Presentation on theme: "Galileo European Commission The European Satellite Navigation Program"— Presentation transcript:
1 Galileo European Commission The European Satellite Navigation Program Presentation GNSS 4.3 by Markus BrunsEuropean CommissionDirectorate General for Energy and Transport
2 The European satellite radionavigation programme What is Galileo?The European satellite radionavigation programmeGalileo will be a new navigation satellite constellations fitting into the global concept of GNSS and transmitting positioning signals to a variety of users, among them civil aviation.Galileo is based on a constellation of 30 satellites placed in medium earth orbit and continuously covering the entire surface of the earth.How far is Galileo?The definition phase has already been completed.Development and validation phaseDeployment phaseCommercial operation phaseFrom 2008
3 30 satellites around the earth Concept“In the same way that no one nowadays can ignore the time of day, in the future no one will be able to do without knowing their precise location.”30 satellites around the earthsafety of lifegeneral publicLocal elementUserscommerce
4 WAAS (US) & EGNOS & MSAS (Japan): first step towards service guaranteesEGNOS: Complement to GPS and GLONASS with2 Inmarsat / 1 Artemis Transponders First step towards GALILEO Interoperable with WAAS and MSASGPS-type(Ranging) SignalCorrection signalsIntegrityhigher availabilitymeter accuracyservice guarantee
7 Role of EGNOS in GALILEO EGNOS is the first step to Galileo and part of the European Satellite Navigation Strategy. It will become operational in early 2004 and is partially funded by air traffic services providers. EGNOS will remain fully compliant with the ICAO SBAS SARPS and be interoperable with WAAS.EGNOS will pave the way and reduce the risks for GALILEO in different domains:Technical aspects (I.e. integrity).Operational experience.Certification process.Institutional framework…..
8 Aviation applications Gate to gate navigationService guarantees and liabilityMore efficient flight routing leads to fuel savingsBetter tracking of aircraft enhances safetyCloser spacing of planes increases airspace capacity€ 800M market by 2003
9 Civil Aviation and GALILEO Key interests for civil aviation in a GNSS service relying on redundant, interoperable and multi-frequency GALILEO and GPS constellationsImproved performance, with the positive impact to reduce complexity and cost.Redundancy (No common mode failures)Improved robustness to interferenceEase World Wide acceptance of this new technology
10 GPS/EGNOS and GALILEO ® ¬ Complementarity • cater for alternative in case of system failureof one system and•allow for New and Complementary ServicesNew Servicesthanks to service guaranteesand certificationComplementary Servicesthanks to higheravailability and confidence
11 The development phase has been launched On 26 March, the Transport Council agreed on the Regulation governing the statutes of the Joint Undertaking...Commission to establish the Joint Undertaking as soon as possible together with ESAPrivate sector participation possible at a later stage…and on the release of the remaining € 450m to fund the development phase€ 450m as Trans-European Network project with the Joint Undertaking as beneficiary (in addition to € 100m already released and € 550m ESA contribution)annual payments from 2002 to 2005
12 Economic aspects of GALILEO Costs of the systemDevelopment and deployment costs are put at €3.2 billion.That is the price of 150 km of semi-urban motorway or of just one track of the main tunnel for the future high-speed rail link between Lyon and Turin.Economic viabilityCost/benefit ratio: 4.6 over 20 years, taking air and sea transport alone. No other infrastructure project in Europe can match a ratio like that.Jobs created:Market created: €9 billion/yearSociety as a whole will benefit, not just investors in the programme. For example, improving air traffic control will save passengers time and airlines money and cut pollution by emissions from aircraft.
13 The GALILEO management structure Capital: about €20 million The Joint UndertakingFor the first time ever this form of company provided for under Article 171 of the Treaty is to be set up. It will allow a single effective management body for Galileo combining public and private funding.RoleTo establish management structures and a business plan. To harness public and private funding.To publish calls for tenders to set up the system.To launch the first satellites, in partnership with the ESA.StructureSet up:Capital: about €20 millionFounder members: Community, European Space AgencyOther Members:European Investment Bankany business subscribing €20 million or more(€1 million for SMEs) after the selection of a future concessionaire
14 JU: How it works Here others could potentially join in Founding MembersPossible Future MembersEuropean Community (Commission)European Space AgencyEuropean Investment BankPrivate companiesOtherSupervisory Board (EU Member States)ESA Pb-Nav (ESA Member States)Here others could potentially join inAdministrative BoardJoint UndertakingExecutive CommitteeDirectorSubcontractingInfrastructure (ground / space)Application developmentPreparation of deployment and operation
15 GALILEO and the ICAO GNSSP - EGNOS and GALILEO are the European Unions contributions to the world wide concept of GNSS in particular for the aviation sector.- EC and ESA will continue to provide all necessary information to ICAO in order to standardise GALILEO.- Safety and robustness will be the issues for the future work of standardising new elements for GNSS. A GNSS consisting of GALILEO, GPS and GLONASS should be able to meet these requirements.- The Air Navigation Conference next year will reassess the GNSS concept. It will be important to demonstrate that the GNSS concept will be the future for air navigation.
16 Open to international co-operation Galileo has been designed as global system with build-in regional and local enhancement capabilitiesNegotiations with the United States and Russian Federation are underwayother parties expressed interest and some participated already in the definition studies