Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Bridges. A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Bridges. A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bridges

2 A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle. (Wikipedia)

3 Nature of the terrain where the bridge is constructed Length of span Banks of area to be spanned Height requirements under span Variations in river levels

4 Material available to make it Specialized labor available Funds available to build it Traffic during construction and expected after completion Aesthetic considerations

5 First bridges made by nature First man-made bridges made of logs, planks and later stones. The Arkadiko bridge in Greece (13th century BC), one of the oldest arch bridges in existence

6 Six major types Beam Cantilever Arch Suspension Cable-stayed Truss

7 Horizontal beams supported at each ends by abutments Multiple spans supported by piers Short span range

8 Cantilever Bridge.A structure at least one portion of which acts as an anchorage for sustaining another portion which extends beyond the supporting pier. Built using cantilevers – typically a pair

9 Bridge with abutments at each end shaped as a curved arch Work by transferring loads horizontally to abutments

10 Variation of the arch bridge with deck in tension to support arch rather than the abutments AKA: Bowstring Arch Can have lighter abutments Fort Pitt Bridge

11 Arch bridge where deck is completely above arch Open vs. closed spandrel

12 Cables hung from towers Cables anchored at each end Deck is hung below suspension cables by vertical suspender cables Can be constructed without falsework

13 Similar to suspension bridges Cables attached directly to towers Less cable and lower towers Fan design Harp design

14 One of the oldest types of bridges Composed of connected elements Stressed from tension, compression or both in response to dynamic loads Economical Many variations

15 Cantilever type with truss framework

16 Truss bridge variation with curved shape AKA: Eyebrow Bridge Smithfield Street Bridge

17 A bridge that moves out of the way of traffic Advantage: reduced cost Disadvantage: halts traffic when moved Variations Bascule bridge - a drawbridge hinged on pins with a counterweight to facilitate raising Bascule bridge Swing bridge - the bridge deck rotates around a fixed point, usually at the center, but may resemble a gate in its operation Swing bridge Vertical-lift bridge - the bridge deck is lifted up by counterweighted cables mounted on towers Vertical-lift bridge Many others

18 Salvadori, Mario (1980).Why buildings stand up: The strength of architecture. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. Wikipedia. Bridge. Retrieved October 14, 2011 from


Download ppt "Bridges. A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google