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SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). SS.912.W.2.

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Presentation on theme: "SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). SS.912.W.2."— Presentation transcript:

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5 SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). – SS.912.W.2.2: Describe the impact of Constantine the Great's establishment of "New Rome" (Constantinople) and his recognition of Christianity as a legal religion. – SS.912.W.2.3: Analyze the extent to which the Byzantine Empire was a continuation of the old Roman Empire and in what ways it was a departure. – SS.912.W.2.4: Identify key figures associated with the Byzantine Empire. – SS.912.W.2.5: Explain the contributions of the Byzantine Empire.

6 What were the four primary causes for the fall of the Roman Empire? What were the four primary causes for the fall of the Roman Empire? How did life change from the Roman period to that of the Middle Ages? How did life change from the Roman period to that of the Middle Ages? During the Roman period, the possession of precious metals signified wealth. What would come to signify wealth after the collapse of the empire? During the Roman period, the possession of precious metals signified wealth. What would come to signify wealth after the collapse of the empire?

7 The Middle Ages are often referred to as the Dark Ages – for what reason? The Middle Ages are often referred to as the Dark Ages – for what reason? Is this an accurate assessment of the period? Is this an accurate assessment of the period? What is the difficulty in assessing the beginning and end of this period? What is the difficulty in assessing the beginning and end of this period?

8 How did the Roman Empire exist after the fall of the west in A.D. 476? How did the Roman Empire exist after the fall of the west in A.D. 476?

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10 SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). – SS.912.W.2.9: Analyze the impact of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire on Europe. – SS.912.W.2.10: Describe the orders of medieval social hierarchy, the changing role of the Church, the emergence of feudalism, and the development of private property as a distinguishing feature of Western Civilization.

11 Feudalism is the system in which society is highly stratified. Little social mobility is evident or available. The system relies on low-wage workers or serfs to work the land and provide for the kings or nobles domains. Feudalism is the system in which society is highly stratified. Little social mobility is evident or available. The system relies on low-wage workers or serfs to work the land and provide for the kings or nobles domains.

12 Monarch Nobles Knights Serfs

13 In feudalism there exists another system in which nobles or kings offer land (fiefs) to other nobles (vassals) in exchange for military service and loyalty. As with everything in the Middle Ages it is not as simple as it sounds. In feudalism there exists another system in which nobles or kings offer land (fiefs) to other nobles (vassals) in exchange for military service and loyalty. As with everything in the Middle Ages it is not as simple as it sounds.

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16 It is difficult to say that all of Europe remained under feudalism for an extended period of time. Social, political, and religious institutions differed from region to region and nation to nation. No one system existed in all places at all times. It is akin to saying that the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany have the same socio-political systems. It is difficult to say that all of Europe remained under feudalism for an extended period of time. Social, political, and religious institutions differed from region to region and nation to nation. No one system existed in all places at all times. It is akin to saying that the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany have the same socio-political systems.

17 Within this period western Europe (or Latin Christendom, the terms being more or less analogous) regarded itself, and can be regarded, as a single society, in a sense in which it was not before, and has not been since. Of this outward and visible sign is the fact that Europeans were prepared to recognize in their society some sort of common authority. Within this period western Europe (or Latin Christendom, the terms being more or less analogous) regarded itself, and can be regarded, as a single society, in a sense in which it was not before, and has not been since. Of this outward and visible sign is the fact that Europeans were prepared to recognize in their society some sort of common authority. Medieval Europe, Maurice Keen, p. 12 Medieval Europe, Maurice Keen, p. 12

18 How did the class of serfs come into being? How did the class of serfs come into being? What did they owe the landowner? What did they owe the landowner? What did they receive in return? What did they receive in return? Did serfs have the opportunity for upward mobility? Did serfs have the opportunity for upward mobility?

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21 He received also a sufficient and handsome hall well ceiled with oak. On the western side is a worthy bed, on the ground, a stone chimney, a wardrobe and a certain other small chamber; at the eastern end is a pantry and a buttery. Between the hall and the chapel is a sideroom. There is a decent chapel covered with tiles, a portable altar, and a small cross. In the hall are four tables on trestles.He received also a sufficient and handsome hall well ceiled with oak. On the western side is a worthy bed, on the ground, a stone chimney, a wardrobe and a certain other small chamber; at the eastern end is a pantry and a buttery. Between the hall and the chapel is a sideroom. There is a decent chapel covered with tiles, a portable altar, and a small cross. In the hall are four tables on trestles.

22 There are likewise a good kitchen covered with tiles, with a furnace and ovens, one large, the other small, for cakes, two tables, and alongside the kitchen a small house for baking. Also a new granary covered with oak shingles, and a building in which the dairy is contained, though it is divided. Likewise a chamber suited for clergymen and a necessary chamber. Also a hen-house. These are within the inner gate.There are likewise a good kitchen covered with tiles, with a furnace and ovens, one large, the other small, for cakes, two tables, and alongside the kitchen a small house for baking. Also a new granary covered with oak shingles, and a building in which the dairy is contained, though it is divided. Likewise a chamber suited for clergymen and a necessary chamber. Also a hen-house. These are within the inner gate.

23 Likewise outside of that gate are an old house for the servants, a good table, long and divided, and to the east of the principle building, beyond the smaller stable, a solar for the use of the servants. Also a building in which is contained a bed, also two barns, one for wheat and one for oats.Likewise outside of that gate are an old house for the servants, a good table, long and divided, and to the east of the principle building, beyond the smaller stable, a solar for the use of the servants. Also a building in which is contained a bed, also two barns, one for wheat and one for oats.

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25 Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions. Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions. Thou shalt defend the Church. Thou shalt defend the Church. Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them. Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them. Thou shalt love the country in which thou wast born. Thou shalt love the country in which thou wast born. Thou shalt not recoil before thine enemy. Thou shalt not recoil before thine enemy.

26 Thou shalt make war against the Infidel without cessation, and without mercy. Thou shalt perform scrupulously thy feudal duties, if they be not contrary to the laws of God. Thou shalt never lie, and shall remain faithful to thy pledged word. Thou shalt be generous, and give largess to everyone. Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.

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28 SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). SS.912.W.2 Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan). – SS.912.W.2.9: Analyze the impact of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire on Europe. – SS.912.W.2.10: Describe the orders of medieval social hierarchy, the changing role of the Church, the emergence of feudalism, and the development of private property as a distinguishing feature of Western Civilization. – SS.912.W.2.11: Describe the rise and achievements of significant rulers in medieval – SS.912.W.2.11: Describe the rise and achievements of significant rulers in medieval Europe. – SS.912.W.2.16: Trace the growth and development of national identify in England, France, and Spain.

29 From the ashes of the western empire rose the Merovingian dynasty. From the ashes of the western empire rose the Merovingian dynasty. Who was Clovis? Who was Clovis? How did the Merovingians organize their government? How did the Merovingians organize their government?

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31 How did Merovingian rule differ significantly from that of the Romans? How did Merovingian rule differ significantly from that of the Romans? What is a fisc? What is a fisc? What does the term fidelis mean? What does the term fidelis mean? How did the Frankish kings suffer from their land-giving practice? How did the Frankish kings suffer from their land-giving practice?

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33 North African Muslims had conquered the Iberian Peninsula, crossed the Pyrenees, and had designs for the complete submission of Christian kingdoms in western Europe. How was the Muslim incursion stopped? North African Muslims had conquered the Iberian Peninsula, crossed the Pyrenees, and had designs for the complete submission of Christian kingdoms in western Europe. How was the Muslim incursion stopped?

34 Who was Pippin the Short? Who was Pippin the Short? To where did he move his capital? To where did he move his capital? How did Pippin gain the favor of the pope and thus provide stability to his and his heirs power base? How did Pippin gain the favor of the pope and thus provide stability to his and his heirs power base? How did problems that began under the Merovingians continue under the rule of the Carolingians? How did problems that began under the Merovingians continue under the rule of the Carolingians?

35 Also known as Charlemagne Also known as Charlemagne The son of Pippin the Short The son of Pippin the Short How is the rule of Charlemagne best described? How is the rule of Charlemagne best described?

36 La Chanson de Roland La Chanson de Roland Charlemagnes troops march through the Basque country of Spain to meet with the Muslim governor of the city of Saragossa Charlemagnes troops march through the Basque country of Spain to meet with the Muslim governor of the city of Saragossa What is Rolands temperament, especially in regard to his step-father? What is Rolands temperament, especially in regard to his step-father? How does the story illustrate the concept of chivalry? How does the story illustrate the concept of chivalry?

37 What was the importance of Charlemagnes coronation which was headed by the pope? What was the importance of Charlemagnes coronation which was headed by the pope? Him, the catholic Church of Europe took as its emperor. Him, the catholic Church of Europe took as its emperor. St. Willehad St. Willehad Why would the Catholic Church ally itself with a secular king? Why would the Catholic Church ally itself with a secular king?

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39 Your part is to aid our efforts with your prayers. Your part is to aid our efforts with your prayers. Charlemagne in a letter to Pope Leo III Charlemagne in a letter to Pope Leo III

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41 How did Charlemagne maintain a high level of military organization? How did Charlemagne maintain a high level of military organization? How did this organization benefit him? How did this organization benefit him?

42 Both the Merovingians and Carolingians struggled with succession… why? Both the Merovingians and Carolingians struggled with succession… why? What is primogeniture? What is primogeniture? What happened following the death of Charlemagnes son, Louis the Pious? What happened following the death of Charlemagnes son, Louis the Pious?

43 Charles Martel The Hammer Pippin the Short Charlemagne Louis the Pious Lothar Lothar IICharles Louis II Charles the Bald Louis the German

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45 What problems did the empire experience that made it difficult to keep it together? What problems did the empire experience that made it difficult to keep it together?


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