Presentation on theme: "Where are the major mountain ranges located?"— Presentation transcript:
1Where are the major mountain ranges located? How many mountain ranges can you name?
2ObjectivesAll students must be able to name the main mountain ranges from around the worldMost students should be able to explain how plate movements lead to the formation of mountainsSome students could explain why we have mountains in the UK despite being far from plate boundariesSTRIPE – Innovative learner - Use different learning styles
3Specification key ideas 2.1 Mountains are found in particular areas of the world.2.2 There are major mountain ranges on most continents.
4StarterComplete a map from memory exercise to find out where 10 of the world’s main mountain ranges are locatedWork in groups of four, with one student going to look at the main map at a time, then adding whatever they can remember to your outline mapSwap maps and mark them – give one mark for each range accurately located and one for each range that is named
5What is the relationship between mountains and plate boundaries? You will be given a map showing the plate boundariesAdd the main mountain ranges to this map - Rockies, Andes, Alps, Himalayas, Great Dividing Range, Pyrenees and Atlas.Describe the relationship shown on your map
6What can you remember about plate boundaries and volcanoes from years 8 and 9? Watch to recap the key points about the structure of the earth and plate boundaries in song!
7TaskDivide a page into four and use diagrams & writing to show what happens at constructive, destructive (collision), destructive (subduction) and conservative boundaries (see the Geog.3 textbook for help).Include information about faulting, folding, volcanic activity and earthquakes on your diagrams.
8Recapping plate boundaries Recap – have a go at plate boundaries kung fu – see
9ObjectivesAll students must be able to name the main mountain ranges from around the worldMost students should be able to explain how plate movements lead to the formation of mountainsSome students could explain why we have mountains in the UK despite being far from plate boundariesSTRIPE – Innovative learner - Use different learning styles
10How do fold mountains form? Look at page 45 in the black textbook to find out how fold mountains form.Watch
11Fold mountains in the Andes The Andes Mountains run the length of the West Coast of South America, rising in the North in Colombia and finishing in Chile and Argentina in the South. They are world's longest mountain range running for over 7,000km and covering 6 countries.
12How did the Andes form?The mountains have been formed as a result of the convergence of the Nazca plate and the South American plate. The heavier oceanic crust of the Nazca plate is pushed towards the South American plate, and because it is denser is subducted underneath. The South American plate is less dense so sits on top of this subduction zone, but the rocks of the South American plate have been folded upwards and crumpled into fold mountains.
13Andes facts and figures! There is a sequence of volcanoes and fold mountains, rising up to 6962m at Aconcagua. The trench (marking the boundary between the Nazca and South American plates) to the West of the Andes mountains is called the Peru-Chile Trench, and reaches an incredible depth of 8066m under the sea level.
14Task Answer the following exam question in your book: Explain how mountains have formed in an area which you have studied. You may wish to use a diagram. (6 marks)Top tip – include fold mountains and volcanoes for top marks.
15Peer assessmentLevel 1: Process of folding or volcanic activity briefly explained, but not in relation to a specific area (1-2 marks)Level 2: Process of folding or volcanic activity is clearly explained in relation to a specific area (3-4 marks)Level 3: Processes of folding and volcanic activity are both clearly explained in relation to a specific area, with good use of locational detail (5-6 marks).
16Feedback about answer: What went well (WWW)?Even better if (EBI)?
17What is the difference between folding and faulting? Watch to find out!Summarise the difference in your book – you may wish to use diagrams.
18HomeworkWorking in pairs or individually, produce a revision resource to explain how The Andes mountains formed –VISUAL LEARNERS (IMAGES)– why not make a poster, an annotated diagram or a series of illustrations?VISUAL LEARNERS (WRITING) – why not write an explanation of the process?AUDITORY LEARNERS – why not write a poem or a rap and record it to share?KINAESTHETIC LEARNERS – why not make a model or a series of models?
19ReflectionWhy are there mountains in Britain when we aren’t on a plate boundary?Have we been innovative learners today?