Presentation on theme: "Presented by: Michael W. Pott and Carl L. Fessenden, Porter Scott Moderator: Brian Kelley, Bickmore Risk Services."— Presentation transcript:
Presented by: Michael W. Pott and Carl L. Fessenden, Porter Scott Moderator: Brian Kelley, Bickmore Risk Services
What is the purpose behind filing certain motions. What pre-trial motions make sense to file in a case. What are the costs and benefits of filing pre- trial motions.
Pre-Answer Motions Demurrers/Motions to Dismiss, Anti-SLAPP Motions, Motion to Strike Post-Answer Motions Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings, Discovery Motions, Motion for Summary Judgment Other Motions Motion to Seal, Motion for Reconsideration, Motions for Sanctions, Pitchess Motions for discovery of peace officer personnel records
What is it? Challenges the legal sufficiency of a complaint or answer. When do you file it? Before an answer is filed. What does the court consider in ruling on the motion? The court takes all facts plead as being true. Cannot consider extrinsic evidence, but can consider exhibits attached to the Complaint. Can consider judicially noticed documents
Reasons to file a demurrer There is no legal authority for a claim. Plaintiff has failed to plead certain facts and you do not believe such facts can be alleged. To clean up vague or ambiguous pleadings if you plan to file a motion for summary judgment. Where a statute of limitations argument appears obvious from the allegations in the complaint. When you can eliminate a cause of action that would change the scope of discovery, eliminate potentially damaging evidence or allegations, or result in a defendant being dismissed from the case.
Things to consider when deciding whether to file a Demurrer The court will likely grant leave to amend. You may educate opposing counsel to rethink the case and come up with a stronger cause of action or satisfy statute of limitations. How long will the case be delayed? What is the cost for filing and what is my best case result if the demurrer is granted?
An accident happens on January 1, 2012. Lawsuit filed against the public entity on May 1, 2012 Plaintiff did not file a government claim before filing suit. Q1: Should you file a demurrer? Q2: What if lawsuit was instead filed on July 5, 2012? Should you file a demurrer?
Employee Edna files a lawsuit claiming she was harassed because of her race and sues her employer and her supervisor, Joe. There are no allegations in the Complaint that Joe ever said anything that could be construed as harassing based on Ednas race. Instead, Ednas chief complaint is Joe was questioning her work performance and constantly writing her up. Q: Should you file a demurrer?
It is the federal court equivalent to a demurrer. Same considerations should be given to filing a motion to dismiss as would be given to filing a demurrer. Even if may lose on certain claims, it can still be helpful to educate the Court since you will have the same judge throughout the case.
What is it? A broader motion to strike authorized against SLAPP suits (Strategic Litigation Against Public Participation) SLAPP suits are lawsuits that can be characterized as being brought to chill the valid exercise of constitutional rights of freedom of speech. The Anti-SLAPP statute states persons have a right not to be sued for exercising their constitutional rights Anti-SLAPP statute allows defendants an opportunity to dispose of certain lawsuits at the pleading stage and avoid incurring costs of litigation.
Four categories of suits to which the anti-SLAPP statute applies: Statements or writings made before a legislative, executive, judicial, or other official proceeding; Statements or writings made in connection with an issue under consideration or review by a legislative, executive, or judicial body, or other legally authorized official proceeding; Statements or writings made in a place open to the public or in a public forum, in connection with an issue of public interest; Any other conduct in furtherance of the exercise of the constitutional right of petition or the constitutional right of free speech in connection with an issue of public interest.
Examples of occasions when the Anti-SLAPP statute has been found to be applicable. Written communications between a police officer and the District Attorney; Statements made during investigation of possible criminal activity; Reports to the police; Gathering information to be used in a television broadcast; Statements published in a newspaper regarding the reasons for terminating a schools football coach;
Causes of action that can be stricken The critical consideration is whether the cause of action is based on the defendants protected free speech or petitioning activity. Look at the principal thrust or gravaman of the claim. Defamation Interference with prospective economic advantage Nuisance Intentional and negligent infliction of emotional distress Invasion of privacy
When do you file it? Must be filed within 60 days after service of the Complaint or Amended Complaint or as permitted in the courts discretion. Court clerk is required to schedule a hearing on the motion within 30 days of service of the motion unless docket conditions require a later hearing.
Procedure for motion Defendant must show that plaintiffs lawsuit or a cause of action contained therein arises from defendants exercise of free speech or the right to petition as defined in the statute. Defendant can do this by submitting declarations and offering other evidence. If defendant makes a prima facie showing, then the burden shifts to plaintiff to establish a probability of prevailing on the claim being attacked.
Benefits to filing motion Limits costs of defending against a lawsuit by imposing a short timeframe for filing such motions and staying all discovery (unless the discovery is authorized by the court). Forces the plaintiff to establish a probability of prevailing on the merits of the claim – i.e. free discovery. Exposes the plaintiff to an attorneys fees award if the motion is granted. Immediate right to appeal decision.
Employee Joe has a position with the county that is not a civil service position. He serves at the pleasure of the County Executive Officer. After various employees complain for over one year about Joes handling of situations at work and about his overbearing nature, the CEO decides to terminate him. Joe is served with a Notice of Intent to terminate and is given an opportunity to provide a response. Joe hires an attorney who sends a letter to the CEO with Joes response. The letter discusses in vague terms some recent medical problems Joe has had. In the letter, the attorney also makes a settlement demand. A local newspaper reporter hears about the termination and letter and asks for a copy of the letter. The CEO provides a copy of the letter and the reporter summarizes certain portions of it in a newspaper article. Joe sues the County for invasion of privacy. Q: Should you file an anti-SLAPP motion?
Purpose: To strike various allegations in a Complaint or the pleading itself. Must be filed at same time as a demurrer. Used to challenge pleadings filed in violation of a deadline or court order. Can be used to carve out irrelevant, false or improper matter. Can strike improper damage claims such as claims for punitive damages asserted against a public entity.
Purpose: Has the same function as a demurrer, except filed after an answer has been filed. Statutory (CCP Section 438) and non-statutory motions Could use this motion to challenge the statute of limitations issues in the prior hypotheticals. Cannot raise issue previously raised in a demurrer unless there has been a material change in applicable law or statute.
Motion to Compel When plaintiff has failed or refused to respond to written discovery or deposition questions. When plaintiff has failed to completely respond to the questions propounded. Monetary or issue sanctions – what do the courts think about these topics? Motion to Have Requests for Admission Deemed Admitted When plaintiff has failed to respond. If responses served before hearing, then requests will not be deemed admitted.
Motion to Quash In response to an issued subpoena Motion for Protective Order To prevent misuse of information provided To excuse production to protect against oppression or undue burden To extend the time for production Motion for Mental Examination Necessary if plaintiff will not stipulate to the examination
Defendant asks Plaintiff to produce all documents, photographs and video recordings that support Plaintiffs claim there was a dangerous condition of public property. Plaintiff objects to the request claiming the information is protected by the work product privilege. Q: Should you move to compel production?
What is it? Enables the court to determine the opposing partys pleadings lack legal or factual support and to terminate or limit the action accordingly. Can challenge entire case (motion for summary judgment) or causes of action (motion for summary adjudication) Avoiding a triable issue of fact The Judge does not weigh the evidence or assess the credibility of witnesses. If a triable issue of fact is found, the motion is denied.
Benefits: If win the motion, then get an immediate judgment in favor of defendant; thus, avoiding the expense associated with trial. If part of motion is denied, can still have some claims dismissed which could eliminate defendants, narrow the scope of relevant evidence and shorten the trial. If the judge who hears the motion is the trial judge, the motion can educate the judge about the weaknesses of the plaintiffs case.
Costs Can be very costly. Even straight forward motions can cost up to $10,000. More complex motions can cost in excess of $20,000. Judicial attitude Judge may not have enough resources to deal with the motion substantively and instead try to find a technicality upon which to deny the motion. Effect on settlement
Unless confidentiality is required by law for certain information, court records are presumed open to the public. A stipulation by the parties to seal records is not sufficient. Cannot move to seal records after the fact. Court must find an overriding interest exists that overcomes the right of public access to the record, a substantial probability exists that the overriding interest will be prejudiced if the record is not sealed, and no less restrictive means exist to achieve the overriding interest.
Can be brought under CCP 1008(a) Must be made to same judge who made the original ruling Must be made within 10 days after service of the notice at issue Must be based on new or different facts, circumstances or law Cannot simply reargue points that have already been argued.
C.C.P. Sections128.5 and 128.7 Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
California Evidence Code Section 1043 Requests production of peace officer personnel records Usually defending against requests for these records Differences between applicability in Federal Court cases and Superior Court cases.
What is it? A motion to have certain evidence barred from trial. Not intended for use as a last minute motion for summary judgment at trial or in moving to dismiss claims at trial. Only deals with evidentiary issues. Reasons for filing Have prejudicial or irrelevant evidence excluded from trial. Educate the judge on certain evidentiary or legal issues.