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Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

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Presentation on theme: "Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

2 Personal Protective Equipment
Provide a barrier between you and the chemical Chemical Protective Equipment (CPE) Level A - vapor w/SCBA (encapsulating suits) Level B - splash w/SCBA (cover skin) Level C - splash w/APR (MMRS Program) Level D - “normal” work clothes

3 Supplied Air Systems Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

4 Positive Pressure Self Contained Breathing Apparatus
Advantages: Provides highest level of protection against airborne contaminates and oxygen deficiency Limitations: Bulky and heavy Limited air supply limits work duration May impair movement in confined spaces Unknown resistance to chemicals

5 Positive Pressure Supplied Air Respirator
Connected to a manifold which is supplied by two or more tanks Possibility of unlimited air supply Less bulky with a longer work time Protects against airborne contaminates to the same level as PP SCBA

6 Positive Pressure Supplied Air Respirator
Air line impairs mobility and limited to 300 feet (OSHA/NIOSH) Air line is vulnerable to damage, degradation, or mechanical decontamination where decontamination might prove difficult. Exit as you entered. Requires supervision / monitoring of air supply and lines. Not approved for IDLH atmospheres unless equipped with an emergency egress unit such as an escape only SCBA with a minimum of five minutes.

7 Air Purifying Respirators
Enhanced mobility, less physical stress, lighter weight Negative pressure operations – can be full face or half face Normally used in controlled, well characterized areas not for emergency response Cartridge respirators-Must select proper cartridge Does not supply fresh air - oxygen levels must be greater than 19.5%


9 Chemical Protective Clothing
Level A (Vapor Protection) Provides responder with highest level of protection Level B (Splash Protection) Provides the responder with the highest level of respiratory protection and protection against contact with product from spills and splashes Level C (Splash Protection) Reduction in the respiratory protection but hazards shall be well characterized (known and measured) to provide use of APR’s.

10 Level A CPE

11 Level B CPE

12 Level C CPE

13 Chemical Protective Clothing
Level D (normal workplace protections) Used much more commonly in routine industrial operations. No NFPA standard garment. May include items such as: Eye Protection Coveralls Boots that are chemically resistant Hard hat Gloves

14 Stresses of Wearing CPC’s
Heat related stresses: Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, Heat Stroke Cold related stresses: Frostbite, Hypothermia Psychological stress: Hazardous area, “Body bag with Windows”

15 Stresses of Wearing CPC’s
NFPA 471 (10.3) (2002 edition) exclusion criteria includes: BP - diastolic pressure greater than 105 mm Hg Pulse - greater than 70% of max (220-age) Respirations - greater than 24 Temp – greater than 99.5 (oral) or core EKG – dysrhythmia not previously detected Mental Status – altered, slurred speech clumsiness, weakness Recent Medical History: Presence of nausea vomiting, diarrhea, fever, URI, heat illness, or heavy alcohol within the past 72 hours. Any alcohol within the past 6 hours New medications within the past 72 hours. Pregnancy

16 Chemical Resistance/Compatibility
Three principle manners by which chemical protective clothing materials can be compromised: Penetration Degradation 3. Permeation




20 Bio Isolation PPEs Cover all skin
Use with respirator and eye protection Should be rated for biological (blood-borne pathogen) protection by manufacture

21 Problems in the Agricultural Setting
Improper Use Using inappropriate concentration (more is better) Mixing compounds together Improper Storage Next flammables No ventilation Stored next to incompatibles Compressed Gasses indoors

22 Problems in the Agricultural Setting
Limited or no PPEs Eye & Face Protection Apron Gloves Respiratory Protection Poor or no Signage/Markings Hazard areas Safe areas

23 Problems in the Agricultural Setting
Limited or no Training PPEs Proper use HAZCOM standard (29 CFR ) No MSDS Don’t know standard No Emergency or Spill Plan Poor Housekeeping Safety equipment not maintained

24 Problems in the Agricultural Setting
Usually a failure of multiple safety processes Complacency Performance before safety Profit before safety (safety to expensive)

25 Example of Spill Procedures When Spill Occurs
Stop operations and equipment Isolate or evacuate area affected Emergency Notification If trained, contain and control spill Provide first aid and assistance to injured Clean up, decontamination

26 Natural Disasters Hurricane/Typhoon Earthquake Tsunami Fire Flood
Disease Outbreak Agriculture Wildlife Human

27 Man Made Disasters Transportation Unintentional Releases Civil Unrest
Terrorism Technological Electrical Communications Water (Fresh and Waste)

28 What is an emergency? An Event that is-- Unplanned Uncontrolled
Chaotic Life, Property or Environmental Threat Requires a rapid response to bring the event under control

29 What is an emergency response?
Rapid or timely mitigation of events Best use of resources Trained personnel Favorably changes the outcome

30 Planned Response Control Notification Have a written plan
Isolation and Quarantine Notification Local, Law Enforcement, National and International Aid Have a written plan Test and Periodically Practice

31 Incident Command System
Management System Who’s in charge? What’s our goals? What’s my tasks? Where do I fit in the organization? Whom do I report?

32 Incident Management Places one person in charge Clarifies objectives
Guides deployment of personnel & resources Organizes personnel & tasks so that IC is not overwhelmed Eases communications & identifies chain of command

33 Incident Management Limits high risk activities & establishes resources to provide immediate assistance Allows for growth and reduction of organizational structure For some emergencies, it is a requirement of law, 29 & 40 CFR Used by the Federal Government (NIMS)

34 Management Concepts Division of Labor
Work is assigned based on functions, equipment available and training/capabilities of personnel Qualified individuals are assigned the proper tasks Lines of Authority Personnel and functional groups know their roles within the organization and their relationship with other personnel participating in the emergency

35 Management Concepts Delegation
Higher level of authority gives personnel or unit an assignment or tasks Authority is delegated but responsibility is still with the IC Unity of Command One immediate supervisor Prevents multiple and conflicting directives

36 Management Concepts Span of Control
Number of personnel or units supervised at one time Emergency operations, 4-7 personnel or units Factors include, degree of difficulty, level of danger, amount of authority given Line Functions - functions directly associated with actual implementation of tasks Staff Functions - functions associated with the support of incident operations or IC

37 Features of ICS Common Terminology uses common language “clear text”
pre-designated language from standard operating procedures Integrated Communications Common communications plan “trunking system” Modular Organization Organizational structure develops as-needed Increases and reduces in size as needed

38 Features of ICS Comprehensive Resource Management
Knows the status of available units Analyses incident requirements and deploys available resources in a well-coordinated effort “Tools in a tool box”, only take out the tools you need to get the job done - need to know what tools are needed and when to use them, in correct combination Single Command Structure (single jurisdiction) Unified Command Structure (multi-jurisdiction or responsibility)

39 Features of ICS Consolidated Action Plans - Unified Command
A single plan of objectives Efforts undertaken are conducted in a coordinated manner Prevents duplication of tasks and contradictory work assignments Designated Incident Facilities Command Post, Staging Area, Rehab Area Transfer of Command Proper procedures to transfer to higher authority

40 Incident Command System
IC & Staff PIO, Safety, Liaison Operations Planning Logistics Finance Division, Group, Branch

41 Incident Command System
IC Public Information Safety Liaison Finance/ Administration Section Operations Section Planning Section Logistics Section FireFighting HAZMAT Ventilation Entry DECON Research

42 Scene Management HAZMAT Sectors Hot Zone - Contaminated area
Warm Zone - Contamination reduction zone or decon area Cold Zone - Contamination Free Zone Safe Zone - to facilitate nuisance free area


44 The Growing Threat of the Agriculture Workplace
Pacific Avian Influenza Training Workshop Carter Davis Pacific EMPRINTS Program

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