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1 Computers in Libraries, March 15, 2005 The Future Library – Now! RFID Technology.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Computers in Libraries, March 15, 2005 The Future Library – Now! RFID Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Computers in Libraries, March 15, 2005 The Future Library – Now! RFID Technology

2 2 Contact Information Chicago State University LIS2 (Library and Information Services Learning and Instructional Services) Connie Haley

3 3 Objectives How to manage the RFID project How to select a vendor Components of the RFID technology RFID standards Advantages of implementing RFID technology in your library Disadvantages of implementing RFID technology in your library

4 4 What is RFID Technology Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology is the utilization of a tag, a reader with an application to communicate information from a single bit to several kilo-bytes over the airwaves.

5 5 How to Manage the RFID Project Needs Assessment Project Approval Project Design Project Planning Equipment Ordering Conversion Training Staffing and Scheduling Project Evaluation

6 6 Needs Assessment Establishing p urpose of the project -Staff shortage -Tight budgets -Excellent services -Anticipated circulation increase, such as a new library -Labor intensive process Becoming k nowledgeable about RFID technology, market, and environment Identifying r esources, sources of information

7 7 Project Approval Determine approval dates/times Engage support of authorities Produce documents and make presentations as needed Address patron privacy issues

8 8 Project Design Exploring project ideas Generating project ideas – contact vendors and RFID libraries, vendor demo, field trips, RFP, etc. Prioritizing ideas Insuring measurable outcomes Focus on action plan

9 9 Project Planning Coordination –circulation, cataloging, media services, other projects(such as ARS,bc, weeding, bindery), selectors, and department heads. Reports for planning, such as volumes of each selector or format, oversize books, etc. Reports for weeding Tasks – conversion, shelf-reading,etc. Budgeting –Equipment, maintenance, volumes –Labor (staff, volunteer, outsource-see also Staffing and Scheduling), wages, rate of conversion Prioritizing – which format starts first Supervision – periodic checking for quality Gantt chart

10 10 Equipment Ordering Price quotes - Price comparison Negotiation – such as returning defective tags Ordering – buying vs. leasing, storage area Profiling – location information Testing – RFID and ILS SIP2, RFIDand ARS Technical support – library and vendor

11 11 Staff Training Vendors video Presentation Hands-on training Questions and answers Weekly meeting Party

12 12 Staffing and Scheduling Hiring see Project Planning Rate – tags/hour Schedule sheet

13 13 Project Evaluation Evaluation objectives - Success (deadlines, accuracy) - Procedures - Efficiency Techniques - Interview - Case study - Documentation of procedures

14 14 How to Select a Vendor Vendors Criteria to Select a Vendor Why did we Select Integrated Technology Group (ITG)

15 15 Vendors 3M CheckPoint Luctrons Biblioteca Tech Logic VTLS Integrated Technology Group - Vernon

16 16 Criteria to Select a Vendor Vendors viability Services - Customer Services - Technical Services - Other such as warranty Price - Tags - Equipment - Maintenance - Rewarding programs Products - A complete chain of products - Standards used on current products - Strategies for future products

17 17 Why did we Select ITG Good reputation A decade of experience Excellent customer and technical services Competitive price Rewards Program Contributed to the ISO Reader reads multiple standards. Security gates operates multiple standards. Excellent customer services and technical support Multiple modes – RFID, bar code, and/or magnetic strip Satisfaction

18 18 Components RFID Technology Tags Readers Applications - Interface -Circulation stations -Self-check stations -Conversion stations Applications -Shelf reading (inventory, search, identifying mis- shleved items) - Security gates - Automated check-in and sorting stations

19 19 Tags A tag is also known as a transponder with a silicon chip and an antenna

20 20 More …Tags Two types of tags: active and passive - Active tags have their own battery power to transmit a signal. Such as Ipass, tracking shipments in the War. - Passive tags have a tiny semiconductor that wakes up when a radio frequency passes over it. Four type of RF tags: - Low frequency KHz - High frequency MHz - Ultra HF MHz - Microwave 2.45 GHz Tags used in libraries are passive operating at MHz.

21 21 Readers

22 22 More… Readers Readers can check in and check out multiple items. Readers can check in and check out only one item at a time. Readers that can operate multiple standards

23 23 Interface The interface is a software application that ties the item identification number to the ILS, Standard Interface Protocol (SIP2) or NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP). It can operate in online or batch modes.

24 24 Circulation stations Check in/out one item at a time. SIP is not required, such as ITGs DirectReader application. Check in/out multiple items simultaneously. SIP2 is needed for operation. Staff, selfcheck, and and manual assistant sorting workstations

25 25 Self-check stations

26 26 Conversion stations Conversion or programming Readers, tags, conversion software, and conversion station. Buy or lease?

27 27 Security gates Security status is on the tag, ILS does not register the security. Does not need a separate security server. Multiple standard security gates. Some concerns.

28 28 Manual Assistant sorting stations Indicates shelf location information so books can be sorted quickly and effectively.

29 29 Automated return with sorting systems As materials are returned to the drop box, they are automatically checked in and security is activated. Meanwhile the librarys database is updated. The sorting system may be combined with a conveyor to separate reserved materials and assign other items to bins based on their appropriate location codes.

30 30 RFID Standards Interoperability Radio frequency: MHz. Proprietary protocols-TagSys Folio 220 ISO ISO 18,000 – TagSys Folio 320

31 31 More… RFID Standards ISO/IEC :2004 relates solely to systems operating at 13,56 MHz. It provides physical layer, collision management system and protocol values for RFID systems for item identification in accordance with the requirements of ISO ISO 18,000 does not cover everything. Does not define the data structure. Does not define the content of different tags. For example, 100 bit of memory, read/write, security field. Will communicate the same way, but could be different things.

32 32 Advantages of Using RFID Identify an item without line of sight. Speed up check-in process. A built-in security bit. Simplify the check-in and check-out process. Prevent staff from repetitive motion injuries.

33 33 More… Advantages of Using RFID Reduce the amount of time of material processing and circulation. Reduce the costs of inventory. Keep track of library material usage. Increase a users privacy.

34 34 Disadvantages of Using RFID Proprietary standards - Tags and equipment – not compatible. High price More staff training. Easy to remove the tags.

35 35 Concerns of Using RFID Challenges for a consortia. Health concerns Higher loss rate Privacy invasion

36 36 For Further Information Contact Connie Haley:

37 37 Budgeting Exercise QuantityUnit PriceCosts Tag$.85 Labor$8 Convs ST-buy$3000 Convs ST-lease$250/wk Circ ST – 1 item$2500 Circ ST-multi-item$4500 Self check$20,000 Book drop$20,000 Sorter$45,000 Invntry scanner$4500 Security gate$4000 Install-gate$1000 Other(bc printer)$450 Total$


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