3 Format of the ClassNotes and HandoutsExercisesInteractive: Questions and ChallengesPermitted?Expected?Required!
4 MaximsNever...Underlead an ace in a suit contractLead an unsupported aceLie to your partner in your discardingAlways...Lead partner's bid suitLead 4th from longest and strongest vs. NTCover an honor with an honorSplit honorsPlay second hand lowPlay third hand highWhen you don't know what to lead, lead trump
6 Defense is Hard WorkObservationCountingEach suitHonor PointsDeduction and InferenceDistributionLocation of Honor CardsThe Concept of Negative Inference
7 The Role of Bidding in Defense Calls to Guide the DefenseCalls to Crowd the AuctionCalls to Force the Opposition HigherCalls to Find Productive Sacrifice Contracts
8 Visualization: Developing and Refining a Picture of All Hands Channeling Declarer (What is That?)Clues from the BiddingInformation from Partner's Opening LeadPresentation of DummyDeclarer's PlaysPartner's Plays and Signals
9 Visualization - 1Neither side vulnerable...South (You) K Q T 3 7 3 A 7 4The bidding proceeds (your partner passes throughout):West North East South1♣ Pass1♦ Pass 1♥ Pass4♥ Pass Pass Pass
10 Visualization - 2Neither side vulnerable...South (You) K Q T 3 7 3 A 7 4The bidding proceeds:West North East South ♥ 2♦ Dbl Pass2♠ Pass Pass ?
11 Visualization - 3Neither side vulnerable...South (You) K Q T 3 7 3 A 7 4The bidding proceeds:West North East South ♦ Pass 1NT Pass2♥ Pass 3NT PassPass Pass
12 If Opening Leader or Dummy, Predict Declarer's Hand; Otherwise, predict Opening Leader's HandBoard: _______Prediction: Actual:♠ ♠♥ ♥♦ ♦
13 Making Percentage Plays Assume Opponents are in the Proper Contract - Unless...
15 The Importance of Leads Opening LeadsLeads During the Defense
16 Being Prepared for the Obvious Play; Keeping Tempo
17 PreparednessBidding: (South) 1♣ - Pass - 1♦ - Pass - 1♥ - Pass - 4♥ - Pass - Pass - Pass. You lead ♠K and play proceeds with declarer winning the ♠A. Declarer studies the dummy for 10 seconds, and leads...North J 6 5 K Q 8 6 K J 8 5 K 4West (You) East K Q T 3 4 7 3 A 7 4 South (Declarer) A
18 Patience on DefenseBreaking New Suits: Pros and ConsLost Trick Exchanged for Discard(s)Honors take HonorsAvoid Taking (Optional) Tricks Without a Lead in Mind
19 PatienceBidding: (South) 1♣ - Pass - 1♦ - Pass –1♥ - Pass - 4♥ - Pass –Pass - Pass.You lead ♠K and play proceeds with declarer winning the ♠A. Declarer studies the dummy for 10 seconds, and leads...North 9 4 K J 8 6 K Q J 5 Q 7 4West (You) East K Q T 3 5 7 3 A J 5 2 South (Declarer) A
20 DeductionWithout opposition, the opponents have bid to a contract of 4♠. You lead the ♥A; your partner plays the ♥8 (standard carding). What card do you play next? Why?North K 9 7 4 J 7 5 K 8 5 A 8 6West East 6 3 A K 8 K Q 5 South 3
21 The Significance of Every Card What is a high card / low card in a suit?Missing cards
22 Only Disclose Information Of More Value to Your Partner
23 The Good Partner Dilemma (Brilliance vs. Teamwork) (Choose carefully…)
24 Defense is hard workDefensive bidding is criticalVisualization - Develop and refine a picture of all handsMake percentage playsBe prepared for the obvious play; play in tempoYou need to practice patience on defenseEvery card you play and every card your partner plays is significantOnly disclose information of more value to your partner than to declarerWhen faced with a choice between being brilliant and being a good partner...