Presentation on theme: "COMENIUS HERITAGE Teacher Training Programme – School project University of Ostrava – Jana Kapounová, Jelena Petrucijová Basic school Karviná-Mizerov –"— Presentation transcript:
COMENIUS HERITAGE Teacher Training Programme – School project University of Ostrava – Jana Kapounová, Jelena Petrucijová Basic school Karviná-Mizerov – Aleš Homan Basic school Karviná-Nové Město – Jan Kodenko, Eva Vejmolová Czech Republic
Jan Amos Komenský Iohannes Amos Comenius March 28, 1592 – November 15, 1670 Czech teacher scientist educator writer Unity of the Brethren/Moravian Protestant bishop religious refugee defender of universal education known as the teacher of nations
Johan Amos Comenius 1592–1671 ORBIS PICTUS (1658) Veni, Puer! disce Sapere. Come Boy! learn to be wise.
Life (1) 28. 3. 1592 born in Moravia (the birthplace of Comenius is not known; there are three possible locations) –early orphaned (1604) education: –1608–11 Academy of Unity of the Brethren (Přerov) –1611–14 Academy at Herborn and the University of Heidelberg from 1614 – pastor and school principal in towns Přerov, Fulnek – near Ostrava (1618 the Thirty Years war began) after 1620 – persecuted under the Counter Reformation, was a fugitive in his own country (his young wife and two children died of the plague 1622) 1628 – fled Moravia to Poland, in Leszno led gymnasium
Life (2) lived and worked in many different countries in Europe: Sweden, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Transylvania, the Holy Roman Empire, England, the Netherlands, Royal Hungary 1641–42 England (family de Geer) 1642–48 Elblag (Polish Royal Prussia) 1648 Peace of Westphalia (end of the Thirty Years' War); his second wife died, leaving him with four children 1649 married with the third wife 1648–50 in Leszno 1650–56 Sárospatak, Leszno (his manuscripts and the schools printing press were burned down) 1656–70 Amstedam, buried in Naarden (his grave can be visited in the mausoleum devoted to him).
Historical context the end of the 16 th up until the first half of the 17 th century Late Renaissance, Reformation and Counter- Reformation 3 main periods of Comenius philosophy –1614-1622: the World is a stage - Theatrum universitatis rerum –1622-1627: the World is a Labyrinth - Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart –1628-1670: the World is a place for remedy - The General Deliberation on the Remedy of Human Matters
Work Czech poetry, ancient wisdoms, Czech dictionary theological works, psalm, liturgical songs, etc. Didactical works (Opera didactica omnia) Theatrum universitatis rerum Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart The General Deliberation on the Remedy of Human Matters (De rerum humanarum emendatione consultatio catholica) Gate of languages (Janua linguarum reserata) World in pictures (Orbis sensualium pictus) Learning by Play (Schola ludus) Didactica Magna …
School project historical framework – the Lands of Bohemia Crown before and after the Battle of Bílá Hora (in 1620) Comenius – the Teacher of Nations -Comenius as a reformer – he endeavour at universal improvement of human kind be traced -Comenius as a pedagogue – human life is able, willing and glad to be fully occupied throughout every part and stage of its existence, if it is rightly directed -Comenius as a didactic – everybody should be educated Comenius heritage and its importance in 21 st century
COMENIUS AND HIS TIME The Gateway of Things – different spheres of Comeniuss work: –Astronomy, Diplomacy, Philology, Philosophy, History, Cartography, Literature, Nature, Education, Technology, Theology, Theatre Back to the Roots: –historical context of the time: historical and biographical section through the Europe and the Czech state from the end of the 16th up until the first half of the 17th century The Fount of Understanding: –the world is becoming a Labyrinth in which a pilgrim is wandering and try to find a Paths to the remedy of mankinds situation
COMENIUSS HERITAGE FOR THE PRESENT DAY Comenius to Pedagogy Learning by Play Comenius to the Mankind The General Deliberation on the Remedy of Human Matters Panegersia – The General Awakening Panaugia – The Path of General Light Pansophia – The General Wisdom Pampaedia – The General Refinement of Minds Panglottia – The General Refinement of Languages Panorthosia – The General Remedy Pannuthesia – The General Encouragement