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Chapter 15 Graphics. To paint, you need to specify where to paint. Each component has its own coordinate system with the origin (0, 0) at the upper-left.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Graphics. To paint, you need to specify where to paint. Each component has its own coordinate system with the origin (0, 0) at the upper-left."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 15 Graphics

2 To paint, you need to specify where to paint. Each component has its own coordinate system with the origin (0, 0) at the upper-left corner. The x-coordinate increases to the right, and the y-coordinate increases downward. Note that the Java coordinate system differs from the conventional coordinate system, Graphical Coordinate Systems

3 +setColor(color: Color): void +setFont(font: Font): void +drawString(s: String, x: int, y: int): void +drawLine(x1: int, y1: int, x2: int, y2: int): void +drawRect(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int): void +fillRect(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int): void +drawRoundRect(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int, aw: int, ah: int): void +fillRoundRect(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int, aw: int, ah: int): void +draw3DRect(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int, raised: boolean): void +fill3DRect(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int, raised: boolean): void +drawOval(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int): void +fillOval(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int): void +drawArc(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int, startAngle: int, arcAngle: int): void +fillArc(x: int, y: int, w: int, h: int, startAngle: int, arcAngle: int): void +drawPolygon(xPoints: int[], yPoints: int[], nPoints: int): void +fillPolygon(xPoints: int[], yPoints: int[], nPoints: int): void +drawPolygon(g: Polygon): void +fillPolygon(g: Polygon): void +drawPolyline(xPoints: int[], yPoints: int[], nPoints: int): void java.awt.Graphics

4 import javax.swing.*; import java.awt.Graphics; public class TestPaintComponent extends JFrame { public TestPaintComponent() { add(new NewPanel()); } public static void main(String[] args) { TestPaintComponent frame = new TestPaintComponent(); frame.setTitle("TestPaintComponent"); frame.setSize(200, 100); frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); // Center the frame frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); frame.setVisible(true); } } class NewPanel extends JPanel { protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) { super.paintComponent(g); g.drawLine(0, 0, 50, 50); g.drawString("Banner", 0, 40); } } A Simple Example

5 import javax.swing.*; import java.awt.Color; import java.awt.Graphics; public class RandGraphicsDemo extends JFrame { public static int w = 500; public static int h = 500; public RandGraphicsDemo() { add(new aPanel()); } public static void main(String[] args) { RandGraphicsDemo frame = new RandGraphicsDemo(); frame.setTitle("Random Graphics"); frame.setSize(w,h); frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); // Center the frame frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); frame.setVisible(true); } } class aPanel extends JPanel { protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) { Color col; super.paintComponent(g); setBackground(Color.BLUE); for(int i=0;i<1000;i++) { col = new Color((int)(Math.random()*256),(int)(Math.random()*256),(int)(Math.random()*256)); g.setColor(col); g.drawRect((int)(Math.random()*450),(int)(Math.random()*450),(int)(Math.random()*50),(int)(Math.random()*50)); } } } Random Graphics Example

6 class aPanel extends JPanel { public static int x = 250; public static int y = 250; public static int vx = 3; public static int vy = -2; public static int size = 20; public static int side_border = 15; public static int title_bar = 40; protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) { super.paintComponent(g); setBackground(Color.BLUE); g.setColor(Color.RED); g.fillOval(x,y,size,size); x = x + vx; y = y + vy; if(x>500-size-side_border) vx = -vx; if(x 500-size-title_bar) vy = -vy; if(y System.currentTimeMillis()); } } Through the use of the repaint( ) method and a means of controlling the speed of processing, we can simulate motion of graphical objects. Animation Techniques

7 import java.awt.*; import javax.swing.*; public class CardShow extends JFrame { public CardShow() { add(new ImagePanel()); } public static void main(String[] args) { JFrame frame = new CardShow(); frame.setTitle("Image Display Demo"); frame.setSize(1000,445); frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); frame.setVisible(true); } class ImagePanel extends JPanel { public void paintComponent(Graphics g) { Card a_card; Deck a_deck = new Deck(); a_deck.shuffle(); super.paintComponent(g); for(int i=0;i<52;i++) { a_card = a_deck.dealCard(); g.drawImage(a_card.img,75*(i % 13)+5,100*(i/13) + 5,this); } } } } Graphics Card Deck Demo

8 if(ranknum==1) rank = "Ace"; if(ranknum>1 & ranknum<10) rank = Character.toString((char)(ranknum + 48)); if(ranknum == 10) rank = "10"; if(ranknum == 11) rank = "Jack"; if(ranknum == 12) rank = "Queen"; if(ranknum == 13) rank = "King"; card[i] = new Card(suit,rank,value); } } public void shuffle() { Card tmpcard; topcard = 0; for(int i=0;i<1000;i++) { int k,m; k = (int)(Math.random()*52.0); m = (int)(Math.random()*52.0); tmpcard = card[k]; card[k] = card[m]; card[m] = tmpcard; } } public class Deck { String suit = ""; String rank = ""; int suitnum, ranknum, value; Card[] card = new Card[52]; int topcard; Deck() { topcard = 0; for(int i = 0;i { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/7/1657065/slides/slide_8.jpg", "name": "if(ranknum==1) rank = Ace ; if(ranknum>1 & ranknum<10) rank = Character.toString((char)(ranknum + 48)); if(ranknum == 10) rank = 10 ; if(ranknum == 11) rank = Jack ; if(ranknum == 12) rank = Queen ; if(ranknum == 13) rank = King ; card[i] = new Card(suit,rank,value); } } public void shuffle() { Card tmpcard; topcard = 0; for(int i=0;i<1000;i++) { int k,m; k = (int)(Math.random()*52.0); m = (int)(Math.random()*52.0); tmpcard = card[k]; card[k] = card[m]; card[m] = tmpcard; } } public class Deck { String suit = ; String rank = ; int suitnum, ranknum, value; Card[] card = new Card[52]; int topcard; Deck() { topcard = 0; for(int i = 0;i1 & ranknum<10) rank = Character.toString((char)(ranknum + 48)); if(ranknum == 10) rank = 10 ; if(ranknum == 11) rank = Jack ; if(ranknum == 12) rank = Queen ; if(ranknum == 13) rank = King ; card[i] = new Card(suit,rank,value); } } public void shuffle() { Card tmpcard; topcard = 0; for(int i=0;i<1000;i++) { int k,m; k = (int)(Math.random()*52.0); m = (int)(Math.random()*52.0); tmpcard = card[k]; card[k] = card[m]; card[m] = tmpcard; } } public class Deck { String suit = ; String rank = ; int suitnum, ranknum, value; Card[] card = new Card[52]; int topcard; Deck() { topcard = 0; for(int i = 0;i

9 import java.awt.*; public class Card { String suit; String rank; int value; Image img; Card(String s, String r, int v) { String sname = ""; String rname = ""; suit = s; rank = r; value = v; if(suit=="Club") sname = "C"; if(suit=="Spade") sname = "S"; if(suit=="Heart") sname = "H"; if(suit=="Diamond") sname = "D"; rname = r; if(rank == "Ace") rname = "A"; if(rank == "10") rname = "T"; if(rank == "Jack") rname = "J"; if(rank == "Queen") rname = "Q"; if(rank == "King") rname = "K"; img = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getImage("cards/" + sname + rname + ".jpg"); } } Card Class

10 Example Output

11 import java.awt.*; import javax.swing.*; public class ImageDisplay extends JFrame { public ImageDisplay() { add(new ImagePanel()); } public static void main(String[] args) { JFrame frame = new ImageDisplay(); frame.setTitle("Image Display Demo"); frame.setSize(400,300); frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); frame.setVisible(true); } class ImagePanel extends JPanel { private ImageIcon imageIcon = new ImageIcon("flag.gif"); private Image img = imageIcon.getImage(); @Override protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) { super.paintComponent(g); if(img != null) g.drawImage(img,0,0,getWidth(), getHeight(), this); } } } Image Display Demo


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