2As you know, a clause is…. Group of words with a subject & verb May or may not be a complete sentenceSorry, nothing to do with Santa…not even spelled the same.What about Santa???Santa Claus does not have an “e” on the end.
3Get it? What is the dependent clause in the sentence? The Santa Clause was a Disney movie with a pun as the title. A clause, in this case, is a line in a contract. The Tim Allen character fell into a contract with a clause which stated that…since he put on the red suit, he had to become Santa Claus.Get it?What is the dependent clause in the sentence?since he put on the red suitLook at the “e’s” on clause in the pics!
42 Overall Kinds of Clauses: Dependent (Subordinate) Independent&Dependent (Subordinate)
5Pretty self-explanatory… An independent clause relies on nothing else.(It can stand alone) Think… S+V+Complete Thought= Indep. ClauseKelly knows all about this one…Example: After I finish studying, I will go to the movies.
6Example: After I finish studying, I will go to the movies. A dependent clause relies on the rest of the sentence…it can’t stand alone because it’s “dependent”.Think…S + V + No complete thought = Dep. ClauseExample: After I finish studying, I will go to the movies.
7There are 3 specific types of dependent (subordinate) clauses… 1. Adjective Clause*Describes a Noun or Prn*Describes a Verb, Adjective, or Adverb2. Adverb Clause3. Noun Clause*The clause is used as a Noun
8Definition of an Adjective Clause: A dependent clause that describes a noun or pronoun.Example: Ms. Jackson had shown slides that she had taken in Egypt.How do we know this is a clause and not a phrase?**It has a subject-she & a verb-had taken**Why is it an adjective clause?**Because that group of words is describing a noun=slides**
9Hint! An adjective clause usually starts with a relative pronoun! “We already covered relative pronouns, so this will be easy!”Ok, what’s a relative pronoun again?that, which, who, whom, whoseRemember those things that introduced a subordinate clause? These are those things!!!!Example: Leonardo da Vinci was the artist who painted the Mona Lisa.“Hey, that’s a subordinate clause!”
10Definition of an Adverb Clause: A dependent clause that describes a verb, adjective, or adverb.Example: If it does not rain tomorrow, we will go to Crater Lake.Why is this an adverb clause?B/c it is describing a verb (will go) & it has a subject & verb (It does rain)NOTICE: When an adverb clause begins a sentence, it is followed by a comma.
11If An adverb clause is introduced by a subordinating conjunction! Remember, we did these already! You have this sheet in your binder (in grammar section!)Example: If it does not rain tomorrow, we will go to Crater Lake.What’s the subordinating conjunction in that sentence?If
123 Definition of a Noun Clause: A dependent clause used as a noun. EXAMPLE: Three dollars was what Daniel offered for the trinket.This is a predicate nominative….A Noun Clause can be used as Subject, Predicate Nominative, DO, or an IO, or as an Object of a Preposition.3Why can’t “three dollars” be the Noun Clause?Because that doesn’t have a subject & verb and a clause has to have both!
13Participation is the Key! Let’s Try Some! Identify the Dependent Clause & tell what type it is.1. My friend found the CD that my sister bought me for my birthday.Dep. Clause:that my sister bought me for my birthdayType:Because it is describing CD, which is a nounAdjective ClauseWhy?2. He skateboarded the jump as if he were an expert.Dep. Clause:as if he were an expertType:Adverb ClauseWhy?Because it is describing how he skateboarded
14Practice Continued…3. Did anyone ask her what sort of present she would like for her birthday?Dep. Clause:what sort of present she would like for her birthdayType:Noun ClauseWhy?Because it is acting as a direct object in the sentence.4. Whoever wins the student council election will have a great deal of responsibility.Dep. Clause:whoever wins the student council electionBecause it is acting as the subject in the sentence.Type:Noun ClauseWhy?
15Some More Practice…5. I can’t find my softball or my glove my cousin lent me.Dep. Clause:my cousin lent meType:Adjective ClauseWhy?Because it is describing softball & glove, which are nouns6. If you ever wanted to step into the past, you’ll like this museum.Dep. Clause:If you ever wanted to step into the pastType:Adverb ClauseWhy?Because it is describing what you’ll like, which is a verb
16*How many types of dependent clauses are there? Let's Review*What is a clause?*What is an independent clause?*What is a dependent clause?*How many types of dependent clauses are there?
17*What is an adjective clause? Review Continued...*What are the 3 types of dependent clauses?*What is a noun clause?*What is an adjective clause?*What is an adverb clause?