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growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Towards Healthier & Safer Living Alexey Sokolov
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2008 To create a better everyday life for the many people.
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2008 We shall offer a wide range of well-designed, functional home furnishing products at prices so low that as many people as possible will be able to afford them.
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 All over the world OUR RANGE 9.500 articles developed by IKEA of Sweden. IKEA GROUP FY10 the IKEA Group had operations in 41 countries. 29 Trading Service Offices in 25 countries, 27 Distribution Centers and 11 Customer Distribution Centers in 16 countries.
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 All over the world IKEA STORES 325 stores in 38 countries. In addition 45 IKEA franchise stores in 26 Countries/territories. IKEA VISITORS FY10 the IKEA Group stores had 626 million visitors and the IKEA websites had 712 million visits. IKEA SUPPLIERS FY10 IKEA had 1,074 suppliers in 55 countries.
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Towards Healthier & Safer Living Understanding, Identifying, Measuring, and Reducing Toxic Substances in Furniture Agenda –Background –How IKEA works with chemicals –I dentifying and measuring toxic substances
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 1. Background IKEA products are: Well designed Customer friendly Durable and functional Safe to use Responsibly produced
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Common Customer Questions Which materials are used in this product? How is this product treated (glue, lacquer, formaldehyde)? Are there any dangerous chemicals in this product? Why does this product Smell so strange? Can you guarantee there is no health risk related to the smell? My child is allergic to some chemicals. Does this product contain these? Which product can you recommend us?
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 9 Precautionary Principle " When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically." Better safe than sorry!
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Its about the...
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 2. How IKEA works with chemicals
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Potential sources of hazardous chemicals Direct use of the substance e.g. as an additive in some chemical products used at IKEA supplier or at sub-sub(-etc)-supplier Contamination from recycled material process contamination Insufficient process control
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 How IKEA works with chemical requirements in the purchasing process 1.Supplier and IKEA agree 2.Supplier secures 3.Supplier verifies 4.IKEA verifies the supplier
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Self declaration Tool for communication to and from sub-suppliers Summarizes chemical requirements Test report Testing at IKEA approved labs Safety Data Sheet (SDS) IKEA requirement for all chemical products Third-party supervision basically used to secure low formaldehyde emission from wood- based materials Verifying documentation
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Process control requirements We also verify process control for following special processes at all suppliers: Injection molding of thermo-plastics Gluing of wood-based materials Printing on textile UV-coating on wood-based materials Polyurethane foam production Inorganic coating on metal
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 The process control at IKEA supplier is secured when: Process scheme is followed The measurements are within tolerances Actual measurements are recorded Verification test report is available Input Process Output IKEA allows deliveries from a supplier only if these requirements are fulfilled Process control requirements
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 3. Identifying and measuring toxic substances
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Collect and analyze all verification test reports recieved from IKEA suppliers With use of IKEA-approved laboratories, perform additional random or targeted spot tests on samples taken from IKEA stores or warehouses How we measure and identify toxic substances in IKEA
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Since 2008: Perform XRF-screening of materials with use of hand-held XRF analyzers! Based on IKEAs world-wide experience, perform material risk assessment to improve efficiency of additional verification How we measure and identify toxic substances in IKEA
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Lead in paint and lacquering Formaldehyde in wood-based materials Alkylphenolethoxylates in textile Volatile organic compounds emission from final articles Just a few examples of tests that we perform in laboratories on regular basis
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 All tests are done in accordance with the standard methods stated in specifications An example of standard test method in IKEA chemical specification
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 In addition to laboratory testing, we have one more verification tool… X-Ray Fluorescence Handheld Analyzers
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 XRF analysis in IKEA Advantages of handheld XRF: Non-destructive, reliable and precise identification of hazardous elements in various materials, based on XRF Fluorescence Easy to use in office or take to supplier, to the store or raw material warehouse Completely safe when used by trained staff Precise, easy, fast and reliable measurements as additional control to secure safety in IKEA
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 XRF analysis in IKEA Quick and easy identification of: Lead in different surface coatings: paint/lacquer on wood, powder coatings, ceramic glaze Lead and Cadmium in metal alloys, glass, polymeric, textile
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 XRF analysis in IKEA Quick and easy identification of: Brominated flame-retardants in plastics, e.g. in expanded polystyrene Unapproved usage of external recycled polymerics or textile materials
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 XRF analysis in IKEA XRF allows IKEA to identify chemical risk and take precautionary actions even before sending samples for wet chemical tests
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 XRF analysis in IKEA When we use XRF in IKEA: Final gate-check of a new product before the first delivery to IKEA Screening of raw materials at suppliers to identify possible source of contamination Inspections of products in the stores Other ad hoc activities, e.g. internal investigations
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 XRF analysis in IKEA History of implementation: XRF has been used by IKEA Test Lab since 2008 In 2009-2011 14 XRF analyzers were purchased by IKEA Trading, i.e. all our biggest Trading offices of IKEA are now equipped with one XRF device About 15 specialists (XRF superusers) from IKEA Trading offices worldwide were trained personally by the producers of the XRF analyzer on two special trainings
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 XRF analysis in IKEA History of implementation: Each XRF superuser in IKEA is able to provide support and training for other users in their office 2011: IKEA Guideline document about how to use the XRF, how to handle typical materials and articles; and with emphasis on clear & simple safety instructions
growing IKEA Together © Inter IKEA Systems B.V. 2011 Tack Thank you Спасибо
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