Presentation on theme: "Etruscan Art Early Etruscan Art"— Presentation transcript:
1 Etruscan Art Early Etruscan Art Etruscan Classical and Hellenistic PeriodsLater Etruscan ArtClick the Etruscan temple at anytime to take you home
2 Etruscan Art Acroterion in architecture, decorative pedestal for an ornament or statue placed atop the pediment of a Greek temple; the term has also been extended to refer to the statue or ornament that stands on the pedestal.FibulaA decorative pin, usually used to fasten garments.GranulationA decorative technique in which tiny metal balls (granules) are fused to a metal surface.Necropolis“City of the dead,” or burial area for a living city.TumulusBurial mound that covers one or more subterranean multichambered tombs cut out of the local tufa (limestone).
3 Four important Etruscan settlements. Tarquinia (Tarquinii)Cerveteri (Caere)VulciVeii
6 The column used on Etruscan temples looks similar to the Doric type of Greek column How was an Etruscan temple entered from the front onlyModels of Etruscan templesas described by Vitruviusca. 6th century B.C.E.
7 The Etruscan temple differed from the Greek temple because it had three cellas
8 Etruscans temples were built of wood and brick Greek templeStone columns and stone roofWalls of stoneColumns and steps usually went around all four sides; front and rear indistinguishableGreek columns were stone, fluted, and without bases.Etruscan templeWooden columns and wooden roofWalls of sun-dried brickColumns and steps restricted to the front of the templeEtruscan columns were wood, unfluted, and had bases.Etruscans temples were built of wood and brick
9 Stylistic characteristics of the Apula (Apollo) from Veii Huge force and swelling contours of the garment.Gesticulating arms and animated face.Fanlike calf muscles.Originally placed at the top of the Portonaccio sanctuary temple roof at Veii.Most architectural sculpture was made to decorate the roof of the Etruscan templeThe Apulu of Veii was originally located on a temple roofApulu (Apollo)from the Portonaccio Temple, Veii, Italyca B.C.E.painted terracotta71 in. high
10 Favorite materials of Etruscan sculptors was Terracotta, which was often painted, and later bronze. Apulu (Apollo)from the Portonaccio Temple, Veii, Italyca B.C.E.painted terracotta71 in. high
11 from the Portonaccio Temple, Veii, Italy Apulu (Apollo)from the Portonaccio Temple, Veii, Italyca B.C.E.painted terracotta71 in. high
13 Important Etruscan tombs were discovered at Caere (Cerveteri) Terracotta life-sized reclining figures are found on Etruscan SarcophagiSarcophagus with reclining couplefrom Cerveteri, Italyca. 520 B.C.E.painted terracotta45 1/2 in. high
14 Sarcophagus with reclining couple from Cerveteri, Italy ca. 520 B.C.E.painted terracotta45 1/2 in. high
15 Tumulusfrom Cerveteri, Italy7th to 2nd centuries B.C.E.
16 Tumuli in the Banditaccia necropolis from Cerveteri, Italy 7th to 2nd centuries B.C.E.
17 Plan of the Tomb of the Shields and Chairs Cerveteri, Italy 2nd half of the 6th century B.C.E.
18 Interior of the tomb of the reliefs Cerveteri, Italy 3rd century B.C.E.
20 Etruscan Classical and Hellenistic Periods Tarquinia
21 The wall painting in the Tomb of the Leopards portrays which of the following banqueters and musiciansInterior of the Tomb of the LeopardsTarquinia, Italyca B.C.E.
22 Double-flute player, detail of a mural painting in the Tomb of the Leopards Tarquinia, Italyca B.C.E.
23 Later Etruscan Art Arcuated gateway Chimera Cista Voussoir Arezzo Rome PerugiaTarquinia CortonaArcuated gatewayAn arch-shaped gateway.ChimeraA monster with the head and body of a lion and the tail of a serpent. A goat head grows out of one side of the body.CistaAn Etruscan cylindrical container made of sheet bronze with cast handles and feet, often with elaborately carved bodies, used for women’s toilet articles.VoussoirA wedge-shaped block used in the construction of a true arch. The central voussoir is the keystone.
28 The Capitoline Wolf was made for the new Roman Republic after the expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus, but was not made by the Romans, who did not have a distinct identity at that time. It was made in an Etruscan workshop (and the suckling infants are a Renaissance addition). The animal is represented with as much intensity and vitality as the Etruscan sculptures of people.Capitoline Wolffrom Rome, Italyca B.C.E.bronze31 1/2 in. high
30 Etruscan artisans particularly excelled at metalworking Medium and technique used for decorating The Ficoroni Cistt;It is engraved on a sheet of bronze formed into a cylinder, with cast handles and feet.The Ficoroni Cista is decorated with mythical scenes of the ArgonautsThe Ficoroni Cista. Bronze. Late 4th century B.C. Height approx. 75 cm. Rome, National Museum of Villa Julia.
31 The Gate of Mars in Perugia includes an arch pilasters, voussoirs, Porta Marzia (Gate of Mars)Perugia, Italy2nd century B.C.E.
32 Late Etruscan sarcophagi were made of stone. Sarcophagus of Lars Pulena Tarquinia is different from the reclining couple because the deceased is not with his wife, nor is he at a banquet as in the older sarcophagus. He is somber instead of smiling and confident, perhaps an indication of the less prosperous Etrurian age.Late Etruscan sarcophagi were made of stone.Sarcophagus with reclining couplefrom Cerveteri, ItalyFigure 9-15 Sarcophagus of Lars Pulena, from Tarquinia, Italy, early second century BCE. Tufa, 6’ 6” long. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Tarquinia.
33 The deceased is shown in the underworld and is being attacked by two death demons (charuns) with hammers. Considering the Etruscans furnished their tumuli with colorful home-like accessories, this a gloomy prediction of the afterlife. It was at this time the Etruscan villages were either being destroyed by the Romans or being forced to ally with them.
34 Aule Metele is the best example that illustrates the influence of Roman art on Etruscan sculpture. Two features of the magnificent bronze figure of Aule Matele that show Roman influence;Aule Metele wears the short toga and high laced boots of a Roman magistrate.His close-cropped hairstyle and the signs of age in his face resemble portraits made in Rome at that time.The Etruscan figural style can best be described as possessing motion and vitalityPortrait of Augustus as generalfrom Primaporta, Italyca. 20 B.C.E. marble 80 in. highAule Metelefrom Cortona, ItalyEarly 1st century B.C.E. bronze 5 ft. 7 in. high