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1 The smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectable 50 percent of the time is called: 1.Absolute threshold 2.Just noticeable difference 3.Subliminal.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectable 50 percent of the time is called: 1.Absolute threshold 2.Just noticeable difference 3.Subliminal."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectable 50 percent of the time is called: 1.Absolute threshold 2.Just noticeable difference 3.Subliminal perception 4.Habituation 5.Sensory adaptation LO 3.1

2 2 The smallest difference between two stimuli that is detectable 50 percent of the time is called: 1.Absolute threshold 2.Just noticeable difference (p. 84) 3.Subliminal perception 4.Habituation 5.Sensory adaptation LO 3.1

3 3 The process by which lower centers of the brain ignore or prevent conscious attention to stimuli that do not change is called: 1.Sensory adaptation 2.Habituation 3.Sensation 4.Subliminal perception 5.Absolute threshold LO 3.2

4 4 The process by which lower centers of the brain ignore or prevent conscious attention to stimuli that do not change is called: 1.Sensory adaptation 2.Habituation (p. 86) 3.Sensation 4.Subliminal perception 5.Absolute threshold LO 3.2

5 5 What property of light is reflected by the amplitude of a light wave? 1.Saturation 2.Color 3.Hue 4.Brightness 5.Timbre LO 3.3

6 6 What property of light is reflected by the amplitude of a light wave? 1.Saturation 2.Color 3.Hue 4.Brightness (p. 87) 5.Timbre LO 3.3

7 7 The part of the eye that can only detect black and white and shades of gray is called: 1.Cones 2.Rods 3.Vitreous humor 4.Pupil 5.Iris LO 3.4

8 8 The part of the eye that can only detect black and white and shades of gray is called: 1.Cones (p ) 2.Rods 3.Vitreous humor 4.Pupil 5.Iris LO 3.4

9 9 The ___________________ theory proposes that the combination of red, blue, and green cones and rate at which they fire determines what color will be seen. 1.opponent-process theory 2.trichromatic theory 3.light adaptation 4.dark adaptation 5.afterimage theory LO 3.5

10 10 The ___________________ theory proposes that the combination of red, blue, and green cones and rate at which they fire determines what color will be seen. 1.opponent-process theory 2.trichromatic theory (p ) 3.light adaptation 4.dark adaptation 5.afterimage theory LO 3.5

11 11 The property of sound waves that corresponds to the purity of the sound is called: 1.Pitch 2.Volume 3.Timbre 4.Brightness 5.Saturation LO 3.6

12 12 The property of sound waves that corresponds to the purity of the sound is called: 1.Pitch 2.Volume 3.Timbre (p. 96) 4.Brightness 5.Saturation LO 3.6

13 13 According to ____________ theory, pitch is related to how fast the basilar membrane vibrates, and can explain how sounds up to 100 hz can be heard. 1.frequency theory 2.place theory 3.trichromatic theory 4.opponent-process theory 5.just noticeable difference LO 3.7

14 14 According to ____________ theory, pitch is related to how fast the basilar membrane vibrates, and can explain how sounds up to 100 hz can be heard. 1.frequency theory (p. 98) 2.place theory 3.trichromatic theory 4.opponent-process theory 5.just noticeable difference LO 3.7

15 15 If a person can hear sounds, but has difficulty interpreting the sounds, it is likely that what area has been damaged? 1.Tympanic membrane 2.Cochlea 3.Auditory nerve 4.Hammer 5.Anvil LO 3.7

16 16 If a person can hear sounds, but has difficulty interpreting the sounds, it is likely that what area has been damaged? 1.Tympanic membrane 2.Cochlea 3.Auditory nerve (p. 97) 4.Hammer 5.Anvil LO 3.7

17 17 In nerve hearing impairment, which part of the ear is most likely to have been damaged? 1.Pinna 2.Tympanic membrane 3.Oval window 4.Stirrup 5.Cochlea LO 3.8

18 18 In nerve hearing impairment, which part of the ear is most likely to have been damaged? 1.Pinna 2.Tympanic membrane 3.Oval window 4.Stirrup 5.Cochlea (p. 99) LO 3.8

19 19 ______________ is considered to be a chemical sense because receptors in this area receive molecules of various substances that fit into receptor sites, much like a neurotransmitter in the brain fits into its receptor sites. 1.Olfaction 2.Gustation 3.Audition 4.Vision 5.Kinesthetic LO 3.10

20 20 ______________ is considered to be a chemical sense because receptors in this area receive molecules of various substances that fit into receptor sites, much like a neurotransmitter in the brain fits into its receptor sites. 1.Olfaction 2.Gustation (p. 101) 3.Audition 4.Vision 5.Kinesthetic LO 3.10

21 21 According to the gate control theory of pain, stimulation of pain receptors leads to the release of ____________, which sends signals to the brain that are interpreted as pain. 1.endorphines 2.substance P 3.serotonin 4.GABA 5.acetlycholine LO 3.11

22 22 According to the gate control theory of pain, stimulation of pain receptors leads to the release of ____________, which sends signals to the brain that are interpreted as pain. 1.endorphines 2.substance P (p. 106) 3.serotonin 4.GABA 5.acetlycholine LO 3.11

23 23 This Gestalt principle explains why we tend to group items that are close together in time as being related: 1.Closure 2.Similarity 3.Proximity 4.Continuity 5.Contiguity LO 3.14

24 24 This Gestalt principle explains why we tend to group items that are close together in time as being related: 1.Closure 2.Similarity 3.Proximity 4.Continuity 5.Contiguity (p. 110) LO 3.14

25 25 One monocular cue that can be used to perceive depth in which parallel lines appear to converge as they become further away in distance (as with railroad tracks) is called: 1.Relative size 2.Texture gradient 3.Aerial perspective 4.Linear perspective 5.Motion parallax LO 3.15

26 26 One monocular cue that can be used to perceive depth in which parallel lines appear to converge as they become further away in distance (as with railroad tracks) is called: 1.Relative size 2.Texture gradient 3.Aerial perspective 4.Linear perspective (p. 112) 5.Motion parallax LO 3.15

27 27 The tendency for people to assume that a blocked object is behind another object, and is therefore further away, is called: 1.Interposition 2.Accommodation 3.Binocular disparity 4.Convergence 5.Relative size LO 3.15

28 28 The tendency for people to assume that a blocked object is behind another object, and is therefore further away, is called: 1.Interposition (p. 112) 2.Accommodation 3.Binocular disparity 4.Convergence 5.Relative size LO 3.15

29 29 One optical illusion that involves a misapplication of size constancy (i.e., the tendency to view an object as always being the same size, regardless of distance from the viewer) is called: 1.Muller-Lyer illusion 2.Moon illusion 3.Bottom-up processing 4.Top-down processing 5.Perceptual set LO 3.16

30 30 One optical illusion that involves a misapplication of size constancy (i.e., the tendency to view an object as always being the same size, regardless of distance from the viewer) is called: 1.Muller-Lyer illusion 2.Moon illusion (p. 115) 3.Bottom-up processing 4.Top-down processing 5.Perceptual set LO 3.16


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