Presentation on theme: "Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim"— Presentation transcript:
1 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Why does Adonai have this time of remembrance in His Word?What is its end-time purpose?How does this also line up with Chanukah?Why does the Christian Body not celebrate this day?
2 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Hos 4:6 My people are destroyed for want of knowledge. Because you rejected knowledge, I will also reject you as cohen for me. Because you forgot the Torah of your God, I will also forget your children.
3 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim 1Pe 2:4 As you come to him, the living stone, rejected by people but chosen by God and precious to him,1Pe 2:5 you yourselves, as living stones, are being built into a spiritual house to be cohanim set apart for God to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to him through Yeshua the Messiah.1Pe 2:6 This is why the Tanakh says, "Look! I am laying in Tziyon a stone, a chosen and precious cornerstone; and whoever rests his trust on it will certainly not be humiliated."
4 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Why does Adonai give us exact dates on HIS calendar to commemorate things?Is there a Holy Day that we are commanded to give gifts?
5 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Should we give gifts of December 25thOrThe feast in Adonai’s 12 month
6 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Est 9:22 [to commemorate] the days on which the Jews obtained rest from their enemies and the month which for them was turned from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday; they were to make them days of celebrating and rejoicing, sending portions [of food] to each other and giving gifts to the poor.
7 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim The observance of the Adonai feasts, is a public declaration of the truth of the Old Testament Scriptures. And as the Old Testament Scriptures are true.The festival was appointed by authority, yet under the direction of the Spirit of God. It was called the feast of Purim, from a Persian word, which signifies a lot. The name of this festival would remind them of the almighty power of the God of Israel, who served his own purposes by the superstitions of the heathen. In reviewing our mercies, we should advert to former fears and distresses. When our mercies are personal, we should not by forgetfulness lose the comfort of them, or withhold from the Lord the glory due to his name. May the Lord teach us to rejoice, with that holy joy which anticipates and prepares for the blessedness of heaven. Every instance of Divine goodness to ourselves, is a new obligation laid on us to do good, to those especially who most need our bounty. Above all, redemption by Yeshua binds us to be merciful, 2Co_8:9.
8 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim The Famous "Code" in Megillat Esther adapted from Keeping Posted with NCSY, Fall 1999 editionMegilla = Noun. (Yiddish)a long tediously detailed account.the scroll of parchment that containsthe biblical story of Esther"He insisted on giving us the whole megillah"
9 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim We have a tradition that everything in human history is contained in the Torah, which Hashem used as a "blueprint" for the creation of the universe.The Midrash states, "Just as a king wishing to build a palace does not do so arbitrarily, but rather he consults an architect’s plans, so too God looked into the Torah and created the world."If the Torah is a blueprint for the world, then everything in the world should be found in it. The Vilna Gaon, an 18th century scholar, wrote in his "all that was, is, and will be until the end of time is included in the Torah...not just in the general sense, but... (even) the most minute details."For centuries, Jewish sages have been uncovering hidden secrets in the Torah. Following is a famous example, reflecting events in the twentieth century, which is found not in the Chumash (Five Books of Moses), but in Megilla Esther.
10 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim When listing the ten sons of Haman who were hanged (Esther 9:6-10), three letters, namely Taf, Shin, and Zayin, are written smaller than the rest (most printed texts reflect this; if yours doesn’t, look in another). The commentaries offer no explanation for this other than that it is a prophecy. The letters "Taf-Shin-Zayin" represent the Hebrew year 5707, corresponding to the secular year
11 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Est 9:6 At the citadel in Susa the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men,Est 9:7 and Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha,Est 9:8 Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha,Est 9:9 Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai and Vaizatha,Est 9:10 the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews' enemy; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
12 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim On October 16, 1946 (21 Tishrei, 5707) ten convicted Nazi war criminals were hanged in Nuremberg. (An eleventh, Hermann Goering, a transvestite, committed suicide in his cell. The Midrash tells us that Haman also had a daughter who committed suicide.) As if the parallel were not obvious enough without further corroboration, Nazi Julius Streicher’s last words were, "Purimfest 1946."(In case you question the accuracy of Streicher’s last words, they are are well-documented; they appeared in Newsweek, October 28, 1946.)
13 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim It is fairly safe to assume thatStreicher did not know about the threesmall letters in the Megilla,(b) he did not know that these letterscorresponded to the year in which he wasbeing hanged, and(c) even had he known, he would have had no motivation to reinforce the validity of Jewish texts, traditions, or prophecies. One could not ask for a more independent confirmation of the all-encompassing knowledge to be found in the Sifrei Tanach.
14 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Does this day have anything to do withThe end times and the book or Revelation?Rev 7:4 I heard how many were sealed— 144,000 from every tribe of the peopleof Isra'el:Mat 23:38 Look! God is abandoning your house to you, leaving it desolate.Mat 23:39 For I tell you, from now on, you will not see me again until you say, 'Blessed is he who comes in the name of Adonai.' "
17 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Iran in Bible Prophecy “The Prince of Persia” Iran is a nation that figures prominently in the news these days. Tenyears ago (Sept. 2001) after the terrorist attacks upon America, President George Bush mentioned the nation of Iran and depicted it as being one of the notorious members of the now infamous “axis of evil” nations. Still, most people in the West know very little about Iran, and the vast majority of American’s are completely unaware of the history of the US relationship with Iran, and the fact that the region of Iran actually has had a long and significant role in world affairs.While Persia has had ties deeply rooted in world history, the direct American-Iranian relationship only commenced in the late 1930’s. Persia joined the allied forces against Germany in 1943, and thus the World War II Mid-east theatre provided the stage that began the rather brief history of the US-Iranian relationship. It is a relationship that has also undergone a complete about face since the 1970’s. Within the scope of this remarkable turn in geo-political affairs in the international relationship between Iran (Persia) and the United States are a host of highly significant factors relative to the prophesied signs of the times, and imminent world events in these Last Days.It was 2540 years ago that the Old Testament prophet Daniel first came into contact with the empire of the Medes and Persians. On a fateful night in 536BC, while King Belshazzar and his ruling company partied in drunken revelry, Darius, the King of the Medes diverted the Euphrates River and his armies entered into the fortress-palace of Babylon and destroyed it. Thus, as Babylon receded into ancient memory, Persia stepped to the forefront of world power.
18 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Iran in Bible Prophecy “The Prince of Persia”The Ancient History of Elam (Medo-Persia, or Iran)Iran, the land of the Aryans has a long and rich history. Some of the world's most ancient settlements have been excavated in the Caspian region and on the Iranian plateau. Village life began there around 4000 BC. (post Edenic era) The Aryans appeared here about 2000BC and split into two main groups, the Medes and the Persians. But the geographical region that we know today as the modern state of Iran has been dominated in history by five principle powers. The first tribe to dominate this region was the ancient Elamites, or the descendants of Elam. The five contenders for preeminence in Iran for the first 4000 years of its history have included besides the Elamites, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, and finally the Medes and Persians.Elam was a son of Shem and a grandson of Noah. The descendants of Elam established the nation of Elam in the southwestern portion of Iran. Elam was bounded on the north by Media and Assyria, on the east and southeast by Persia, and on the south by the Persian Gulf. The Elamites lived primarily in the area east of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During their history, the Elamites struggled with the Babylonians, the Assyrians, and the Persians for domination of the Mesopotamian region of the ancient world. The great Babylonian dynasty of UR (Abraham’s original home) was brought to an end about 1950 BC by the Elamites, who destroyed the city and took its king prisoner. The capital of Elam during its entire history was Shushan (Susa). Susa was always the pride and joy of the Elamites and later under the Persians. Susa was a city that stood for 5000 years until it was totally sacked and raised to the ground by the Mongols in the 13th century AD. The site is present-day Shush, about 240 kilometers (150 miles) north of the Persian Gulf.
19 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim The messenger angel who came to bring the interpretation of Dani'el/Daniel's vision (Daniel 10:10-12). He is not named in the passage.The prince of Persia. This is evidently a fallen angel working under the direction of satan who operates as the "god of this world" (2 Corinthians 4:4). The prince of Persia withstood the messenger angel for twenty-one days (Daniel 10:13) and hindered him from coming to Dani'el. By this we know that the prince of Persia is of the evil one. This should not be surprising since Sh’aul warned us, " For we are not struggling against human beings, but against the rulers, authorities and cosmic powers governing this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realm. (Ephesians 6:12). Principalities refer to the rule of princes. The prince of Persia was one of these principalities.Mikha'el, one of the chief princes. Mikha'el comes to the rescue of the messenger angel and relieves him for a time so that he might bring the interpretation of the vision (Daniel 10:13-14). So, who is Mikha'el?
20 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim In Jude 1:9 , Mikha'el is called "the archangel" and he personally contends with the devil. In speaking to Dani'el, the messenger angel calls him, " Mikha'el your prince." The personal pronoun "your" is plural (something that is not distinguished in modern English versions). Therefore, Daniel was not being told that Mikha'el was his own personal angel. Rather, Mikha'el was the angel of Daniel's people. He was the prince of Israel. In Dani'el 12:1, Mikha'el is called " Mikha'el, the great prince who champions your people." It only makes sense that God would take His most powerful angel and put him in charge of his chosen people. The prince of Greece. His coming is prophesied by the messenger angel: ""Do you know why I came to you? Although now I must return to fight the prince of Persia; and when I leave, the prince of Greece will come; ." The prince of Greece would be another of satan's mighty princes and he will direct the ways of Greece when it becomes the main world empire.
21 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim PERSIA:An empire which extended from India to Ethiopia, comprising one hundred and twenty-seven provinces, (Daniel 6), Esth. 1:1;Government of, restricted by constitutional limitations, Esth. 8:8; (Daniel 6:8-12).Municipal governments in, provided with dual governors, Neh. 3:9, 12, 16-18.The princes advisory in matters of administration, (Daniel 6:1-7).Israel captive in, 2 Chr. 36:20;captivity foretold, Hos. 13:16.Men of, in the Tyrian army, Ezek. 27:10.Rulers of: Ahasuerus, Esth. 1:3.Darius, Dan. 5:31; 6; 9:1.Artaxerxes I, Ezra 4:7-24 .Artaxerxes II, Ezra 7; Neh. 2; 5:14.Cyrus, (2 Chr. 36:22), (2 Chr. 36:23), Ezra 1; 3:7; 4:3; 5:13, 5:14, 5:17; 6:3; Isa. 41:2, 41:3; 44:28; (Isaiah 45:1-8), 13; 46:11; 48:14, 15.Princes of, Esth. 1:14.System of justice, Ezra 7:11-26.Prophecies concerning, Isa. 13: 17; 21:1-10; Jer. 49:34-39; 51:11-64; Ezek. 32:24, 25; 38:5; Dan. 2:31-45; 5:28; 7; 8; 11:1-4.
22 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim The festival known as Purim (say "Poo-reem") is not one of the biblicallymandated feasts found within the listing of Leviticus chapter 23.This feast and its beginnings are found within the secular book of Ester (Esther). Yes, Ester is called a secular book because the name of HaShem is nowhere to be found within it. To be sure, the scroll of Ester, also called the Megillah of Ester, is not considered a sacred scroll, and therefore, may be handled by "common" folk.This scroll is often decorated to commemorate the festive story found within.
23 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Est 9:23 So the Jews took it upon themselves to continue what they had already begun to do, and as Mordekhai had written to them;Est 9:24 because Haman the son of Hamdata the Agagi, the enemy of the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them and had thrown pur (that is, "cast lots") to crush and destroy them;Est 9:25 but when Ester came before the king, he ordered by letters that [Haman's] wicked scheme, which he had plotted against the Jews, should recoil on his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.Est 9:26 This is why these days have been called Purim, after the word pur. Thus, because of everything written in this letter, and what they had seen concerning this matter, and what had come upon them,Est 9:27 the Jews resolved and took upon themselves, their descendants and all who might join them that without fail they would observe these two days in accordance with what was written in [this letter] and at the appointed time, every year;Est 9:28 and that these days would be remembered and observed throughout every generation, every family, every province and every city; and that these days of Purim would never cease among the Jews or their memory be lost by their descendants.
24 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim With the above supplied verses providing us with the biblical reference to Purim, let's turn to a historical background treatment of this holiday. Most scholars place the incidents of the book of Ester around 470 B.C. This coincided with the events and locations of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. Some have even suggested Ezra or Nehemiah as the author, although Mordekhai has been the traditional candidate.The story surely takes place when the tribes of Isra'el (designated as Y'hudah) were exiled to Bavli (Babylon). Thus, the people were already in despair as the events of the book of Ester unfold.
25 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim If Amalak hadn’t aligned themselves against God’s chosen people, the bitter ongoing war with them would not have produced a people who would forever be identified as the “enemies of the Jews” (read Exodus 17:8-15).2. If king Sha’ul had destroyed all of the Amalakites (whom the sages teach was completely assembled together that day) as HaShem had ordered him to (read 1Samuel chapter 15), then there would not have even been born a Haman, descendant of that wicked King Agag (see Ester 3:1,where we learnthat Haman is a descendant of Agag).
26 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 1:The party V1-7V8 a rule but not rule to drink heavilyV 9-12 the Vashti incidentV13-21 how to deal with VashtiV 22 the letters went out in each people’s language
27 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 2:1-4 looking for the new queenV5 Enter Mordekhai (Tribe of Benyamin)6-7 why the Jews were there in exile8-10 the pageant11 Mordekhai cares15 Ester takes advice16-17 time frame and the crown19-23 the big evil plan against the king
28 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 3:1 Haman enters the picture2-5 Morty would now bow and the anger6-7 the big plot to kill the Jews9-15 the payoff of the king, the letters
29 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 4:A) 1-4Mordekhai learned everything that had been doneB) 5-9 Ester summoned Hatakh10-11 man or woman, approaches the kingREAD VERY IMPORTANT
30 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 5:A) Est 5:1 On the third dayB) 2-5 Winning favor up to half the kingdom. Haman is happyC) 9 hatred overpowers Haman Haman was infuriated with Mordekhai.D) Have a gallows
31 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 6:1-4 the king couldn't sleep5-9 Haman came in. The king said to himfor Mordekhai the Jew, who sits at the King's Gate13-14 Haman unaware
32 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 7:1-4 Queen Ester's banquet; “up to half the kingdom”5-7 king finds out8-9 Haman had just fallen on the couch where Ester10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows he had prepared for Mordekhai
33 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 8:1-2 King Achashverosh gave the house of Haman3-6 she fell at his feet and begged him with tears7-10 to each province in its script and to each people in their language, also to the Jews in their script and language.11-17 "to assemble and defend their lives
34 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 9:1-6 thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar,7 They put to death the ten sons of Haman11-21 rejoice19 a day for celebrating and rejoicing,27-32 observance of these days of Purim at their designated times
35 Feast of Ester or The Feast of Purim Chapter overview:Chapter 10:Annals of the Kings of Media and Persia
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