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Galileo European Commission The European Satellite Navigation Program

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Presentation on theme: "Galileo European Commission The European Satellite Navigation Program"— Presentation transcript:

1 Galileo European Commission The European Satellite Navigation Program
Presentation GNSS 4.3 by Markus Bruns European Commission Directorate General for Energy and Transport

2 The European satellite radionavigation programme
What is Galileo? The European satellite radionavigation programme Galileo will be a new navigation satellite constellations fitting into the global concept of GNSS and transmitting positioning signals to a variety of users, among them civil aviation. Galileo is based on a constellation of 30 satellites placed in medium earth orbit and continuously covering the entire surface of the earth. How far is Galileo? The definition phase has already been completed. Development and validation phase Deployment phase Commercial operation phase From 2008

3 30 satellites around the earth
Concept “In the same way that no one nowadays can ignore the time of day, in the future no one will be able to do without knowing their precise location.” 30 satellites around the earth safety of life general public Local element Users commerce

4 WAAS (US) & EGNOS & MSAS (Japan):
first step towards service guarantees EGNOS:  Complement to GPS and GLONASS with 2 Inmarsat / 1 Artemis Transponders  First step towards GALILEO  Interoperable with WAAS and MSAS GPS-type (Ranging) Signal Correction signals Integrity higher availability meter accuracy service guarantee

5 EGNOS Test Bed

6 EGNOS service area AREA CEAC

7 Role of EGNOS in GALILEO
EGNOS is the first step to Galileo and part of the European Satellite Navigation Strategy. It will become operational in early 2004 and is partially funded by air traffic services providers. EGNOS will remain fully compliant with the ICAO SBAS SARPS and be interoperable with WAAS. EGNOS will pave the way and reduce the risks for GALILEO in different domains: Technical aspects (I.e. integrity). Operational experience. Certification process. Institutional framework…..

8 Aviation applications
Gate to gate navigation Service guarantees and liability More efficient flight routing leads to fuel savings Better tracking of aircraft enhances safety Closer spacing of planes increases airspace capacity € 800M market by 2003

9 Civil Aviation and GALILEO
Key interests for civil aviation in a GNSS service relying on redundant, interoperable and multi-frequency GALILEO and GPS constellations Improved performance, with the positive impact to reduce complexity and cost. Redundancy (No common mode failures) Improved robustness to interference Ease World Wide acceptance of this new technology

10 GPS/EGNOS and GALILEO ® ¬ Complementarity •
cater for alternative in case of system failure of one system and allow for New and Complementary Services New Services thanks to service guarantees and certification Complementary Services thanks to higher availability and confidence

11 The development phase has been launched
On 26 March, the Transport Council agreed on the Regulation governing the statutes of the Joint Undertaking... Commission to establish the Joint Undertaking as soon as possible together with ESA Private sector participation possible at a later stage …and on the release of the remaining € 450m to fund the development phase € 450m as Trans-European Network project with the Joint Undertaking as beneficiary (in addition to € 100m already released and € 550m ESA contribution) annual payments from 2002 to 2005

12 Economic aspects of GALILEO
Costs of the system Development and deployment costs are put at €3.2 billion. That is the price of 150 km of semi-urban motorway or of just one track of the main tunnel for the future high-speed rail link between Lyon and Turin. Economic viability Cost/benefit ratio: 4.6 over 20 years, taking air and sea transport alone. No other infrastructure project in Europe can match a ratio like that. Jobs created: Market created: €9 billion/year Society as a whole will benefit, not just investors in the programme. For example, improving air traffic control will save passengers time and airlines money and cut pollution by emissions from aircraft.

13 The GALILEO management structure Capital: about €20 million
The Joint Undertaking For the first time ever this form of company provided for under Article 171 of the Treaty is to be set up. It will allow a single effective management body for Galileo combining public and private funding. Role To establish management structures and a business plan. To harness public and private funding. To publish calls for tenders to set up the system. To launch the first satellites, in partnership with the ESA. Structure Set up: Capital: about €20 million Founder members: Community, European Space Agency Other Members: European Investment Bank any business subscribing €20 million or more (€1 million for SMEs) after the selection of a future concessionaire

14 JU: How it works Here others could potentially join in
Founding Members Possible Future Members European Community (Commission) European Space Agency European Investment Bank Private companies Other Supervisory Board (EU Member States) ESA Pb-Nav (ESA Member States) Here others could potentially join in Administrative Board Joint Undertaking Executive Committee Director Subcontracting Infrastructure (ground / space) Application development Preparation of deployment and operation

- EGNOS and GALILEO are the European Unions contributions to the world wide concept of GNSS in particular for the aviation sector. - EC and ESA will continue to provide all necessary information to ICAO in order to standardise GALILEO. - Safety and robustness will be the issues for the future work of standardising new elements for GNSS. A GNSS consisting of GALILEO, GPS and GLONASS should be able to meet these requirements. - The Air Navigation Conference next year will reassess the GNSS concept. It will be important to demonstrate that the GNSS concept will be the future for air navigation.

16 Open to international co-operation
Galileo has been designed as global system with build-in regional and local enhancement capabilities Negotiations with the United States and Russian Federation are underway other parties expressed interest and some participated already in the definition studies

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