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Elements of Language, Third Course Pages 378-381 The Pronoun.

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Presentation on theme: "Elements of Language, Third Course Pages 378-381 The Pronoun."— Presentation transcript:

1 Elements of Language, Third Course Pages The Pronoun

2 A pronoun is a word that is used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns. Example: Stan bought a suit and an overcoat. He will wear them tomorrow.

3 The Pronoun Stan bought a suit and an overcoat. He will wear them tomorrow. Stan bought a suit and an overcoat. He will wear them tomorrow.

4 The Pronoun Several of the horses have gone into the stable because they are hungry.

5 The Pronoun Several of the horses have gone into the stable because they are hungry.

6 The Antecedent The word that a pronoun stands for or refers to is called the antecedent of the pronoun.

7 The Antecedent Find the pronoun. What is its antecedent? The tour guide showed the students where they could see Mayan pottery.

8 the pronoun The tour guide showed the students where they could see Mayan pottery.

9 the antecedent and the pronoun The tour guide showed the students where they could see Mayan pottery.

10 The Antecedent Find the pronoun. What is its antecedent? Why did Oscar give his camera to the film school?

11 the pronoun Why did Oscar give his camera to the film school?

12 the antecedent and the pronoun Why did Oscar give his camera to the film school?

13 The Antecedent Find the pronoun. What is its antecedent? Darius scored a field goal. It was his first of the season.

14 the pronoun Darius scored a field goal. It was his first of the season.

15 the antecedent and the pronoun Darius scored a field goal. It was his first of the season.

16 The Antecedent Darius scored a field goal. It was his first of the season. Notice: A pronoun may appear in the same sentence as its antecedent or in a nearby sentence.

17 Identifying Antecedents Complete Exercise 5 (p. 379)

18 Personal Pronouns First Person (the one speaking) I, me, my mine, we us, our, ours Second Person (the one spoken to) You, your, yours Third Person (the one spoken about) He, him, his, she, her hers, it, its, they, them, their, theirs

19 Identify the Personal Pronouns I hope that they can find your apartment by following our directions.

20 Personal Pronouns I hope that they can find your apartment by following our directions.

21 Find the Personal Pronouns She said that we could call them at home.

22 Find the Personal Pronouns She said that we could call them at home.

23 Find the Personal Pronouns He asked us to help him clear away the fallen branches from his backyard.

24 Personal Pronouns He asked us to help him clear away the fallen branches from his backyard.

25 Find the Personal Pronouns Their dog obeyed them immediately and went to its bed.

26 Personal Pronouns Their dog obeyed them immediately and went to its bed.

27 Reflexive Pronouns A reflexive pronoun refers to the subject of a sentence and functions as a complement or as an object of a preposition. Jason looked at himself in the mirror.

28 Intensive Pronouns An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent and has no grammatical function. Janet herself was inclined to boycott.

29 Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns First Personmyself, ourselves Second Personyourself, yourselves Third Personhimself, herself, itself, themselves

30 Reflexive or Intensive? Elena treated herself to a snack. Even Julie herself was upset. They took only enough food for themselves.

31 Reflexive or Intensive? Albert himself organized the fund- raiser. Julie was upset with herself. He was all by himself.

32 Demonstrative Pronouns A demonstrative pronoun is used to point out a specific person, place, thing or idea. This desk is old. thisthatthesethose

33 Demonstrative Pronouns That is Susies favorite restaurant in San Francisco. The tacos I make taste better than those. These chairs have wheels on them and are easy to move around. This is the last example of demonstrative pronouns.

34 Interrogative Pronouns to interrogate means to question An interrogative pronoun introduces a question. whowhomwhichwhatwhose

35 Interrogative Pronouns Which of the songs is your favorite? What is your parakeets name? To whom are you speaking? Who do you think will win American Idol? Whose on first?

36 Relative Pronouns A relative pronoun introduces a subordinate clause. The ship that you saw is sailing to Greece Isabel is my friend who is training for the Boston marathon. ThatWhichWhoWhomwhose

37 Indefinite Pronouns An indefinite pronoun refers to one or more persons, places, ideas, or things that may or may not be specifically named.

38 Indefinite Pronouns alleachmostone anothereithermuchother anyeveryoneneitherseveral anybodyeverythingnobodysome anyonefewnonesomebody anythingmanyno onesomething bothmorenothingsuch

39 Indefinite Pronouns Angelo has everything he will need to go rock climbing. Is anyone at home? Most of the birds had already flown south for the winter.

40 Identifying Pronouns Complete Exercise 6 (p. 381)


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