3Format of the ClassNotes and HandoutsExercisesInteractive: Questions and ChallengesPermitted?Expected?Required!
4MaximsNever...Underlead an ace in a suit contractLead an unsupported aceLie to your partner in your discardingAlways...Lead partner's bid suitLead 4th from longest and strongest vs. NTCover an honor with an honorSplit honorsPlay second hand lowPlay third hand highWhen you don't know what to lead, lead trump
6Defense is Hard WorkObservationCountingEach suitHonor PointsDeduction and InferenceDistributionLocation of Honor CardsThe Concept of Negative Inference
7The Role of Bidding in Defense Calls to Guide the DefenseCalls to Crowd the AuctionCalls to Force the Opposition HigherCalls to Find Productive Sacrifice Contracts
8Visualization: Developing and Refining a Picture of All Hands Channeling Declarer (What is That?)Clues from the BiddingInformation from Partner's Opening LeadPresentation of DummyDeclarer's PlaysPartner's Plays and Signals
9Visualization - 1Neither side vulnerable...South (You) K Q T 3 7 3 A 7 4The bidding proceeds (your partner passes throughout):West North East South1♣ Pass1♦ Pass 1♥ Pass4♥ Pass Pass Pass
10Visualization - 2Neither side vulnerable...South (You) K Q T 3 7 3 A 7 4The bidding proceeds:West North East South ♥ 2♦ Dbl Pass2♠ Pass Pass ?
11Visualization - 3Neither side vulnerable...South (You) K Q T 3 7 3 A 7 4The bidding proceeds:West North East South ♦ Pass 1NT Pass2♥ Pass 3NT PassPass Pass
15The Importance of Leads Opening LeadsLeads During the Defense
16Being Prepared for the Obvious Play; Keeping Tempo
17PreparednessBidding: (South) 1♣ - Pass - 1♦ - Pass - 1♥ - Pass - 4♥ - Pass - Pass - Pass. You lead ♠K and play proceeds with declarer winning the ♠A. Declarer studies the dummy for 10 seconds, and leads...North J 6 5 K Q 8 6 K J 8 5 K 4West (You) East K Q T 3 4 7 3 A 7 4 South (Declarer) A
18Patience on DefenseBreaking New Suits: Pros and ConsLost Trick Exchanged for Discard(s)Honors take HonorsAvoid Taking (Optional) Tricks Without a Lead in Mind
19PatienceBidding: (South) 1♣ - Pass - 1♦ - Pass –1♥ - Pass - 4♥ - Pass –Pass - Pass.You lead ♠K and play proceeds with declarer winning the ♠A. Declarer studies the dummy for 10 seconds, and leads...North 9 4 K J 8 6 K Q J 5 Q 7 4West (You) East K Q T 3 5 7 3 A J 5 2 South (Declarer) A
20DeductionWithout opposition, the opponents have bid to a contract of 4♠. You lead the ♥A; your partner plays the ♥8 (standard carding). What card do you play next? Why?North K 9 7 4 J 7 5 K 8 5 A 8 6West East 6 3 A K 8 K Q 5 South 3
21The Significance of Every Card What is a high card / low card in a suit?Missing cards
22Only Disclose Information Of More Value to Your Partner
23The Good Partner Dilemma (Brilliance vs. Teamwork) (Choose carefully…)
24Defense is hard workDefensive bidding is criticalVisualization - Develop and refine a picture of all handsMake percentage playsBe prepared for the obvious play; play in tempoYou need to practice patience on defenseEvery card you play and every card your partner plays is significantOnly disclose information of more value to your partner than to declarerWhen faced with a choice between being brilliant and being a good partner...