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Slips, Trips, and Falls
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Session Objectives You will be able to: Identify slip, trip, and fall hazards at work Understand safety specifications and features of walking surfaces and openings Use stairs and ladders safely to avoid falls Avoid and eliminate slip and trip hazards
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Injury Statistics 265,000 nonfatal injuries from slips, trips, and falls annually result in one or more days away from work per incident Slips, trips, and falls result in 17% of all nonfatal workplace injuries per year, the highest injury rate of any regulated activity
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Slip, Trip, and Fall Hazards Power cords, ropes, hoses across floors and walkways Open-sided floors and platforms Clutter in walkways Floor and wall holes and openings Open pits, tanks, vats, and ditches Wet floors
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Open-Sided Floors and Platforms All floors and platforms 4 feet above ground must be guarded Standard guard rails are required Toeboards protect workers below Toeboards protect machinery below Image credit: OSHA
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Guarding Holes and Openings Holemeasures 1 to 12 inches wide Openinggreater than 12 inches wide Guard with standard railing Cover the hole or opening Attend the hole or protect with toeboard Image credit: MSHA.gov
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Guarding Stairway and Ladder Floor Openings Guard by railing on exposed sides Entrance may be open Recommend a swing gate Cover the opening
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Image credit:Ini.wa.gov/Safety Guarding Hatchway and Chute Floor Openings Maintain a sturdy hinged cover Removable railing Fence off the area under the opening Use audible alarm when dropping materials through openings Guard skylights with screen or railing
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Wall Openings 30 inches high and 18 inches wide A person could fall through If drop of more than 4 feet, guard with rail, roller, fence, door Install toeboard to protect against falling hazards Image credit: OSHA.gov
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Guardrails Top rail42 inches Midrail21 inches Toeboard4 inches high Must withstand reasonable force to prevent worker from falling
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Aisles and Passageways Keep clear for material handling equipment Mark permanent aisles Heavy-traffic passage- ways must be equipped with pedestrian walkways
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Floor Load Rating Post load ratings Mark plates covering floor openings Mark aboveground walkways Never exceed load rating limit
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Walking Surfaces and OpeningsQuestions? Do you have any questions about open- sided floors, floor holes and openings, aisles, or floor load ratings?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Use Stairs Safety Use handrails Walkdont run Inspect for slippery surfaces or damaged steps Do not put objects on steps
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Use Fixed Ladders Safely Permanently attached Cages needed if climbing height greater than 20 feet Maximum unbroken length or height of 30 feet Use ladder safety devices
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Set Up a Ladder With Safety in Mind Put it on a level surface Angle the ladder properly use the 4 to 1 rule Secure the bottom Extend 3 feet above the upper landing Anchor the ladder at the top Image credit: State of WA-WISHA Services
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Climb Ladders Safely Face the ladder Climb with both hands Use a tool belt or bucket hanger Keep your weight centered Dont stand on the top two rungs or steps of a stepladder
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Inspect Ladders Make sure rungs are in good condition and clean Make sure ladder locks function correctly Use a nonconductive ladder around electrical equipment Ladder feet should be antislip material
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Stairs and Ladders Any Questions? Any questions about safety procedures for stairs and ladders?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Keep Walking and Working Surfaces Clear and Clean Keep workroom floors clean and dry Maintain a clean and orderly work area
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Eliminate Trip Hazards Pick up tools, materials, and trash Pick up or walk around obstructions Report dangerous walking and working surfaces Keep file drawers closed Keep power cords out of walkways
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Eliminate Slip Hazards Clean up liquids Sweep up debris and dust Stop and repair leaks Install absorbent around wet processes Use warning signs or cones
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Wear Slip-Resistant Shoes Street shoes not intended for slip resistance Soft rubber sole for slip resistance Sole tread with channels Still need to walk carefully
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Be Alert, Use Common Sense Be aware of the hazards Pay attention to where you are going Adjust your stride according to the walking surface Make wide turns at corners Dont block your vision when carrying items
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Slip and Trip Safety Any Questions? Any questions about slip and trip hazards of walking and working surfaces?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc Key Things to Remember Check for unguarded openings Keep walkways free of hazards Use stairs and ladders safely Prevent slip and trip hazards
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