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© Q-Point BV Good Agricultural Practices - EUREPGAP Inge Neessen 16 May 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "© Q-Point BV Good Agricultural Practices - EUREPGAP Inge Neessen 16 May 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Q-Point BV Good Agricultural Practices - EUREPGAP Inge Neessen 16 May 2005

2 © Q-Point BV The Program Background and overview Good Agricultural Practice-Verification Who is working with GAP? Current situation Future development Verification-process options Requirements

3 © Q-Point BV 1.Traceability 2.Record keeping 3.Varieties and rootstocks 4.Site history and management 5.Soil and substrate management 6.Fertiliser use GAP EUREPGAP 7. Irrigation/fertigation 8. Crop protection 9. Harvesting 10. Produce handling 11. Waste and pollution man. 12. Worker health and safety 13. Environmental issues 14. Complaint form

4 © Q-Point BV Reasons for EUREPGAP? Consumers Conscience increases: –Food safety –Environment –Welfare of the employess Increasing demand for process control –Product liability –Due diligence Unregulated growth of quality-systems

5 © Q-Point BV Reasons for EUREPGAP Forces for Change: Food scares (BSE, dioxin, residues) Concerns on GMO Consumer Evironmental Awareness Pressure / Lobby groups Media Environmental / Food Safety Legislation

6 © Q-Point BV

7 What do retailers want from producers? Transparency!! Insight in production process Traceability Product liability

8 © Q-Point BV Relation between systems GrowerPackerExporterImporter Wholesaler Supermarket EUREP- GAP HACCPBRC IFS HACCP

9 © Q-Point BV EUREP Euro-Retailer Working Group on Fresh Produce Started in 1997 Represents leading food retailers, (now 32) Launch of EUREPGAP in 1999 in Paris 2001: Foodplus = global body (owner of document and secretariat)

10 © Q-Point BV What is EUREPGAP? Good Agricultural Practice: Framework with minimum standards for horticultural products EUREPGAP is an accredited set of normative documents for international certification. The documents are developed by representatives from all stages of the food chain world-wide.

11 © Q-Point BV Development since 2000 Livestock (cattle, lamb, pig, Implementation beginning 2003 poultry, dairy) Development since 2001 Feed and Combinable Crops Implementation beginning 2003 Scope and history of Development since 1997 Fresh Fruits & Vegetables Implementation since 2001 Farm ProductionPre-Farm Gate NOT Packing/Processing /Transport Development since 2001 Flowers and Ornamentals Implementation beginning 2003

12 © Q-Point BV EUREP retail members

13 © Q-Point BV Supplier Members

14 © Q-Point BV

15 Supplier members

16 © Q-Point BV Achievements Fruit and Vegetables More than growers, more than ha certified (more than 60 countries) 32 Retail members individually committed Over 120 supplier members 80 Certification Bodies approved 5 schemes approved by benchmarking EurepGAP database

17 © Q-Point BV EUREPGAP-guidelines –3 levels: major must, minor must, recommendation –Based on national legislation –Food safety, sustainability, worker welfare and environment

18 © Q-Point BV Who is working with GAP? Primary Producers Retailers Grower-associations Traders-organisations Trade (import/export)

19 © Q-Point BV Who is who? EUREPGAP Members EUREPGAP Council –30 members, wide representation: NGOs, Consumer organisations, suppliers, retailers, FAO, Certifiers, accreditors EUREPGAP Board –3 retailers, 3 suppliers, independent chairperson Technical Standards Committees –8 members – 3 retail, 3 suppliers, 1 science, 1 certifier * Fruit and Vegetables * IFA

20 © Q-Point BV Who does what to who? EUREPGAP (Food Plus): Licenses use of EUREPGAP Standard and EUREPGAP name Certification Body: Certifies growers against EUREPGAP Standard Growers

21 © Q-Point BV Who does what to who? EUREPGAP Licenses use of EUREPGAP Standard and EUREPGAP name Certification Body –Accreditation body (e.g. RvA) –Approves competency of certification Body (to EN45001 or ISO Guide 65) Certifies growers against EUREPGAP Standard Growers

22 © Q-Point BV EUREPGAP licence / certificate options a.Option 1: Individual grower/farmer b.Option 2: Groups c.Option 3: National

23 © Q-Point BV Option 1 – Individual grower applying for EUREPGAP Certified by approved Certification Body -Certificate issue -Certificate suspension and withdrawel Annual inspection -1 announced per annum (minumum) -10% unannounced random audits or inspection

24 © Q-Point BV Option 1 – Individual grower applying for EUREPGAP Individual inspector and auditor qualification EUREPGAP Farm inspection report format Reporting in English

25 © Q-Point BV Option 2 – Produce Marketing Organisation (PMO) or Grower Organisation applying for EUREPGAP Approved Certification Body: complies with EN 45011/ISO Guide 65 PMO has a written control and procedures manual Registered farms under the same system All farms are audited either internally or by external auditor

26 © Q-Point BV Option 2 – Produce Marketing Organisation (PMO) or Grower Organisation applying for EUREPGAP Internal audit includes all control points of EUREPGAP each year Certification Body verification –Annual System check –Shadow audit of internal inspectors (Square Root of number) –Audit of Growers – IAF guidance –10% unannounced audits

27 © Q-Point BV Option 3 – National or company scheme Benchmarking with EUREPGAP –Scheme not owned by the CB –Scheme owned by the CB, benchmarking by third CB –CB accredited to EN or ISO Guide 65 Written control and procedures manual All registered farms under the same system

28 © Q-Point BV Option 3 – National or company scheme CB verification –Annual Scheme audits of each farm –Sample size according to IAF guidance of number of registered farms by the CB Including 10% unannounced inspections –PMO or GO management system checked as in option 2

29 © Q-Point BV

30 Recording/documents Pesticide and fertilizer use List of pesticides and MRLs of country where product wil be exported to Complaints Annually self audit of EUREPGAP list Map of facilities and greenhouse Signed hygiene instructions Emergency procedures

31 © Q-Point BV Pictograms

32 © Q-Point BV Documentation of suppliers Propagation material (plant health certificate) GMO-free declaration of seeds Seed quality Knowledge of advisers on crop protection and fertilizers Water quality analysis Clean produce containers Substrates (recycling and product information)

33 © Q-Point BV EUREPGAP chapters 1. Traceability 2. Record keeping and internal self-inspection 3. Varieties and rootstocks 4. Site history and site management 5. Soil and substrate management 6. Fertiliser use 7. Irrigation/fertigation 8. Crop protection 9. Harvesting 10. Produce handling 11. Waste and pollution management, recycling and re-use 12. Worker health, safety and welfare 13. Environmental issues 14. Complaint form

34 © Q-Point BV 1. Traceability Products must be traceable back to the farm (receipts, labels with name and codes etc)

35 © Q-Point BV Tracking & Tracing Downstream Tracing Growers Trader Distribution Centre Retailer Foodprocessor Upstream Tracing

36 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion What is the current status traceability at producers at this moment? How would you handle this in Bulgaria?

37 © Q-Point BV 2. Record keeping and internal audit Minimum 2 years Annual self inspection Registation of crop protection, fertiliser, cleaning, maintenance etc

38 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion How is the current situation of registration at farmer/grower level? So what is registered already now? How would you handle this in Bulgaria?

39 © Q-Point BV 3. Varietes and Rootstock 1.Choice of variety and Rootstock Effective crop husbandry in relation to mother crops Specific requirements of customers 2.Seed quality Seed certification

40 © Q-Point BV 3. Varieties and Rootstock 3.Pest and disease Resistance/Tolerance Susceptibility to pests and diseases 4.Seed treatments and dressing Justification of treatments

41 © Q-Point BV 3. Varieties and Rootstock 5.Nursery stock Approved health certificate Health quality control system in-house propagation Crop protection registration when in- house propagation 6.Genetically Modified Organisms Follow regulations Inform customers

42 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion Are there enough reliable suppliers? Is there enough choice in varieties and high quality? How is Quality Control arranged on nursery stock and seeds (plant health)?

43 © Q-Point BV 4. Site History and Site management 1.Site History Record system per production unit Visual identification system Risk assessment new location Management plan by risk assessement 2.Rotations Proven rotation systems

44 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion Do farmers/growers consider the soil history and perform risk assessment on it? Are the labs accredited and employed with qualified employees?

45 © Q-Point BV 5. Soil and substrate management 1.Soil mapping 2.Cultivation Improve and maintain soil structure 3.Soil erosion

46 © Q-Point BV 5. Soil and substrate management 4.Soil fumigation Exploit alternatives 5.Substrates Inert: recycling Non-inert: demonstrate suitability

47 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion Are there good laboratorys that can perform analysis on soil (elements)? How is the soil structure? Are substrates used (rockwool/cocos/peat etc)?

48 © Q-Point BV 6. Fertiliser usage 1.Advice on quantity and type of fertiliser Demonstrate competence and knowledge of technical responsible person 2.Records of application Location, date, type of fertiliser, amount, method of use, operator name Up to date stock inventory (every 3 months)

49 © Q-Point BV 6. Fertiliser usage 3.Application machinery Suitable for land in question 4.Fertiliser storage Not with crop protection chemicals Not with nursery stock or fresh produce No risk of contamination of water sources Stored in a covered clean an dry area 5.Organic manure No raw untreated human sewage sludge Analysis recommended

50 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion And are consultancy companies available on good advise on use of fertilisers? Is the application machinery in good state of repair? Are storage facilities appropriate?

51 © Q-Point BV 7. Irrigation 1.Predicting requirement 2.Method Most efficient and commercially practical 3.Quality of water No sewage water 4.Supply of irrigation water Sustainable sources Risk analyses of used water

52 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion What water sources are used? Are the water sources safe (no residues of heavy metals, microbiological organism or other contamination)?

53 © Q-Point BV 8. Crop Protection 1.Basic elements IPM, minimum environmental impact 2.Choice of chemicals Selective products Officially registered and not banned in EU Responsible person must have certificate or training 3.Records of application Cropname and variety, location, date, product trade name and active ingredient(s), operator name, justification, technical authorisation, quantity, machinery used and pre-harvest interval

54 © Q-Point BV 8. Crop Protection 4.Pre-harvest interval Single harvested products Continuously harvested products 5.Spray equipment Suitable When mixing, follow label instructions Local regulations + minimum requirements Product inventory documented and readily available

55 © Q-Point BV 8. Crop Protection 6.Disposal of surplus spray mix Prevent with proper calculation Surplus on untreated part fallow land 7.Residue analysis Evidence must be available Frequency based on risk analysis Farmer must be aware of the MRL restrictions in the country(ies) where the EUREPGAP registered product(s) is intended to be traded

56 © Q-Point BV 8. Crop Protection 8.Storage Local regulations + minimum requirements 9.Empty regulations + minimum requirements NO re-use 10.Obsolete pesticides Appropriate (waste contractor) Enverionmentally sound

57 © Q-Point BV

58 Case - discussion Is integrated pest management know? Are there good consultants in this field? Is the label information observed (quantities, response time, method of application etc)? What kind of application machinery is used? Are there appropriate protective clothing available and used? Is the crop protection storage in accordance with the requirements? Are there obligatory courses on spraying (license)? Are there accredited labs for residu-analysis?

59 © Q-Point BV 9. Harvesting 1.Hygiene Hygiene risk analysis been performed for the harvest and pre-farm gate transport process and implemented? Basic hygiene instructions Clean handwash facilities and toilet 2.Packaging Avoid contamination Clean 3.Produce packed at point of harvest

60 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion Are there basic hygiene instructions? Are there appropriate facilities for toilet and hand washing?

61 © Q-Point BV 10. Produce handling 1.Hygiene Hygiene risk analysis been performed for the produce handling process and implemented Post-harvest washing 2.Washing Potable water 3.Post-harvest treatments 4.On farm facility for produce

62 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion Are there a lot of producers who pack there products? How is grading done? Are there quality regulations for fresh produce (class, size, weight, damage etc)?

63 © Q-Point BV Hygiene rules for staff Clear away material and product waste immediately. Cover wounds. Put on clean work clothing before starting work. Ensure good personal hygiene. Do not smoke, eat or drink in areas where the product is present. Wear as little jewellery as possible. Keep nails short and unvarnished or wear gloves. Wear long hair tied back. Wash hands with soap after each toilet visit and before starting work. Notify a contagious disease to your supervisor. People with infections, open wounds or skin diseases on head, neck, arms or hands must not come into contact with the fruits and vegetables. Take joint responsibility for a healthy and safe product

64 © Q-Point BV

65

66 11. Waste and pollution management recycling and re-use 1.Identification All possible waste products All possible sources of pollution 2.Action plan How to avoid and reduce waste and pollution

67 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion How is collection of waste arranged? Are there any recycling systems?

68 © Q-Point BV 12. Worker health, safety and welfare 1.Risk assessments 2.Training Using agro chemicals Dangerous or complex equipment 3.Facilities and equipment First aid boxes on permanent sites and fieldwork

69 © Q-Point BV 12. Worker health, safety and welfare 4.Pesticide handling Annual health checks recommended 5.Protective clothing/equipment

70 © Q-Point BV 12. Worker health, safety and welfare 6.Welfare Comply with local regulations Consult customers on specific company policies Living quarters are habitable and have basic services and facilities 7.Visitors safety

71 © Q-Point BV 12. Worker health, safety and welfare Hygiene rules for visitors: Check in with the farmer. Phone:………………………… Wear clean clothing or an overcoat. Do not smoke. Do not eat or drink in production rooms. Avoid contact with the product. No pet animals allowed. Thank you for your co-operation

72 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion Are the facilities and working circumstances on the farm safe? Is attention paid to the occupational health while working with chemicals or machinery?

73 © Q-Point BV 13. Environmental issues 1.Impact of farming on the environment 2.Wildlife and conservation policy Enhancement of bio-diversity Regional or individual activity 3.Unproductive sites Conversion to conservation areas (consideration)

74 © Q-Point BV Case - discussion Is there enough understandig on the environmental impact of the farming and growing techiques? Is the environmental impact minimised to an acceptabel level? Is there enough education on these aspects?

75 © Q-Point BV 14. Complaint Form 1.Complaint document available

76 © Q-Point BV Benefits of EUREPGAP for growers The European standard for Fruit & Vegetables Market driven EUREPGAP: license to deliver for many EU supermarkets

77 © Q-Point BV Certification Valid for 1 year By accredited Certification Body (Foodplus website) Timing: product or plants available (harvest interval can be checked)

78 © Q-Point BV Implications for growers Recording and documentation EUREPGAP: will be license to deliver for many EU supermarkets Growers do not get higher price for the products!! Costs of compliance: 500 euro/year certification costs, excluding implementation costs

79 © Q-Point BV Experiences with EUREPGAP Bottlenecks: Surplus value? Interpretation Paperwork To meet 100% of major musts all the time Difficult topics like –residues –hygiene

80 © Q-Point BV Experience Q-Point with implementing EUREPGAP Implementation of EurepGap > producers (In NL > 3000 producers); Auditing/certification of EurepGap > 300 (for ECAS BV); Technical support to Albert Heijn for development of EurepGap standards; Benchmarking EurepGap standards with national standards as Florimark, MPS, IKB, VVA etc; Training EurepGap for producers, processors, retailers (The Netherlands, Albania, Estonia, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia); Training EurepGap for auditors (Macedonia, Albania); International conferences on EurepGap; Member of Dutch EurepGap platform; Associate member of EurepGap;

81 © Q-Point BV Conclusions Certification of growers ongoing trend (consumers concerns) Supermarkets require EUREPGAP per EUREPGAP expected to be the most important and widely supported food safety scheme in Europe

82 © Q-Point BV Internet adresses (EUREPGAP)

83 © Q-Point BV More Information Q-Point B.V. PO Box AA Naaldwijk, The Netherlands Phone: Fax: Inge Neessen Phone:


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