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Stephen Pomes, Librarian U.S. Dept. of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement Louisiana Library Association – March.

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Presentation on theme: "Stephen Pomes, Librarian U.S. Dept. of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement Louisiana Library Association – March."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stephen Pomes, Librarian U.S. Dept. of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement Louisiana Library Association – March 2011 LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

2 LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

3 Worry about information overload has become one of the drumbeats of our time. The worlds books are being digitized, online magazines and newspapers and academic papers are steadily augmented by an endless stream of blog posts and Twitter feeds; and the gadgets to keep us participating in the digital deluge are more numerous and sophisticated. The total amount of information created on the worlds electronic devices is expected to surpass the zettabyte mark this year (a barely conceivable 1 with 21 zeroes after it). – Ann Blair. Information Overload, the Early Years. Boston Globe. 27 November Web. 10 March LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

4 The periodicals strictly concerned with physics were around 800 in number in 1968 (there were 200 in 1920). The rate of growth of the number of titles has been roughly linear, on the average of 12 per annum. (Currently Physics Abstracts obtains its input by scanning some 1600 periodicals.) On the other hand, the number of abstracts in PA has grown exponentially, doubling approximately every 8 years….A selection of the absolute figures for abstracts in PA follows: 1921 – 2,010 … 1951 – 9,200 … 1960 – 21,405 … 1972 – 85,185 - H. Coblans. The Literature of Physics: Its Structure and Control. Use of Physics Literature. Ed. H. Coblans. London: Butterworths, (p ) LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

5 The literature of economics is currently growing at a compound rate of about five and a half per cent a year. New journals devoted to specific aspects of economics are born each year, and due to the consistently large supply of journal articles the mortality rate of economics journals is abnormally low…Doctoral dissertations completed in American universities and listed in American Economic Review annually have increased sevenfold from 1928 to 1969…With the established academic principle of publish or perish this gives rise to an even greater supply of publishable material: a vicious spiral of new publications. - John Fletcher. Introduction. The Use of Economics Literature. Ed. John Fletcher. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, (p. 1) LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

6 Today, for example, the number of scientific journals and articles is doubling, like industrial production in the advanced countries, about every fifteen years, and according to biochemist Philip Siekevitz, what has been learned in the last three decades about the nature of living beings dwarfs in extent of knowledge any comparable period of scientific discovery in the history of mankind. Today the United States government alone generates 100,000 reports each year, plus 450,000 articles, books, and papers. On a worldwide basis, scientific and technical literature mounts at a rate of some 60,000,000 pages a year. - Alvin Toffler. Future Shock. New York: Random House, (p. 31) LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

7 The root of most difficulties in libraries of science and technology lies in the extraordinary increase in the volume of scientific literature. The massive volume of publications, the crucial relation of scientific literature to progress in scientific research, and the need for effective chains of inquiry in our system of scientific communication, will all continue to be vital factors in library service even after the crisis is past. A great deal is at stake: the alternatives of experiments and observations, recorded in the literature, leading on to new experiments and observations in ever widening circles-the normal process of scientific research-or intellectual strangulation. The possibilities of the latter seem quite remote, but the former, too, is far from being realized to its full potentialities. The costliness of the horse-and-buggy techniques being used for the collection, organization and utilization of scientific literature is now realized, however, and this fact alone is a harbinger of better days ahead. Herman H. Henkle. Crisis in Libraries of Science and Technology. Library Trends 1.2 (1952): (pg. 210 and pg. 217) LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

8 Of making many books there is no end. How fit is this to be a motto for the present state of literature, when the press groans with voluminous labours, and booksellers are adding warehouse to warehouse to add them. - M. N. Of Making Many Books There is No End: A Rhapsody. The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure. Vol. 97 (July 1795). (p. 15) LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

9 Is there anywhere on earth exempt from these swarms of new books? Érasme and William W. Barker. The Adages of Erasmus. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, (p. 145) LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

10 And in reading of many books is distraction. Accordingly, since you cannot read all the books which you may possess, it is enough to possess only as many books as you can read. Lucius A. Seneca and Richard M. Gummere. Ad Lucilium Epistulae Morales. Vol. 1. London: W. Heinemann, (p. 6) LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

11 Of Making Many Books There Is No End, And Much Study Wearies the Body. Ecclesiastes 12:12 LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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13 Copernicus Publications publishes a variety of peer-reviewed open access journals. Published open access journals since Publishes journals primarily in the physical sciences and geosciences. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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15 Hindawi publishes over 200 peer-reviewed open access journals, covering a wide variety of disciplines. The Publisher has offices in Nasr City, Cairo and in New York City. Founded in Since 2007 has had a partnership with Sage Publications. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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17 Ivyspring International Publisher publishes peer- reviewed open access journals in the biological and medical sciences. Smaller publisher – has only five journals. Based in Wyoming, New South Wales, Australia. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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19 The publisher Libertas Academica specializes in peer- reviewed open access journals dealing with scientific, technical, biological, and medical fields. Founded in Based in Auckland, New Zealand. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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21 MDPI publishes peer-reviewed open access journals in a variety of disciplines including biological sciences, social sciences, medical sciences, engineering disciplines, and other fields. Formerly known as Molecular Diversity Preservation International. Started in Based in Basel, Switzerland. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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23 Publishes peer-reviewed open access journals in science, technology, and medicine. Founded in about 1999 – publishers website speaks of …having a learning curve of over 12 years in scientific journal publications and management of more than 135 print+online journals. Based in Mumbai, India LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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26 Search Engines Google Google Scholar LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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30 Directory of Open Access Journals - Product of Lund University Libraries As of March 2011: Has entries and links for over 6,200 journals Over 2,700 journals that are searchable at the article level Over 530,000 articles are included in the DOAJ service LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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32 African Journals OnLine (AJOL) is an online service to provide access to African-published research, and increase worldwide knowledge of indigenous scholarship. AJOL is a Non Profit Organisation based in South Africa. AJOL has links to over 400 journal titles. Some – but not all – journals have full-text available. Availability to many of the journals is limited to developing countries. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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34 This service has been developed at the Universitätsbibliothek Regensburg (University Library of Regensburg) in cooperation with the Universitätsbibliothek der Technischen Universität München (University Library of the Technical University of Munich). Provides links and access to over 50,000 journal titles. Of the over 50,000 journals, over 27,000 are open access. Started in regensburg.de/ezeit/index.phtml?bibid=AAAAA&colors=7&lang=en LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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45 Maintained by the University of Hong Kong Libraries. Issues included in this database vary from journal to journal with the earliest going back to At its first release, more than 170,000 images from over 40 titles will be accessible on the database. In some respects, this site resembles JSTOR, as the coverage ends after a certain date. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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49 Sometimes open access journals are available on several sites. Depending upon the site, coverage may vary. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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53 This portal is supported by the Ministry of Science Education and Sports, developed and maintained by the University Computing Centre and was initiated by the Croatian Information and Documentation Society. Over 240 journals. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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58 Maintained at the University of Skövde (Sweden). Last updated in July LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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63 Brazilian site – maintained by Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear. Various search options New to me, so I cannot speak about its functionality LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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66 Based on Bangalore, India. Open J-Gate is an electronic gateway to global journal literature in open access domain. Launched in 2006, Open J-Gate is the contribution of Informatics (India) Ltd to promote OAI. Open J- Gate provides seamless access to millions of journal articles available online. Open J-Gate is also a database of journal literature, indexed from 8407 open access journals, with links to full text at Publisher sites. Useful for locating Japanese scholarly journals. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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69 Worldcat.org provides links and access to open access journals and other open access publictions Provides cataloging and metadata information. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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72 PANDORA, Australia's Web Archive, is a growing collection of Australian online publications, established initially by the National Library of Australia in 1996, and now built in collaboration with nine other Australian libraries and cultural collecting organizations. Includes magazines, journals, and other publications. Interfaces with the Trove project. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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79 Major research institute in Belgium. Focused on marine sciences and coastal issues. Open Marine Archive provides full-text of publications from staff members of the Institute. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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84 My library uses MARC, so my examples relate to MARC LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

85 See my earlier slide! LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

86 CSIRO Library Simultaneous Search KaRo - Distributed Catalogue of Polish Libraries University of Karlsruhe Library – Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog All of the above systems search multiple OPACs simultaneously. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

87 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is Australias national government body for scientific research. The CSIRO has a network of libraries with a union catalog. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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94 The Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog KVK is a meta search interface which allows you to access library and book trade catalogs online via Internet. KVK starts a simultaneous search in the catalogs and gives you a standardized hit list. As the Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog does not have a own database it depends on the availability of the target systems. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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99 KaRo is a distributed catalogue of Polish libraries based on the Z39.50 protocol. It is a complementary tool to the Polish Union catalogue NUKAT. The system is installed in the Information & Communication Technology Centre of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun. LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior

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102 For more information, please contact Stephen Pomes LLA -- March 2011Stephen Pomes -- U.S. Dept. of the Interior


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