Presentation on theme: "INTERNATIONAL TEMPLE SUMMIT 2006 INITIATED BY SHREE SIDDHIVINAYAK TEMPLE TRUST INITIATED BY SHREE SIDDHIVINAYAK TEMPLE TRUST Let TRUST be the foundation."— Presentation transcript:
INTERNATIONAL TEMPLE SUMMIT 2006 INITIATED BY SHREE SIDDHIVINAYAK TEMPLE TRUST INITIATED BY SHREE SIDDHIVINAYAK TEMPLE TRUST Let TRUST be the foundation of FAITH
The holiest among the holy places in sacred Bharat or India are the four abodes of God known as four Dhams. Shree Jagannath Dam (Puri) in eastern India is one of them. Since time immemorial, this most sacred abode of Jagannath – the Lord of the Universe – has been the seat of the glorious spiritual and cultural tradition of India. Jagannath represents an integration of all important cultures, such as the Vedic, the Puranic, the Tantric, the Smarta and the Baishnava, along with Jainism, Buddhism, Hinduism and that of the aboriginal tribes who are living in the interior areas of the country for thousands of year past. The Baishnavas of all schools, i.e. Ramanuja, Nimbarka, Chaitanya or Madhva-Goudiya, Radha Ballbhi, Atibadi, Odissi have great faith in Jagannath. The unique customs and traditions, elaborate rituals and festivals in this world famous temple, which have continued almost unchanged for centuries, symbolize a heritage most glorious and unparalleled. BRIEF HISTORY
Tradition has it that the legendary king Indradyumna, a King of Malwa in Central India put up the first temple which was a thousand cubits high. But in course of time, it collapsed. Around 10 th century A.D., king Yajati Kesari put up another temple which was smaller than the present one. Perhaps that temple crumbled down due to the effect of saline wind of the adjoining sea (Bay of Bengal). The founder of the Ganga dynasty in Orissa, Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva, took up the construction of the present magnificent temple and it was completed in the 12 th century, which is itself a towering masterpiece of Indias rich temple art and architecture. The ancient temple of Lord Jagannath of Puri has ever since its inception been an institution of unique national importance in which millions of Hindu devotees from regions far and near have reposed their faith and belief and have regarded it as the epitome of their tradition and culture.
The temple is built over an area of Ac.10.734 of land having two boundary walls named as Meghanada Prachira (outer boundary) and Kurma Prachira (inner boundary). There are four gates on the four sides of the temple named as the Lions Gate (East), Horse Gate(South), Tiger Gate (West) and Elephant Gate (North). The height of the temple is 214 feet 8 inches from the ground level. Surrounding the main temple, many Sub-Shrines about hundred in number are also located. Amongst them those of goddess Vimala and Mahalaksmi are the most important. After offering Bhoga to Shree Jagannath, it is again offered to Vimala. It is said that Vimala is the Bhairavi and Jagannath is Bhairava. Mahalakshmi is the consort of Bishnu and Shree Jagannath is considered as a form of Bishnu. The other important sub-shrines are – Nilamadhaba, Bata Mangala, Sakhigopal, Ganesh, Saraswati, Bhubaneswari, Kasi Biswanath, Nrusingha, Satyanarayan, Rama Chandra, Dadhi Baman, Ananta Basudeva, Sitala, Agniswar, Pataleswar, Ishaneswar, Hari Sahadeva, Indrani, Bhadrakali, Surya, Radha and Krushna in various forms and so on.
Till 1568 AD, the sovereign of Orissa Kings were the Chief Patron 1568 – 1590 ADAfghan Rulers 1590 – 1751 ADMuslim Rulers 1751 – 1803 ADMarhata Kings 1803 – Till IndependenceBritish Rulers However, the foundation of a sound administrative system was laid by the Gajapati Kings of Puri during the British Rule. Post Independence Era The Puri Shri Jagannath Temple (Administration) Act - 1952 The Shri Jagannath Temple Act – 1955 Came into force with effect from 27.12.1960 In terms of the provision of this Act the management, administration and governance of the temple are vested in a committee known as Shri Jagannath Temple managing Committee. Historical Background TEMPLE ADMINISTRATION
Present Managing Committee Amendment 2004 of Shri Jagannath Temple Act – 1955 1.Gajapati Maharaja of PuriChairman 2.Additional Chief Secretary, OrissaWorking Chairman 3.Chief Administrator, Shri Jagannath Temple, PuriEx-Officio Member- Secretary 4.Collector & D.M., Puri Deputy Chief Administrator-Ex-Officio Member Shri Jagannath Temple, Puri 5. Commissioner of Endowments, Orissa,Ex-Officio Member 6. Additional Secretary (Law)Ex-Officio Member (JTA in-charge) 7.Superintendent of Police, PuriEx-Officio Member 8.Superintending Archaeologist,ASIEx-Officio Member
9.One person to be nominated by the State Govt.from among the persons entitled to sit on the MuktimandapMember 10.Five persons to be nominated by the State Govt.from among the Sevaks of the temple.Member 11.One person representing the Maths and other Institutions connected with the Seva-Puja or Nities of the Temple or Member any Hindu Religions /Spiritual Organisation to be nominated by the State Government. 12.Three persons, one of whom shall be a Chartered Accountantant, from among the general public.Member No person who does not profess the Hindu Religion shallbe eligible for membership The Chief Administrator of Shri Jagannath Temple, Puri shall be appointed by the State Government from among Members of the Indian Administrative Service not below the rank of Commissioner and professing Hindu Religion The Chief Administrator SHALL BE THE Secretary of the Committee and its Chief Executive Officer and shall, subject to the control of the Committee, have powers to carry out its decision in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
CHIEF ADMINISTRATOR (IAS not below the rank of Commissioner) ADMINISTRATOR (Security) (IPS or OPS not below the rank of Addl. SP) DEPUTY CHIEF ADMINISTRATOR (District Collector, PURI) ADMINISTRATOR (Niti) ( OAS-S not below the rank of Jt. Secretary ) ADMINISTRATOR (Development) ( IAS or OAS-S not below the rank of Jt. Secretary ) SHREE JAGANNATH TEMPLE ADMINISTRATION, PURI Senior Positions
THE ESTABLISHMENT The Chief administrator, as the Executive Head of Temple Administration Eleven nos. Class I and Class II Officers of the Orissa State Cadre belonging to the Administrative, Finance and Police Services Temple Cadre Officers - Public Relations & Information - Culture & Publications - Rituals - Watch & Ward - Conservancy & Sanitation - Civil Construction 271 Permanent Employees 126 Contractual Labourers New 52 JTP Squad & 13 DEOs
The rituals of the Lords throughout the year are performed as per prevailing custom/tradition as well as provisions as contained in the Temple Record of Rights which was published vide Government of Orissa Law Department Notification No. 4751 dated 05-08-1954. The Temple of Lord Jagannath entertains 119 categories of Sevayats(Servitors) and observes most intricate and elaborate ritual system. Each category of Sevak has specific role to perform in the temple. Round the year as many as 1500 Sevaks (Temple Servitors) are engaged in the Lords service to perform the sacrosanct age-old rituals and to prepare the most sacred Mahaprasad cherished by countless devotees. More than 80 Servitors or Sevaks are engaged in the daily rituals of the Lords. In addition to the daily rituals there are special rituals held for the Lord on specific occasions. RITUALS
SOME SALIENT FEATURES Highlights DARSHAN FACILITIES Public Darshan (SAHANA MELA) Special Darshan RESTRICTIONS 1. Only Hindus can get inside the temple. 2. Nobody except the authorised Sevakas is allowed to touch the Deities inside the Temple 3.Nobody except authorised Sevakas can enter the Kitchen area SAFETY & SECURITY MEASURES CCTV surveillance system in the Four Gates and Ananda Bazar
SWADHYA KENDRA Shree Jagannath Swadhya Kendra ais functioning daily at the Lions Gate of Shrede Mandir from 5 AM to 6.30 AM and 7.30 P.M. to 9 P.M. In the morning hours Supravatam, Veda, Shree Bishnu Sahasranam, Srimad Bhagabat Gita and Shree Jagannathastak are being chanting to create a divine atmosphere. In the evening hours Oriya Bhagabat and traditional devotional songs like Odisi, Chhand and Champu etc. are also being chanting for pilgrims and devotees of Lord Jagannath. CAR FESTIVAL The Car Festival is known as the Ratha Yatra and is the most important festival of Lord Shri Jagannath. This colourful Festival which draws millions of devotees to Puri from various parts of the Country as well as abroad, is held in the month of June-July every year. The Three Deities in three wooden Chariots are carried in a Grand Procession to the Gundicha Temple located three kms away.
STATUS REPORT ON LANDED PROPERTIES OF SHREE JAGANNATH MAHAPRABHU BIJE, PURI Extent of land so far detected from sources inside the State of Orissa recorded in the name of Lord Jagannath - Ac.56,244.195 2.Extent of land outside the State of Orissa Sl. No. Name of StateArea 1.West BengalAc.322.930 2.Andhra PradeshAc. 18.987 3.MaharashtraAc. 28.218 4.Madhya PradeshAc. 26.810 5.Tamil NaduAc. 11.885 6.BiharAc. 0.274 Total:Ac.409.104 7.UttaranchalGround floor of two storied building at Raibareli Road in Haldwani town.