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© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (COG) Recycling Committee Meeting March 18, 2010 Greenhouse Gas Protocol Product/Supply Chain Initiative 1 1
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Outline Overview of the GHG Protocol Initiative GHG Protocol Supply Chain Initiative – Standards Under Development – Timeline – Road Testing Process Impact on Products – Product Stewardship – Product Design – End-of-Life 2
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Convened in 1998 by WRI and WBCSD A multi-stakeholder partnership of businesses, NGOs, governments and others convened by WRI and WBCSD Mission: Develop internationally accepted GHG accounting and reporting standards and to promote their use worldwide Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 GHG Protocol Publications
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 New Standards in Development: The Supply Chain Initiative Scope 3 (Corporate Value Chain) Accounting & Reporting Standard Quantify and report major GHG emissions in the value chain at the company/organization level (scope 3) To understand, manage, and report GHG emissions across the entire value chain Build on GHG Protocol Corporate Standard Quantify and report product-level emissions To understand, manage, and report the life cycle GHG emissions associated with individual products Build on existing life cycle assessment standards Product Life Cycle Accounting & Reporting Standard 5
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Scope 3 Accounting and Reporting Standard Scope 3 emissions = All other indirect emissions upstream & downstream of a company 6
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Drivers for a new standard: – Increasing number of companies looking beyond their own boundaries – Increased awareness and management of climate- related risks along the supply chain Standard goal: provide a consistent and robust reporting methodology to support GHG emissions transparency and management along the value chain 7 Scope 3 Accounting and Reporting Standard
© WRI & WBCSD, Tier 1 Suppliers Reporting Company VALUE CHAIN Cradle Grave Cradle to Gate emissions of purchased products and services Gate to Grave emissions from sold products and services Gate Raw Materials Energy Activities Capital Equipment Transportation Product Distribution Product Use Product Disposal Scope 2 and 3Scope 3Scope 1 PurchaseSale Emissions from the companys operations
© WRI & WBCSD, The overarching method for accounting for product GHG emissions is a life cycle approach Product Life Cycle Standard
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Product Life Cycle Standard 10 Drivers for a new standard: –Increased demand for GHG inventory data –Business-to-business –Business-to-customer –Importance of the product life cycle to a companys supply chain emissions –Need for an accounting and reporting standard Standard Goal: Provide a consistent accounting and reporting standard for public disclosure of product- level GHG emissions and ultimately influence decisions to reduce GHG impacts along a products life cycle
© WRI & WBCSD, Product Life Cycle Standard Business value created through conducting product-level GHG inventories may include: – Supplier engagement and reduction opportunities – Tracking reductions through public reporting – Product differentiation Does this standard support product labeling? NO – This standard is general enough to be used for a wide range of products and sectors – More prescriptiveness is recommended for product comparisons like labeling
© WRI & WBCSD, Process Structure for Standard Development WRI/WBCSD Secretariat Steering Committee (25 members) Product Technical Working Groups ( 100+ members) Scope 3 Technical Working Groups ( 60+ members) Stakeholder Advisory Group (1,000+) Product StandardScope 3 Standard
© WRI & WBCSD, Timeline 13 DateActivity November 2007 Survey and consultations to assess need for new standards September 2008 Steering Committee Meeting #1 (Washington DC) Technical Working Group Meeting #1 (London) January 2009 Working groups begin drafting March 2009 Steering Committee Meeting #2 (Geneva) June 2009 Technical Working Group Meeting #2 (Washington DC) August 2009 Stakeholder webinar and comment period October 2009 Steering Committee Meeting #3 (Washington DC) November - December 2009 First draft of standards released for stakeholder review Five stakeholder workshops (in Berlin, Germany; Guangzhou, China; Beijing, China; London, UK; Washington, DC, USA) Stakeholder comment period on first drafts January - June 2010 Road testing by several companies Summer/Fall 2010 Public comment period on second drafts December 2010 Finalize Standard Text for Publication
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Road Testing Unique to other standard development processes Over 70 companies are completing a road test of one or both of the new standards – Monthly progress calls, in-person workshop – Road Testers provide practical feedback on the usability of the standards This feedback, along with stakeholder comments, will be used to update the standards before the next public comment period 14
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Impact on Products What impacts do the creation of these standards have on: – Product Stewardship – Product Design – Product End-of-Life 15
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Product Stewardship & Design Product-centered approach to environmental protection – Scope 3 goes beyond a companies boundaries to consider the impacts of the products they buy and sell – Both standards engage suppliers and customers to account for and manage GHG emissions on the product-level Reductions possible through product innovation – Smart packaging – Bio-based materials – Use-stage energy reductions 16
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Product End-of-Life Supply chain and life cycle approaches draw attention to waste management and recycling – GHG reductions possible through: Using waste in subsequent product systems Degradable products and packaging Energy recovery Recycling/buy-back programs Data needs to improve end-of-life accounting: – Recycling rates – Waste treatment options – Waste treatment emissions 17
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 Questions? 18
© WRI & WBCSD, 2010 For More Information Please visit our website: and-supply-chain-standard – Access to the draft standards and other standard development materials – Become a stakeholder Receive updates on the standard development process Submit comments on the next draft For more information about the GHG Protocol Initiative: 19
© WRI & WBCSD, Thank You 20 Laura Draucker, PhD World Resources Institute
Greenhouse Gas Protocol Product & Supply Chain Initiative US Climate Partnership Association 23 June 2010 David Rich World Resources Institute.
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