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Working in partnership to improve the lives of vulnerable children

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Presentation on theme: "Working in partnership to improve the lives of vulnerable children"— Presentation transcript:

1 Working in partnership to improve the lives of vulnerable children
… or “pressures, possibilities and partnerships” Christine Davies CBE

2 This presentation... Policy context (where we’ve come from and where we’re going) Challenges faced by children and young people Partnerships matter Concluding principles

3 Partnerships – Why bother?
…”Creation of a self-improving system needs a degree of co-ordination and strong incentives to encourage schools to look beyond their own gate. Otherwise there is a danger that many schools will operate in isolation rather than in co-operation”… …”we heard of near universal support for the concept of schools collaborating in order to provide a better service for all children and young people”… Education Select Committee

4 …”Local Authorities have an indispensable role to play as champions of children and parents, ensuring that the school system works for every family and using their democratic mandate to challenge every school to do their best for their population”… Sir Michael Wilshaw – Dec 2013 …”LA’s create an ‘enabling environment’, reflecting a collective accountability with Headteachers, driving moral purpose for system improvement for all children”… NFER – ‘What works in enabling school improvement?’

5 Partnerships do matter
Drive strong moral purpose Secure equity and social justice Promote community cohesion Protect the vulnerable and ‘narrow the gap’ Attain the best education outcomes for all Enable wise use of resources Ensure economic growth and success

6 Policy Context (2000 2010) Significant challenges -
Raise education standards, particularly literacy / numeracy ‘Narrowing the gap’, long tail underachievement Child deaths (Victoria Climbe), poor information sharing Diversity of school structures (Grant Maintained v. Community) Deprived communities Highest rate of teenage pregnancy/NEET in Europe

7 Political Commitment School structures don’t matter: ‘Standards not Structures’ Greater school autonomy – ‘Academies’ Protecting most vulnerable – ‘Children Act 2004/ECM’ Deprived communities, deprived families – ‘Sure Start’ ‘Schools at the heart of their Community’ Need for ‘middle tier’, holding all partners to account – ‘Working Together’/’Children’s Trusts’

8 Initiatives, trailblazers, pathfinders and partnerships flowed
Literacy and numeracy strategies EAZ Sure Start Children Act 2004 E.C.M. Children’s Fund Extended Schools Healthy Schools School Sports Partnerships Parent Partnerships (SEN) 14-19 Partnerships Children’s Trusts Building Schools for the Future Strong sense of moral purpose Schools, LA, families and communities together

9 2012 Was then, is now... Raise education standards for all
Narrow the gap Child deaths (Keanu Williams, Daniel Pelka) Highest rate of teenage pregnancy in Europe Deprived communities, deprived families Greater school autonomy (Academies, Free Schools, Teaching Schools) Youth Unemployment Plus Social mobility stalled Austerity (Public Services) Technology (sex texting, 200+ ‘chat’ sites)

10 Political ambitions the same…
Raise standards School diversity and autonomy Protect vulnerable children (Pupil Premium) BUT E.C.M. rolled back (Children Act still in place) Role of LA’s, ambivalence and huge cuts Top-down reorganisation / fragmentation - Schools Health Police Probation COMPLEXITY + CHALLENGES = COOPERATION

11 What are the challenges?
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12 Despite years of sustained investment in public services – the ‘gap’ remains steep and wide (education, health, well-being, economic success) Much excellence, less equity – economically unsustainable in a competitive global economy Strong sense of ‘moral purpose’ – imperative for social inclusion and community cohesion. Cost of not doing it too high for: individuals families communities nation

13 Poverty (and social class) matter
Despite all efforts, the strongest links between circumstances into which a child is born (socio-economic group) and their adult outcomes The lower the social economic group, the higher the risk of poor outcomes ‘Poor’ circumstances, leading to poor qualifications, transmits poverty across generations Inequality affects us all

14 and it starts early! 50 100 90 80 High SEG High cog at 22 m. 70
High SEG Low cog at 22 m. 60 50 Low SEG High cog at 22 m. 40 Low SEG Low cog at 22 m. 30 20 10 22 months 4 years 5 years 6 years 10 years (Reducing Inequalities - NCB)

15 2 children in every classroom are going hungry
1 million children in the UK live in homes without enough to eat. (Net Mums and Kids Company – June 2012)

16 Institute of Fiscal Studies
UK child poverty rates likely to rise in % in 2021 (return to child poverty levels of 20 years ago) 61% children from working households, living in poverty (2013)

17 Key Stage 2 - 65.7% FSM at Level 4 - 82.5% (all other pupils)
- 50.0% (LAC) Key Stage % FSM (5 A*-C, including English & Maths) - 63.0% (all other pupils) - 43.2% (LAC) 19 year olds - 34% FSM 58.1% (all others) [2012]

18 Drugs and Alcohol - Drug users with dependent children increased
2.6 million children live with parents who drink seriously (705,000 living with ‘dependent’ drinkers) Parental alcohol misuse a factor in over 50% child protection cases

19 Domestic Violence 12% of under 11 years 17.5% 11-17 years
5% of children have experienced severe domestic violence in their homes. These children also 4½ times more likely to experience physical violence and neglect. Alcohol-related domestic violence increases risks to children (up to 33% of cases of child abuse) Exposed to domestic violence between adults in their homes

20 Workless Households 1.8 million children living in workless households (down 26,000 from 2010) 7.6% years NEET (10.2% 2010) 14.2%19-24 years NEET (16.5% 2010) 1.4 million years looking for work

21 Mental Health in the UK 1 in 10 children diagnosed with mental health disorder 3 children in every classroom have diagnosed mental health disorders 1 in 12 deliberately self harm (25,000 hospitalised each year) 80,000 children suffer from severe depression 2 young people kill themselves every day.

22 Speech, Language and Communication difficulties in the UK
1 in 10 children have communication difficulties 2-3 children, in every classroom, have communication difficulties that require specialist help

23 Sexually harmful behaviour in children
25-35% alleged sexual abuse – by under 21 year olds 47% cautions of sexual offences year olds Known children subject to child sexual exploitation (CSE) = 17,000 (20 medium sized secondary schools) 200+ chat sites used by young people

24 Children ‘Looked After’ (2013)
68,100, an increase of 12% compared to March 2009 62% LAC (abuse or neglect) 74% LAC White British

25 Other challenges!

26 Public Sector cuts LA’s (2010 2013) £10 billion real terms
+ further £2.1 billion (2015/16) (New Local Government Network)

27 ‘In the Eye of the Storm’ – Britain’s forgotten children and families
Measured number of families with children ‘most vulnerable’ due to adverse economic conditions Estimated impact on vulnerable families by changes to tax and benefits, cuts to public services and economic projections

28 Definition of vulnerable children and families
Household dataset ‘Families and Children Study’ (used by Cabinet Office for ‘families at risk’ / ’troubled families’) Families at risk have 5+ vulnerabilities; Worklessness – no parent in family in work Housing – living in poor quality and/or over-crowded housing Qualifications – no parent having academic or vocational qualifications Mental Health – mother has mental health problems 5. Illness/Disability – at least one parent limiting, long-standing illness/disability 6. Low income – below 60% of the median 7. Material deprivation – cannot afford number of food/clothing items

29 Impact of spending cuts on vulnerable families (2010-2015)
Assume average value of all ‘in-kind’ public services (health, social care, education, transport, housing, police, welfare to work) of £16,200 for all families in 2008 Vulnerable families depend more on public services, especially children New measures i.e. pupil premium + childcare for disadvantaged 2 year olds direct spending on vulnerable children But do not compensate for cuts. Cash impact on vulnerable families between £1,000 and £2,500 per year by 2015 Combining changes to tax and benefit system with spending cuts to public services shows that families with 5+ vulnerabilities will lose £3,000 per year by 2015

30 Other worrying facts… Between , estimated number of families with 5+ vulnerabilities increase from 130,000 to 150,000 (up 14%) Number of children in these families set to rise by 54,000 up to 365,000 (17% increase) Number of children living in families with 4+ vulnerabilities increase from 885,000 to 1 million (up 17%) Particularly worrying is the number of children living in families with 6+ vulnerabilities increase from 50,000 to 96,000 (up 100%)

31 Commissioning context for children more complex
Health commissioning for children: School nurses LAs Health visitors; public health NHS Board LAs (2013) Safeguarding Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) Mixed economy of providers and commissioners e.g. Social Enterprises, academies, free schools Re-organisation of Council services (especially Adult Social Care / Children’s Services) Police Crime Commissioners

32 Five degrees of partnership
Co-existence – You stay on your turf and I’ll stay on mine Co-operation – I’ll lend you a hand when my work is done Co-ordination – We need to adjust what we do to avoid overlap and confusion Collaboration – Let’s work together on this Co-ownership – We feel totally jointly responsible CONFUSION, COMPLEXITY + CHALLENGES = COLLABORATION AND COOPERATION

33 Everything still possible
Schools at heart of forging strong partnerships, with other schools and Local Authorities to drive up education achievement and ‘narrow the gap’ Essential to protect the most vulnerable

34 Education Select Committee Conclusions
…” School partnerships and cooperation have become an increasingly important part of a self-improving or school-led system... ”we believe that such collaboration has great potential to continue driving improvement to the English education system” …” the issue of locality or geographical coherence is a key factor in creating effective school partnerships”

35 …” Local Authorities have a critical role to play in a school-led system. We recommend that Government set out clearly the role of LA’s in helping broker school-to-school partnerships and acting as champions of all parents and all children in their region” NFER: …” LA’s are repositioning themselves to put schools in the lead, whilst securing delivery of their statutory duties through education partnerships. They were adopting a more adaptive style of leadership and were prepared to move rapidly to enable school to school support”

36 Changing role of Local Authorities
Champion for children addressing inequality, promoting fairness, ensuring best possible life experiences and outcome Catalyst bringing stakeholders, including all schools, together through shared vision and building effective partnerships to best meet need Commissioner making best use of resources, through joint planning and joint commissioning, ensuring cost effective delivery – either ‘in house’ or through external providers

37 Statutory responsibilities for schools & LA’s
Working together to safeguard children 2013 LSCB (Local Safeguarding Children’s Board) including new local learning and improvement framework (all services/agencies) Multi agency responsibilities to support children and families (emphasising role of universal services in identifying early signs of abuse and neglect).

38 and other opportunities...
Greater integration across children’s services, public health and adult social care prompted by Health and Well-being Boards: Mapping, joint planning, joint commissioning Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (shared understanding of data and ‘soft’ intelligence and engagement of C&YP) Joint Health and Well-being Strategy Healthy Child Programme

39 Children and Families Act Children and Families Act 2013
SEN Single assessment; Education, Health and Care Plans 0 – 25 years Publish ‘local offer’ for pupils with SEN.

40 School Improvement… Ofsted inspecting LA’s now –
Education Act 1996 – promoting high standards in schools so that children and young people achieve well and fulfil their potential + support for ‘schools causing concern’ Education and Inspections Act 2006 Ofsted inspecting LA’s now – Blackpool / Bournemouth / Isle of Wight / Norfolk / Wakefield

41 Plus Early Intervention locality teams Pupil Premium, including ‘Pupil Premium Plus’ and ‘Catch-up Premium’ Troubled Families programme (£450 million) 2 year old offer / Family Nurse Partnerships / Health Visitors E-safety!

42 Education and LA Partnerships
York Education Partnership (YEP!) Herfordshire Herts of Learning Liverpool Lifelong Learning Partnership Southend Education Trust Telford & Wrekin Severn Teaching School Alliance Brighton & Hove Learning Partnership Devon Dartmoor Federation Wigan Schools Consortia

43 Conclusions – the evidence is...
Schools have ‘strong sense of moral purpose’, taking collective responsibility for all children in local area Schools are ‘looking beyond the school gate’ Schools and LA’s are cooperating, through innovative partnerships, to drive school improvement and ensure welfare of children LA’s must have vision, energy and ambition to safeguard and champion all children and all families

44 So, as local leaders we can...
“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, concerned citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” “Great leaders are almost always great simplifiers, who can cut through argument, debate and doubt, to offer a solution everybody can understand." Margaret Mead Colin Powell “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.” Martin Luther King

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