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Advanced Defence to 1NT Doubled Defence to 1NT Doubled & 4 th Suit Forcing 4 th Suit Forcing.

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Presentation on theme: "Advanced Defence to 1NT Doubled Defence to 1NT Doubled & 4 th Suit Forcing 4 th Suit Forcing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Advanced Defence to 1NT Doubled Defence to 1NT Doubled & 4 th Suit Forcing 4 th Suit Forcing

2 Defence to 1NT Doubled If partner opens 1NT (12-14 HCP) If partner opens 1NT (12-14 HCP) And opponents double And opponents double Showing 15+ HCP Showing 15+ HCP If we are weak we need an escape If we are weak we need an escape Because 1NT* will be a disaster Because 1NT* will be a disaster After the * our bids are natural After the * our bids are natural So any 2 level bid shows 5 of the suit and is a weak take out So any 2 level bid shows 5 of the suit and is a weak take out But the strong hand becomes dummy But the strong hand becomes dummy

3 Some use exit transfers Redouble (**) transfers to s Redouble (**) transfers to s s transfers to s s transfers to s Opener then completes the transfer Opener then completes the transfer But often we will not have a 5 card suit But often we will not have a 5 card suit There are other better methods There are other better methods The one we will look at is called Helmic The one we will look at is called Helmic

4 Helmic Defence to 1NT* This defence allows an escape with all weak hands except 4333 shape This defence allows an escape with all weak hands except 4333 shape The 4333 shape occurs in theory 10.54% The 4333 shape occurs in theory 10.54% So, every 10 th time partner opens 1NT and it is doubled you will have this shape hand So, every 10 th time partner opens 1NT and it is doubled you will have this shape hand But we can allow for this shape as well using a forcing pass But we can allow for this shape as well using a forcing pass

5 Defence to 1NT doubled With 8+ HCP we are happy to play With 8+ HCP we are happy to play We have at least half the HCP We have at least half the HCP So we would pass the double So we would pass the double With fewer than 8 HCP With fewer than 8 HCP We can re-double We can re-double Or bid a suit Or bid a suit

6 Defence to 1NT doubled If we re-double If we re-double It says It says I have a 5 card suit I have a 5 card suit If we bid a suit If we bid a suit It says It says I have 2 x 4 card suits I have 2 x 4 card suits

7 Defence to 1NT doubled Partner opens 1NT Partner opens 1NT RHO doubles RHO doubles What do we bid? What do we bid? Pass Pass We have 8HCP We have 8HCP And a balance hand And a balance hand Happy to play Happy to play Good luck partner! Good luck partner! A Q K 7 3 J 7 6 T 6 T 8 3

8 Defence to 1NT doubled Partner opens 1NT Partner opens 1NT RHO doubles RHO doubles What do we bid? What do we bid? ** ** We have 4 HCP We have 4 HCP 1NT* is a disaster 1NT* is a disaster Partner will bid 2 Partner will bid 2 To find out which is the 5 card suit To find out which is the 5 card suit And we bid 2 And we bid K 7 3 J 7 6 T

9 With a 5 card suit Re-double the penalty * Re-double the penalty * Opener relays by bidding 2 Opener relays by bidding 2 Then bid the 5 card suit Then bid the 5 card suit Or Pass if it is s Or Pass if it is s You must do this if you have a 5 card suit and fewer than 8 HCP You must do this if you have a 5 card suit and fewer than 8 HCP The weaker you are the more important it is to get out of NT The weaker you are the more important it is to get out of NT

10 Defence to 1NT doubled Partner opens 1NT Partner opens 1NT RHO doubles RHO doubles What do we bid? What do we bid? 2 2 We have 2 HCP We have 2 HCP This bid says This bid says I have 4 s I have 4 s And 4 of a higher suit And 4 of a higher suit T 9 J 7 3 J 7 6 T

11 With 2 x 4 card suits We will be happy to find a 4/3 fit We will be happy to find a 4/3 fit Bid the lower suit Bid the lower suit Opener Passes with 3 or more of the suit Opener Passes with 3 or more of the suit With only 2 of the suit With only 2 of the suit Opener bids the next suit up Opener bids the next suit up NOT a higher 4 card suit NOT a higher 4 card suit Responder may only have 2 cards Responder may only have 2 cards Then responder bids the 2 nd 4 card suit Then responder bids the 2 nd 4 card suit Which is passed by opener Which is passed by opener Or responder passes if the next suit is it Or responder passes if the next suit is it

12 Defence to 1NT doubled Partner opens 1NT Partner opens 1NT RHO doubles RHO doubles What do we bid? What do we bid? Pass Pass We have 2 HCP We have 2 HCP This bid says This bid says I have either 4333 and weak I have either 4333 and weak Or 8+ HCP Or 8+ HCP The Forcing Pass The Forcing Pass T 9 J 7 3 J 7 6 T

13 The Forcing Pass Opener bids 1NT and RHO doubles Opener bids 1NT and RHO doubles Responder passes Responder passes Opener MUST re-double Opener MUST re-double Responder then passes with 8+ HCP Responder then passes with 8+ HCP Now you are playing in game! Now you are playing in game! Or bids 2 with 4333 shape and weak Or bids 2 with 4333 shape and weak Opener bids the longest suit Opener bids the longest suit Which must be at least a 4/3 fit Which must be at least a 4/3 fit

14 Helmic defence to 1NT* If opponents double your 1NT bid If opponents double your 1NT bid They are strong They are strong If you use the escape mechanism and they bid a suit If you use the escape mechanism and they bid a suit Pass and let them play Pass and let them play This is your best outcome This is your best outcome Never try to bid on Never try to bid on You will end up even deeper in the mire! You will end up even deeper in the mire!

15 Helmic defence to 1NT* If you use Helmic and find a fit If you use Helmic and find a fit And opponents then double again And opponents then double again This is also for penalties This is also for penalties Do NOT try to find another fit Do NOT try to find another fit Or bid 2NT Or bid 2NT Things can only get worse Things can only get worse And more painful! And more painful! They will double whatever you bid They will double whatever you bid The suit bid must be better than NT The suit bid must be better than NT

16 Fourth Suit Forcing (FSF) Technique to determine if a NT game is on Technique to determine if a NT game is on When your side bid all 4 suits When your side bid all 4 suits Last bid is above the 1 level Last bid is above the 1 level There is enough for game There is enough for game e.g. 1 P 1 P e.g. 1 P 1 P 2 P 2 2 P 2 Why did responder not bid NT? Why did responder not bid NT? The last bid says: The last bid says: If you have stops in s bid NT otherwise bid another suit. If you have stops in s bid NT otherwise bid another suit.

17 FSF Partner opens 1 Partner opens 1 You bid 2 You bid 2 Partner bids 2 Partner bids 2 You know there is enough for game You know there is enough for game But if partner has no s But if partner has no s NT could be dodgy NT could be dodgy So bid 2 So bid 2 Asking for stops Asking for stops K J J Q 5 A 7 6 Q J 3 7 6

18 FSF Only use this when you have enough for game Only use this when you have enough for game Partner must Alert Partner must Alert Normally played as forcing to game Normally played as forcing to game Partner bids NT with a good stop (A or K) Partner bids NT with a good stop (A or K) Or 2 smaller stops (QJx or JTxx) Or 2 smaller stops (QJx or JTxx) Very useful for avoiding bad NT contracts Very useful for avoiding bad NT contracts

19 FSF 1 Exception 1 Exception 1 P 1 P 1 P 1 P 1 P 1 1 P 1 The responder has a weak 2 suited hand and is trying to find a cheap way out The responder has a weak 2 suited hand and is trying to find a cheap way out If responder had enough for game and wanted to find a NT contract If responder had enough for game and wanted to find a NT contract The FSF bid would be 2 The FSF bid would be 2


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