AN ARMY PREPARES TO BESEIGE A CASTLE What items can you see being loaded on to the wagons?
AN ARMY CAMP DURING A SEIGE Note the baggage wagons are on the outside. The foot- soldiers tents are in the inside ring, and the knights tents are in the centre. Notice the guarded gate on the left, and the bar and gambling tables on the right.
THE SIEGE What are the attackers doing? Notice the siege tower to the left.What have the archers set up in the centre to protect themselves? What are the defenders doing?
COUNTER- ATTACK: As the siege went on, the defenders would become hungry and they often became ill. They would often make surprise attacks from the castles, called sorties. Notice the trebuchet, a large-machine for throwing rocks at walls.
HOW TO BESIEGE A TOWN Here are three methods of breaking into a medieval castle or town: tunneling, using mangonels and trebuchets, and using siege towers. What were they designed to do?
SIEGE WEAPONS: DIFFERENT TYPES OF MANGONEL Left: This machine is used for hurling large arrows aver the walls of castles. Right: A similar device for throwing huge rocks. The rock would be held in the swing at the top
THE BATTERING RAM The ram How are the defenders protecting themselves? Housing provides protection
EARLY CANNON: 14 TH AND 15 TH CENTURIES A.D. A bombard, from around 1330 AD. Mid- 15 th century, with an early type of elevating gear. Late 15 th century, cannon mounted on a wheeled carriage. STORMING A CASTLE, 14 th century AD
SIEGE TOWERS AND CANNON Early cannon Crossbow men Siege Towers Drawbridge to allow attackers to reach walls