Download presentation

1
**Probability and Casino Games**

Maximilian Mohr

2
**Overview Gambler’s Fallacy Roulette Wheel Shooting Craps**

Permutations and Combinations Poker Hands

3
Gambler’s Fallacy The error of thinking that the probability of a particular outcome increases with the successive number of opposite outcomes

4
**Gambler’s Fallacy Coin Toss**

If you toss a coin ten times, and the first nine results are heads, you might think that the probability of the fifth coin being heads is very low

5
**Gambler’s Fallacy Probability of one toss heads = ½**

Probability of 10 tosses being heads = 1/(2^10) = 1/1024 So the probability of the 10th toss being heads = 1/1024, right?

6
Gambler’s Fallacy NOPE!!!

7
Gambler’s Fallacy The tenth toss has just as much of a chance to be heads as tales. It’s 1/2 At the point of your contemplation, the coin has already flipped 9 times, and each individual coin flip is not affected by the previous flip The universe is not keeping a memory of what has happened and what should come next

8
Additionally The probability of getting 10 heads in a row OR 9 heads then 1 tail both have the same odds. Each is an exact combination of 10 outcomes H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H T There are two possibilities for each outcome, and compounded ten times, both sets have a probability of 1/1024

9
Roulette

10
Roulette Roulette is a game in which a small ball is spun around a rotating wheel with 38 different pockets In American roulette, the pockets are numbered 00, 0, 1-36 Gamblers bet on the outcome of the pockets into which the ball will fall Each number is also colored either red or black

11
**Types of Inside Roulette Bets**

Single bet – a bet on one exact outcome Split – a bet placed on two adjoining squares Betting on three numbers in a horizontal line Square – marker placed at the intersection of four numbers

12
**Types of Outside Roulette Bets**

Manque (1-18) Passe (19-36) Red or Black Bets Even or Odd Bets Column Bet – All 12 numbers in any vertical line

13
Craps

14
Craps Basics Craps is a game where gamblers wager of the outcome of rolls of dice. All possible rolls: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

15
**Pass Line Bet The most basic bet, a bet for the shooter to win**

If the roll is 7 or 11, shooter wins Probability of winning this way?

16
**Pass Line Bet If the roll is 2, 3, or 12, the shooter loses**

Probability of losing?

17
Pass Line Bet If the roll is any other value, the player establishes a point. If the player rolls that point again before a 7, he/she wins If the player rolls a 7 before that point, he/she loses. Example: Rolling a 4

18
Texas Hold’em

19
**Texas Hold’em The basics**

Two cards dealt to each player, 5 cards turned over in succession from the deck Player with the best hand using his cards and “the flop” is the winner

20
**Combinations & Permutations**

Which applies to poker hands?? Permutation: a specific set of items in a particular order Combination: a specific set of items in no particular order

21
Combination Lock?

22
**Permutation Formula Where n is the number of items to choose from,**

and r is how many you’re picking out

23
**Combination Formula ___n!___ r!(n-r)!**

You divide out r! from the permutation formula because combinations of the same items in different orders don’t count as separate sets.

24
**How many possible poker hands in all?**

Out of 52 possible cards, choose a combination of 5

25
How Many Hands? 52 choose 5 = 2,598,960

26
Royal Flush Getting 10-J-Q-K-A all of the same suit

27
**Straight Flush Discounting the possibility of getting a royal flush**

5 cards in numerical order, all in the same suit %

28
**4 of one value of any card, the same value from each suit**

4 of a Kind 4 of one value of any card, the same value from each suit 0.024%

29
Full House 3 cards of a kind + a pair 0.144%

30
**Flush 5 cards of any value, all from the same suit**

Discounting straight flushes 0.197%

31
**Straight 5 cards in rank order from any suit**

Discount royal flush and straight flush 0.392%

32
**3 of the same rank, other two cards can be anything**

3 of a kind 3 of the same rank, other two cards can be anything 2.11%

33
2 Pair 4.75%

34
Pair 42.3%

35
No Pair/High Card 50.1%

36
Homework If I am playing a pass line bet in craps, and I roll a 9, how much more likely am I to lose than win? What percent chance do I have of beating a player with a regular flush in poker, if we’re both all in?

37
Sources

Similar presentations

OK

Compound Probability PSSA Unit. Single Events A single event involves the use of ONE item such as: * one card being drawn * one coin being tossed *

Compound Probability PSSA Unit. Single Events A single event involves the use of ONE item such as: * one card being drawn * one coin being tossed *

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google