problem you encountered and how you dealt with it.Where do you see yourself in three years?Describe an experience where you worked as a team.Describe a difficult person you had to work with and how you dealt with him/her.How would a former employer/instructor describe you?What kind of supervisor do you prefer?Why should I hire you?
63 Sample Questions to Ask an Employer Please describe the duties of the job for me.How often are performance reviews given?Is this a new position or am I replacing someone?What are your growth projections for the next year?What do you like best about your job/company?What qualities are you looking for in the candidate who fills this position?What skills are especially important for someone in this position?May I have a tour of the facility?What is the next step? When should I expect to hear from you or should I contact you after a certain amount of time?
64 At the end of the Interview Be sure to thank the interviewer by name.Ask when you might expect to hear about a decision and when is appropriate to call if you haven’t heard from them.Be sure to write a thank you letter any time an employer takes the time to meet with you.
65 Thank You LetterNo matter how well you feel you presented yourself during an interview, it’s important to thank the interviewer for their time. It’s also a good idea to highlight positives from the interview or to reiterate why you feel you would be a good fit for the company. You can find some good examples of thank you letters for everything from general interviews to damage control.
66 ”The best way to appreciate your job is to imagine yourself without one.” ~Oscar Wilde
67 Keeping the Job Now that you’ve landed the job and begun to settle in, keep in mind that although you are responsible forcompleting the necessary tasks, the job itself belongs to thecompany or agency you work for and they can appointsomeone else to that position if they choose.Be present both physically and mentally and continually look for ways to improve your skills.Be flexible and offer to complete additional assignments when needed.Complete tasks when they are assigned and avoid shortcuts that may lead to bad habits and incomplete work that piles up.You never know who you may work with in the future, so it is always best to complete your work to the best of your ability and maintain positive working relationships.
68 Intellectual Property Most businesses and agencies now have a policyregarding intellectual property, which is in simple termsany intangible asset that consists of humanknowledge and ideas.It is generally accepted that if you develop materials orideas on work equipment (i.e. computers) and time,Then it is owned by the employer.Employers also reserve the right to monitor your usage ofsuch equipment including the internet, downloadsand computer files.