13Pataphysics'Pataphysics deals with "the laws which govern exceptions and will explain the universe supplementary to this one“In 'pataphysics, every event in the universe is accepted as an extraordinary event."If you let a coin fall and it falls, the next time it is just by an infinite coincidence that it will fall again the same way; hundreds of other coins on other hands will follow this pattern in an infinitely unimaginable fashion".
14After his death, Pablo Picasso, fascinated with Jarry, acquired his pistol and wore it on his nocturnal expeditions in Paris, and later bought many of his manuscripts as well as executing a fine drawing of him"the science of imaginary solutions, which symbolically attributes the properties of objects, described by their virtuality, to their lineaments" (Gestes et opinions du Docteur Faustroll, II, viii). Raymond Queneau has described 'pataphysics as resting "on the truth of contradictions and exceptions."
15works within the 'pataphysical tradition tend to focus on the processes of their creation, and elements of chance or arbitrary choices are frequently key in those processes. Select pieces from Marcel Duchamp and John Cage characterize thisPerhaps the most famous mention of 'pataphysics remains the Beatles' 1969 song "Maxwell's Silver Hammer," from Abbey Road, which mentions Joan, a student who "was quizzical/studied 'pataphysical science in the home.Pataphysics Research Library
16Futurism Futurism emphasized manifesto as a starting point. The first futurist manifesto (Futrism Manifestors and Other Resources Click Here) is by Fillippo Tommaso Marinetti, a wealthy poet with a flamboyant personal style . It appears in Le Figaro, February 1909Marinetti lives in Paris from 1893 to 1896 and is associated with circles that include Jarry. This is when he is introduced to the principles of free verse.Upon return to Italy, Marinetti produces a play with a manifesto introduction starts to create a reputation for Marinetti.
18Political, Idealist and Nationalist Italy politically unstable. “Marinetti recognized the possibilities of utilizing the public unrest and of marrying Futurist ideas for reform in the arts with the current stirrings of nationalism and colonialism.” (Goldberg 13)First Futurist evening in Trieste January 12, Future Futurist evenings watched by large battalions of Austrian police.
20Painters become Performers Marinetti organizes painters, especially from around Milan, to join the cause of Futurism. The major figures include Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Luigi Russolo, Gino Severini, and Giacomo Balla.Performances center on their “evenings” which are “wild and provocative variety shows in which distinctions between actors and audience were sometimes obliterated.” (Leslie Satin, Valentine de Saint-Point
21Michael Kirby says that futurist performances were a general “call to arms” against all existing institutions including art.Futurists tended to glorify war and violence.Many of the futurists became eventually, and some permanently, facists.Futurism tended toward antimaterialism and anti-bourgeois but responding with a heightened irrationality instead of economic/class analysis.
37Valentine de Saint Point A liberated figure of feminist emancipation during the early Avant-Garde.A model for Rodin in 1904, through a liason with the art critic Canudo becomes involved in Futurism. She writes poems, novels, paints and creates original dance. She conceives of a feminist theater and writes her Manifesto for the Futurist Woman as an answer to what she sees as Marinetti’s misogyny. She also writes the Futurist Manifesto of Lust.
39Borrowing from Symbolism According to Leslie Satin, Valentine de Saint-Point’s performances were an amalgam of various styles and approaches including a number of borrowings from symbolism including: depersonalization of the performer, interrelationship of the senses, emphasis on mystery and atmosphere, interest in geometric symbols, light and shadow, and emptying out of the performance space.
40Nancy Locke feels that Saint-Pointe revolve around the assumption that the paths of women’s power are made, almost exclusively through the channels of sexuality.Individuals must dissolve themselves into the “expression of the crowd.”The crowd (multitude-one) possesses an admirable energy that needed to be harnessed by the artist.Males confuse admiration with desire.Society divides into femininity and masculinity, not into women and men.
41Her Beautiful TheoryHer “beautiful theory …that part of action that is gesture, that part of music that is song, that part of line that is pictorial, and that part of movement that is dance. ..that which is beyond dancing.” she told Djuna Barnes