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Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication1 European Commission Galileo Presentation GNSS 4.3 by Markus Bruns European Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication1 European Commission Galileo Presentation GNSS 4.3 by Markus Bruns European Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication1 European Commission Galileo Presentation GNSS 4.3 by Markus Bruns European Commission Directorate General for Energy and Transport The European Satellite Navigation Program

2 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication2 What is Galileo? The European satellite radionavigation programme Galileo will be a new navigation satellite constellations fitting into the global concept of GNSS and transmitting positioning signals to a variety of users, among them civil aviation. How far is Galileo? The definition phase has already been completed. Galileo is based on a constellation of 30 satellites placed in medium earth orbit and continuously covering the entire surface of the earth. Development and validation phase Deployment phase Commercial operation phase From 2008

3 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication3 In the same way that no one nowadays can ignore the time of day, in the future no one will be able to do without knowing their precise location. Local element 30 satellites around the earth general public commerce safety of life Users Concept

4 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication4 GPS-type (Ranging) Signal Correction signals Integrity E GNOS: Complement to GPS and GLONASS with 2 Inmarsat / 1 Artemis Transponders First step towards GALILEO Interoperable with WAAS and MSAS higher availability meter accuracy service guarantee WAAS (US) & EGNOS & MSAS (Japan): first step towards service guarantees

5 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication5 EGNOS Test Bed

6 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication6 AREA CEAC EGNOS service area

7 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication7 EGNOS is the first step to Galileo and part of the European Satellite Navigation Strategy. It will become operational in early 2004 and is partially funded by air traffic services providers. EGNOS will remain fully compliant with the ICAO SBAS SARPS and be interoperable with WAAS. EGNOS will pave the way and reduce the risks for GALILEO in different domains: Technical aspects (I.e. integrity). Operational experience. Certification process. Institutional framework….. Role of EGNOS in GALILEO

8 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication8 Aviation applications l Gate to gate navigation l Service guarantees and liability l More efficient flight routing leads to fuel savings l Better tracking of aircraft enhances safety l Closer spacing of planes increases airspace capacity l 800M market by 2003

9 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication u u Key interests for civil aviation in a GNSS service relying on redundant, interoperable and multi-frequency GALILEO and GPS constellations è è Improved performance, with the positive impact to reduce complexity and cost. è è Redundancy (No common mode failures) è è Improved robustness to interference è è Ease World Wide acceptance of this new technology Civil Aviation and GALILEO

10 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication10 cater for alternative in case of system failure of one system and allow for New and Complementary Services New Services thanks to service guarantees and certification Complementary Services thanks to higher availability and confidence Complementarity GPS/EGNOS and GALILEO

11 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication11 The development phase has been launched Commission to establish the Joint Undertaking as soon as possible together with ESA Private sector participation possible at a later stage On 26 March, the Transport Council agreed on the Regulation governing the statutes of the Joint Undertaking m as Trans-European Network project with the Joint Undertaking as beneficiary (in addition to 100m already released and 550m ESA contribution) annual payments from 2002 to 2005 …and on the release of the remaining 450m to fund the development phase

12 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication12 Economic aspects of GALILEO Development and deployment costs are put at 3.2 billion. Costs of the system Economic viability That is the price of 150 km of semi-urban motorway or of just one track of the main tunnel for the future high-speed rail link between Lyon and Turin. Jobs created: Market created : 9 billion/year Cost/benefit ratio : 4.6 over 20 years, taking air and sea transport alone. No other infrastructure project in Europe can match a ratio like that. Society as a whole will benefit, not just investors in the programme. For example, improving air traffic control will save passengers time and airlines money and cut pollution by emissions from aircraft.

13 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication13 The GALILEO management structure Role To establish management structures and a business plan. To harness public and private funding. To publish calls for tenders to set up the system. To launch the first satellites, in partnership with the ESA. Founder members: Community, European Space Agency Other Members: For the first time ever this form of company provided for under Article 171 of the Treaty is to be set up. It will allow a single effective management body for Galileo combining public and private funding. Capital: about 20 million Set up: Structure European Investment Bank any business subscribing 20 million or more (1 million for SMEs) after the selection of a future concessionaire The Joint Undertaking

14 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication14 JU: How it works European Community (Commission) European Space Agency Founding Members European Investment Bank Possible Future Members Private companies Other Supervisory Board (EU Member States) ESA Pb-Nav (ESA Member States) Administrative Board Joint Undertaking Infrastructure (ground / space) Application development Preparation of deployment and operation Subcontracting DirectorExecutive Committee Here others could potentially join in

15 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication15 GALILEO and the ICAO GNSSP - EGNOS and GALILEO are the European Unions contributions to the world wide concept of GNSS in particular for the aviation sector. - EC and ESA will continue to provide all necessary information to ICAO in order to standardise GALILEO. - Safety and robustness will be the issues for the future work of standardising new elements for GNSS. A GNSS consisting of GALILEO, GPS and GLONASS should be able to meet these requirements. - The Air Navigation Conference next year will reassess the GNSS concept. It will be important to demonstrate that the GNSS concept will be the future for air navigation.

16 Directorate-General for Energy and TransportInformation/Communication16 Open to international co-operation Galileo has been designed as global system with build-in regional and local enhancement capabilities Negotiations with the United States and Russian Federation are underway other parties expressed interest and some participated already in the definition studies

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