2I don’t know, ‘cause there’s so much I’d like to be. designer, therapist, manager or work in a fashion magazine (where they have horoscopes)media/TV, astronaut, pilot, work on an oil rig, become a stylist, designing clothes +++lawyer, police officer, astronaut, dancer or journalist.Social worker, actress, singer or work in a pet shop and help animals!
3The research group re:K:rutt… What motivates young people’s educational choices?How can more people be motivated to study science?This is exactly the task that our research group here at the University of Oslo and the National Centre for Science Education has taken on. We are currently around 6-8 persons more or less actively involved in this group, and you will hear from most of us during today.Our research group is involved in two large umbrella projects, the Norwegian Lily and the European/international IRIS. In addition, we are involved in a number of smaller-scale, related projects, notably ”write your choice” where female STEM students give their ”life stories” related to choice of STEM education.
4This is exactly the task that our research group here at the University of Oslo and the National Centre for Science Education has taken on. We are currently around 6-8 persons more or less actively involved in this group, and you will hear from most of us during today.Our research group is involved in two large umbrella projects, the Norwegian Lily and the European/international IRIS. In addition, we are involved in a number of smaller-scale, related projects, notably ”write your choice” where female STEM students give their ”life stories” related to choice of STEM education.Lily
6Det nasjonale fakultetsmøtet for realfag FISKERI- OG HAVBRUKSNÆRINGENS FORSKNINGSFOND
7Trying to understand educational choice Will the profession suit me and my identity?Will I get a job?Does the education suit my goals and ideals?Am I clever enough?What do these professionals actually do at work?Am I really interested?IN order to do something about these challenges, we need to understand all the considerations and experiences that contribute to a young person’s choice of education.How much will it cost me in time and effort?Will I find it meaningful?Redbaron/ Dreamstime
8Eccles et al. expectancy-value model of achievement-related choices (Eccles & Wigfield, 2002)
10Educational choices are influenced by Subjective value of the subjectsInterest-enjoyment valueAttainment valueUtility valueRelative costExpectation of success in the subjects(Eccles, Adler, Futterman, Goff, Meece, & Midgley, 1983)
11Expectation of success Will I be able to do this?Neville Longbottom is insecure, clumsy and forgetful, and has low expectation of success in most subjects.
12Interest-enjoyment value Will I enjoy it?Harry is very interested in defensive spells, and enjoys the subject Defense Against the Dark Arts greatly.
13Attainment value Does the subject suit me, my goals and my identity? Hermione Granger is very clever, she loves books and schoolwork. However, she quit the subject Divination (fortune telling), because she meant it was wholly guesswork. It did not suit her identity as intelligent and rational.
14Utility value Can this help me reach some other goals? Harry hates Professor Snape and his subject Potions. But he still chooses to continue, because the subject is required if he wants to become an Auror who catches dark wizards.
15Relative costWhat will this cost me compared to other things I could’ve been doing?The magical sport Quidditch costs a lot of time and effort for training. And the worst cost of all for Ron Weasly is performance anxiety.
17The LILY study Lily 14,000 respondents Upper secondary school: Students in Year 12Higher education: 1st year students science, technology, engineering and mathematics non-science students for comparisonData collected in autumn 2008Lily
18How important are the following factors for you in your future job? Not importantVery important1234
19Working with something I am interested in Very importantNot importantwomenmen
20Using my talents and abilities Very importantNot importantwomenmen
22Everyone wants to do something interesting, fulfilling and self-realising.
23I want to do something interesting and develop myself I want to do something interesting and develop myself. That’s why I chose teaching.I want to do something interesting and develop myself. That’s why I chose chemistry.I want to do something interesting and develop myself. That’s why I chose engineering.I want to do something interesting and develop myself. That’s why I chose design.
25in upper secondary school The LILY studyin upper secondary school(specialisation in general studies)Students in Year 12 (17 years).Respondents had recently chosen their programme area (subject combination) for the last two years of upper secondary school.Representative sample of 1628 studentsScienceNon-Science
26What matters for choosing science in upper secondary school?
27Interests and identity matters Not importantVery importantSciencenon-Science
28(Student about what inspired her choice of programme area) Interest«I am interested in all sorts of things, […] including science and a general curiosity about how things work.»(Student about what inspired her choice of programme area)
29Identity and self-realisation «I am near-sighted myself, and see an optitian regularly. It seems like an exciting job that suits me.»(Student about what inspired her choice of programme area)
30The utility value of science matters Not importantVery importantSciencenon-Science
31(Student about what inspired his choice Utility«[…] to get as many options as possible to choose from, so that I can find something I can work with and enjoy.»(Student about what inspired his choiceof programme area)
32How can we attract more students to study sciencein higher education?
39Renewable energy researcher Medical physicistRenewable energy researcherOrthopedics engineerNature management professionalTeacher trainerJørgenEnvironmental scientistReservoir engineerFinance analyst
40Use the opportunity to present many different career options that may interesting, meaningful and self-realising to different students.TwistMention the bigger plate of dishes to choose from. Ref. to Jacque Eccles.
43What do they say after 8-10 months? Clip art- results for Norwegian students
44«The overall experience of being a student in this programme» Computer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringGirlsBoysDet er absolutt å anbefale! Ingeniørstudiene ved HiO er mye bedre enn ventet, med utfordringer og hjelp til de som trenger. Det er en hel verden av kjemi som venter å bli oppdaget og brukt av deg! Mye praktisk arbeid ved siden av teorien, som hjelper på forståelsen!Effektstørrelse 0,4 mellom jenter og gutter på mat/fys/kjemBetter than expectedWorse than expected”..I am very satisfied with my courses”
45«Social relations with fellow students» Computer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringGirlsBoysBetter than expectedWorse than expected”Sosiale relasjoner til dine medstudenter”Effektstørrelse 0,35 mellom gutter og jenter på informatikk”Generally a good social life and a fun freshman’s week!”
46«I feel that my course suits the kind of person that I am» GirlsBoysComputer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringSMÅ forskjeller mellom studieprogrammer og kjønn:Effektstørrelse mellom (begge kjønn på bio) og (begge kjønn på ingeniørfag): 0,24Jeg ville valge det som er nyttig og gunstig for samfunnet og hele verden, samtidig som jeg gjerne ville jobbe innenfor forskning. Jeg ville være i action på en måte. Jeg ville skape nye medisiner, som er billigere og mer effektive, jeg ville bekjempe sult og sykdommer, jeg ville jobbe mer tankemessig enn fysisk. Og jeg fortsatt vil det og skal gjøre det :)Jeg har alltid vært skoleflink, og hadde egentlig ikke peiling på hva jeg ville studere (luksusproblemer er også problemer). Det sto mellom fysikk, matte, medisin, hisorie og illustratørlinjen. Det som gjorde at valget falt på fysikk var nok det at jeg har lyst til å hjelpe til med å løse miljøkrisen. Helt siden Blekkulf lærte meg verdien av å plukke boss har jeg hatt lyst til å bruke hodet *vi har bare en klooode*.Fornybar energi har alltid vært interessant for meg, og dermed ble det fysikk.Jeg har mange interesser, noe som gav meg et luksusproblem da det kom til valg av studie. Men så sa broren min at jeg burde sjekke ut kommunikasjonsteknologi, og jeg tenkte med det samme JA. Muligheten til utenlandsopphold, (…) studiemiljø, (…) muligheter til sommerjobb, jobb etter studiet. Alle disse tingene bare ropte KOM HIT! And so I did.Strongly agreeStrongly disagree”...this is what I find most exciting, this is what I want to become good at, and what I want to work with”
47«How interesting you find the content of the course» Computer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringGirlsBoysBetter than expectedWorse than expectedHvor interessant du opplever innholdet i studietEffektstr Cohens d = 0,32 mellom gutter og jenter på bioEffektstr Cohens d = 0,14 mellom (alle på bio) og (alle ing)”You can put together your own combi-nation of courses, and you will always find something you find interesting!”
48Expectation of success: «I learn easily the subject matter in this course» Computer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringGirlsBoysStrongly agreeStrongly disagreeJeg lærer lett fagstoffet på dette studietHer er det klare forskjeller mellom kjønnene på informatikk og mat/fys/kjem.Effektstr informatikk jenter/gutter: Cohens d = 0,63”I chose from what I felt I could master. Because when I master something, it automatically gets more fun. I don’t want to study something I don’t feel I can understand.”
49«The overall quality of the teaching» Computer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringGirlsBoysDen samlede kvaliteten på undervisningenGutter har en tendens til å være mer positive enn jenter.Jenter vs gutter på bio: Cohens d = 0,43Bio-studenter har en veldig liten tendens til å være mer positive enn ingeniørstudenter:(alle bio) vs (alle tre ing): Cohens d = 0,24Better than expectedWorse than expected”The lecturers are very sloppy..”
50«I get personal feed-back from lecturers and teachers when I need it» Computer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringGirlsBoysSærlig på bio er det her en tydelig forskjell mellom jenter og gutter. Cohens d = 0,59Strongly agreeStrongly disagree”You have to do most of the learning yourself…”
51«The effort you have to spend on studying» Computer scienceBiology and biotechnologyMathematics, physics, chemistryEngineeringGirlsBoysTid og krefter du må bruke på studietGutter/jenter informatikk: Cohens d =0,3er et veldig vanskelig studie (…)All tid eller meste av den går til studier, men likevel er det sosialt fordi man sitter og jobber sammen og samarbeiderBetter than expectedWorse than expected”You have to work hard from day one. Much steeper learning curve than expected”
52«The effort you have to spend on studying» It is very tough. The first two years mainly consist of difficuilt subjects that don’t seem relevant to the study at large, and this can easily kill motivation.Clip artNorwegian IRIS respondent
59Mathematics as a key drop-out factor “meaningless” “demanding” “dull” “difficult”
60From interviews with dropped-out students Difficulty: «I struggled, had no sense of mastery, too abstract, failed.»Lack of previous knowledge: «Even though I had [in-depth upper secondary mathematics], it was at least one division up.»Results from PhD-student Helge Brovold, RENATE
61«The enjoyment was great, but the mathematics was even bigger!»
63Technology, organization and learning »» The study programme gives you knowledge about organizations and organizational changes.We link knowledge from several disciplines to form an innovative and exciting new field.Hvordan kan vi best skape endringsprosesser for grupper og individer i organisasjoner? Studieprogrammet Teknologi, organisasjon og læring gir deg kunnskaper om organisasjoner og organisasjonsendringer. Studieprogrammet har spesielt fokus på informasjonsteknologiens rolle i denne sammenhengen. Studiet passer for deg som er interessert i å forstå og bidra til endring i organisasjoner.Dette er et nytt studium ved Universitetet i Oslo. Vi kobler kunnskap fra flere fag sammen til et nyskapende og spennende fagområde. Fra informatikk får du kunnskap om arbeid med og design av IT. Fra sosiologien får du kunnskap om organisasjoner - spesielt organisasjoner hvor det produseres kunnskap. Fra pedagogikken får du kunnskap om læringsprosesser som foregår i arbeidslivet. Disse fagområdene spiller sammen når bedrifter forandrer seg, og det er kunnskaper om dette samspillet som er sentralt i studiet.
64… I was suprised, then, about how much math there was. And the informatics, that’s what put me off a bit, ‘cause I wasn’t counting on that. And I am not good at that.I just found out that this, I can’t do this.… from what was on the website, I got the impression that there wasn’t going to be that much [ICT].What impression of the study did you get from what you read?That it would be … I don’t know … that it would suit me, ‘cause I want to work with management and organization, in that sense it seemed really interesting.… and that bit with technology … informatics, I felt that wasn’t really clear on the website.And had I known that, I wouldn’t have started ‘cause I’m not at all good at those kind of subjects.