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Chaplain Corps, USN Statistics, Research and Litigation Prepared 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "Chaplain Corps, USN Statistics, Research and Litigation Prepared 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chaplain Corps, USN Statistics, Research and Litigation Prepared 2002

2 CHC Litigation Quiz There is a lawsuit pending in federal court against the Navy chaplain corps. There is a lawsuit pending in federal court against the Navy chaplain corps. True or False True or False True and False. True and False. There are actually five separate suits in federal courts concerning the CHC. Some have been filed by individuals, others by groups. There are actually five separate suits in federal courts concerning the CHC. Some have been filed by individuals, others by groups.

3 CHC Litigation Quiz A senior chaplain who is in the know has told me that the lawsuit is a dead issue. A senior chaplain who is in the know has told me that the lawsuit is a dead issue. Actually one of the suits recently was given class standing by the judge. This class action suit will eventually include between 700 to 1000 chaplains. The suit has now entered the discovery phase. Actually one of the suits recently was given class standing by the judge. This class action suit will eventually include between 700 to 1000 chaplains. The suit has now entered the discovery phase.

4 CHC Litigation Quiz These suits have been filed by a bunch of upset, bitter, passed over chaplains who couldnt hack it and now are angry about being passed over. These suits have been filed by a bunch of upset, bitter, passed over chaplains who couldnt hack it and now are angry about being passed over. A federal judge has ruled that the suit should be heard because of the significant constitutional questions being raised. The litigants have argued that the current system of preferential treatment is a violation of the law; specifically, the First and Fifth Amendments to the Constitution. A federal judge has ruled that the suit should be heard because of the significant constitutional questions being raised. The litigants have argued that the current system of preferential treatment is a violation of the law; specifically, the First and Fifth Amendments to the Constitution.

5 CHC Litigation Quiz Chaplain Corps boards always promote the best qualified. Why even question them? Chaplain Corps boards always promote the best qualified. Why even question them? A number of studies have been done that prove that CHC selection boards do not always promote those with the best records. A number of studies have been done that prove that CHC selection boards do not always promote those with the best records.

6 Religious Demographics USN and USMC 8/16/99 The religious demographics of the Department of the Navy are readily available. The 2001 demographics look like this when sorted into the major groups of Roman Catholic, Liturgical Protestant, Non-liturgical Protestant and Special Worship and No Preference.

7 Expanded Demographics If one were to remove the no preference group from the USN demographics, and expand the remaining numbers evenly, the result would look like this.

8 Expanded Demographics One would expect a Chaplain Corps based on the religious demographics of the DON to reflect these numbers: 36% Roman Catholic, 12 % Liturgical Protestant, 48% Non- liturgical Protestant and 4% Special Worship.

9 Religious Demographics of CHC 1999 In fact, we find little or no correlation between the current makeup of the Chaplain Corps and the religious demographics of the Department of the Navy. The next two charts compare the statistics.

10 Expanded Demographics Vs Actual CHC Composition 1999

11 CHC Demographics The result is that liturgical Protestants are the most over-represented group in the Navy. The result is that liturgical Protestants are the most over-represented group in the Navy. Non-liturgical Protestants are significantly under-represented as the following charts illustrate. Non-liturgical Protestants are significantly under-represented as the following charts illustrate.

12 Chaplain Availability by Faith Group, 2000 Liturgical Protestant Congregational1:17 Congregational1:17 Episcopal1:121 Episcopal1:121 Lutheran1:172 Lutheran1:172 Methodist1:296 Methodist1:296 Presbyterian1:79 Presbyterian1:79 Orthodox1:29 Orthodox1:29 Reformed1:23 Reformed1:23

13 Chaplain Availability by Faith Group, 2000 Special Worship Groups Christian Science1:117 Christian Science1:117 Jewish1:104 Jewish1:104 7 th Day Adventist1:127 7 th Day Adventist1:127

14 Chaplain Availability by Faith Group, 2000 Non-Liturgical Protestant Baptists1:475 Baptists1:475 Pentecostal1:293 Pentecostal1:293 Other1:457 Other1:457 Roman Catholic1:696 Roman Catholic1:696

15 Chaplain Availability by Faith Group, 2000 Average Liturgical1:140 Average Liturgical1:140 Average Non-Liturgical1:494 Average Non-Liturgical1:494 Average Special Worship1:116 Average Special Worship1:116 Average Roman Catholic1:696 Average Roman Catholic1:696

16 CHC Accessions Just as CHC demographics do not reflect the religious makeup of the DON, research reveals that CHC does not recruit to meet these demographics. Just as CHC demographics do not reflect the religious makeup of the DON, research reveals that CHC does not recruit to meet these demographics. Non-liturgicals were significantly under- represented in the recruiting goals set by the Chaplain Corps from the years1992- 1996. Non-liturgicals were significantly under- represented in the recruiting goals set by the Chaplain Corps from the years1992- 1996.

17 CHC Accession Goals 1992-1996

18 CHC Actual Accessions 1992-1996

19 CHC Accessions, FY 1990-2001 % by Faith Grouping

20 Accession from the Reserves The Chaplain Corps regularly accesses chaplains from the Reserves at various pay grades. The Chaplain Corps regularly accesses chaplains from the Reserves at various pay grades. Only certain groups, however, have been accessed at the LCDR and above level. Only certain groups, however, have been accessed at the LCDR and above level.

21 Accession from Reserves FY 1990-2000

22 CHC Leadership One would hope that the key leadership positions in the Chaplain Corps would be evenly distributed among faith groupings, so that each would be equally represented in Chaplain leadership. One would hope that the key leadership positions in the Chaplain Corps would be evenly distributed among faith groupings, so that each would be equally represented in Chaplain leadership. In 1995, Chaplain Larry Ellis did a study of 15 key billets, the core of CHC leadership positions. He looked at the faith groups of chaplains serving in these positions for the previous 15 years. In 1995, Chaplain Larry Ellis did a study of 15 key billets, the core of CHC leadership positions. He looked at the faith groups of chaplains serving in these positions for the previous 15 years.

23 CHC Leadership These billets included the Chief of Chaplains, Deputy Chief of Chaplains, Executive Asst to the Chief, Director of Training, Director of Distribution and Placement, Director of Plans and Policy, Director of Eccl. Relations, Asst for the Naval Reserve, Asst for USMC, PACFLT, LANTFLT, CINCUSNAVEUR, CNET, US Naval Academy and the Director of the Chaplains School. These billets included the Chief of Chaplains, Deputy Chief of Chaplains, Executive Asst to the Chief, Director of Training, Director of Distribution and Placement, Director of Plans and Policy, Director of Eccl. Relations, Asst for the Naval Reserve, Asst for USMC, PACFLT, LANTFLT, CINCUSNAVEUR, CNET, US Naval Academy and the Director of the Chaplains School.

24 Ellis Report - 1995 Chaplain Ellis found that only 12% of these billets had been held by non liturgicals during this period of time.

25 CHC Leadership Take a brief look at the following statistics and make your own conclusion. Take a brief look at the following statistics and make your own conclusion.

26 Chiefs of Chaplains since 1980 OConnorRoman Catholic OConnorRoman Catholic TrowerLutheran TrowerLutheran StevensonPresbyterian StevensonPresbyterian McNamaraRoman Catholic McNamaraRoman Catholic KoenemanLutheran KoenemanLutheran WhiteReformed WhiteReformed MuchowLutheran MuchowLutheran HolderbyLutheran HolderbyLutheran Black7 th Day Adventist Black7 th Day Adventist

27 Deputy Chiefs of Chaplains MooreUnited Methodist MooreUnited Methodist StevensonPresbyterian StevensonPresbyterian McNamaraRoman Catholic McNamaraRoman Catholic KoenemanLutheran KoenemanLutheran WhiteReformed WhiteReformed MuchowLutheran MuchowLutheran HolderbyLutheran HolderbyLutheran Black7 th Day Adventist Black7 th Day Adventist IaselloRoman Catholic IaselloRoman Catholic

28 CHC Leadership by Faith Group since 1980 Chaplains Holding the Position of Chief or Deputy: Three Roman Catholics Three Roman Catholics Four Lutherans Four Lutherans One Presbyterian One Presbyterian One Reformed Church of America One Reformed Church of America One 7 th Day Adventist One 7 th Day Adventist One United Methodist One United Methodist

29 CHC Leadership by Faith Group

30 Promotion Board Composition by Faith Group Category Chaplain Corps board members shall be nominated without regard to religious affiliation. Chaplain Corps board members shall be nominated without regard to religious affiliation. SECNAV Instruction 1401.3, 8 Aug 1991 SECNAV Instruction 1401.3, 8 Aug 1991

31 Promotion Board Composition by Faith Group Category As you read these charts, keep in mind the following demographics: As you read these charts, keep in mind the following demographics: Non liturgicals compose 40% of the active duty Chaplain Corps. Non liturgicals compose 40% of the active duty Chaplain Corps.

32 Promotion Board Composition by Faith Group Category

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37 The Future? The Chaplain Corps has lied to clergy about opportunities for ministry in the sea services. When new chaplains discover how they are restricted in their ministry by senior chaplains who are jealous of their talents, they become angry and return to civilian life informing their clergy friends about the truth of what they can expect if they become Navy chaplains. The Chaplain Corps has lied to clergy about opportunities for ministry in the sea services. When new chaplains discover how they are restricted in their ministry by senior chaplains who are jealous of their talents, they become angry and return to civilian life informing their clergy friends about the truth of what they can expect if they become Navy chaplains. CAPT Gomulka (Roman Catholic) memo: CAPT Gomulka (Roman Catholic) memo: Navy Chaplain Shortage: In Search of a Solution


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