Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Role of Power Electronics for Safety and Conservation of Electrical Energy Ramjee Lal Meena Department of Electrical Engineering Delhi Technological University,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Role of Power Electronics for Safety and Conservation of Electrical Energy Ramjee Lal Meena Department of Electrical Engineering Delhi Technological University,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Role of Power Electronics for Safety and Conservation of Electrical Energy Ramjee Lal Meena Department of Electrical Engineering Delhi Technological University, Delhi-42

2 2 ORGANISATION OF THE PRESENTATION Introduction to Power Electronics Power Semiconductor Device (PDS) Power Converter Power Processor Advantage of Power Electronics Applications of Power Electronics for Electrical Energy Contd.

3 3 Emphasis of applications of Power Electronics in the area of Safety, Conservation, Power Quality and Renewable Sources Practical possible use of PE at home Trends of Power Electronics NaMPET : GOI Mission

4 4 Power Electronics Power Electronics is the electronics applied to conversion and control of electrical power. Range of Power Scale Milliwatts(mW) Megawatts(MW) Gigawatts(GW) The primary task of Power Electronics is to process and control flow of electrical energy by supplying voltages and currents in a form that is optimally suited for user loads

5 5 Power Semiconductor Devices Power Diode –Uni-polar, –uncontrolled, –switching device –used in applications such as rectification and –circuit directional current control.

6 6 SCR: Silicon Controlled Rectifier

7 7 This semi-controlled device turns on when a gate pulse is present and the anode is positive compared to the cathode. This semi-controlled device turns on when a gate pulse is present and the anode is positive compared to the cathode. When a gate pulse is present, the device operates like a standard diode. When a gate pulse is present, the device operates like a standard diode. When the anode is negative compared to the cathode, the device turns off and blocks positive or negative voltages present. When the anode is negative compared to the cathode, the device turns off and blocks positive or negative voltages present. The gate voltage does not allow the device to turn off The gate voltage does not allow the device to turn off SCR: Silicon Controlled Rectifier

8 8 Gate Turn Off Thyristor The GTO, unlike an SCR, can be turned on and off with a gate pulse. The GTO, unlike an SCR, can be turned on and off with a gate pulse. One issue with the device is that turn off gate voltages are usually larger and require more current than turn on levels. One issue with the device is that turn off gate voltages are usually larger and require more current than turn on levels. These devices, because of developments in IGCT technology are not very popular in the power electronics realm. These devices, because of developments in IGCT technology are not very popular in the power electronics realm. They are considered controlled, uni-polar and bi-polar voltage blocking They are considered controlled, uni-polar and bi-polar voltage blocking

9 9 TRIAC The TRIAC is a device that is essentially an integrated pair of SCR connected in inverse-parallel on the same chip. [ The TRIAC is a device that is essentially an integrated pair of SCR connected in inverse-parallel on the same chip. [ [

10 10 Power Transistors Power BJT Power BJT Power MOSFET Power MOSFET IGBT( Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor ) IGBT( Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor )

11 Power Converter 11

12 Power Processor

13 13

14 14

15 15

16 16

17 17

18 18

19 19

20 20

21 21

22 22

23 Advantages of PE High Efficiency High Reliability Low Maintenance Fast dynamic response ( ms, µs) Small size Low Cost (Mass Production) 23

24 24

25 25 THE ITIC CURVE

26 FRIENDS The word FRIENDS stands for Flexible Reliable and Intelligent Electrical eNergy Delivery Systems Problem of Safety, Conservation and poor power quality can be solved by power electronics based FRIENDS devices Main FRIENDS devices Static Current Limiter (SCL) Static Circuit Breaker (SCB) Static Transfer Switch (STS) 26

27 27 General concept of FRIENDS

28 28 FRIENDS Network

29 29 Quality Control Center

30 30 GTO-based SCL topology ZnO Arrester Back-to-back GTO Switch Let-Through Reactor Inductor IzIz IiIi I sw IfIf Supply Side Load Side

31 31 GTO and VCB based SCB topology ZnO Arrester Back-to-back GTO Switch IzIz IbIb I sw IfIf Supply Side Load Side High-Speed VCB

32 Preferred Source Critical Load FAULT ZnO Sw1 Sw2 i pp i pn i ap i an ZfZf ZfZf Alternative Source I z1 I z2 I s1 I s2 IaIa T pp Thyristor based STS topology T pn T an T ap

33 Preferred Source Critical Load FAULT ZnO Sw1 Sw2 i pp i pn i ap i an ZfZf ZfZf Alternative Source I z1 I z2 I s1 I s2 IaIa T pp Thyristor based STS topology T pn T an T ap

34 NaMPET: National Mission on Power Electronics Technology NaMPET is a national mission programme launched in November 2004 by the Department of Information Technology(DIT) under Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Government of India. This five year programme is implemented through the Nodal Centre at the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Thiruvananthapuram. Premier Academic Institutions in the country, Manufacturing Industries and User Industries of Power Electronics Systems participate in this programme. A National Steering Committee comprising of eminent experts from different agencies and institutions in India guides the activities of NaMPET. 34

35 NaMPET: Vision To provide the country with capability to become a dominant player in Power Electronics Technology at the international level. This is a National level R&D Programme facilitating Research, Development, Deployment and Commercialization of Power Electronics Technology by enhancing the indigenous R&D expertise and infrastructure in the country with active participation from academic institutions and industries. 35

36 NaMPET: Focus Areas Power Quality Improvement / Smart power for Digital Economy. Electric traction / Electric & Hybrid Electric Vehicles / Automotive Electronics. Distributed power generation / Renewable energy and Micro generator control. Advanced Magnetics / Energy Storage Systems. New topologies for Converter / Inverter applications. New generation sensors for PE applications. Modeling / Simulation packages. Standard PE module with the state of the art developments

37 37 Conclusions Protection both appliance and life against Fault and unhealthy conditions of Electrical Energy System Mitigation of voltage sags and swells Power supply of different reliability The main contributions of the Power Electronics and FRIENDS Devices for Safety, conservation and improving the power quality can be summarized as follows:

38 Conclusions contd. Interface to dispersed generation systems Flexibility in Configuration of the System Load Leveling and Energy Conservation NaMPET: Vision 38

39 39


Download ppt "Role of Power Electronics for Safety and Conservation of Electrical Energy Ramjee Lal Meena Department of Electrical Engineering Delhi Technological University,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google