Presentation on theme: "Realism A reaction to Romanticism. Not escapist. No idealization or sensationalism of subjects. Its got a hard edge. 19 th Century. 1800-1874 Representation."— Presentation transcript:
Realism A reaction to Romanticism. Not escapist. No idealization or sensationalism of subjects. Its got a hard edge. 19 th Century Representation of real life. Facts of the modern world as personally experienced. Gods and goddesses and heroes are out. Peasants and working class are in Represented people as they saw them. Used the medium itself to represent reality.
Honore Daumier. Third Class Carriage Working class passengers represented as dignified, despite the de-humanizing effect of modern mass transportation.
The Sower Millet, Jean -Francois 1850 ca. Again, focus on the quiet and sturdy dignity of the lower classes-- peasant. Before, peasants represented as doltish
Caillebotte, Rainy Day Paris (1870s) Technology--electric light; Hausmanns reconstruction of Paris
Impressionism Closeness to nature. Worked on the spot in nature rather than from studios. Capturing an instant or moment. Interested in light and color. Soft outlines. Increased the brightness of the canvas. Blurred unclean lines.
Manet, Bar at the Folies-Bergere 1882 Monet, Rouen Cathedral Subject matter: Parisian street and café scenes, outdoors, seaside Purpose: to portray immediate visual sensations of a scene Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette 1876 Degas L'absinthe (The Glass of Absinthe 1876
Manet, Le Dejeuner sur lherbe (Luncheon on the Grass) 1863 SCANDALOUS!!! Why?
Pointillism Used small dots. Allowed the eye to blend the colors. No actual lines. Very calculated placement of colors. Careful composition of dots. (PART OF POST-IMPRESSIONISM))
Seurat, Un dimanche après-midi à l'Ile de la Grande Jatte ; ("Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte)
Details and enlargements
Paul Gauguin. Tahitian Women on South Beach Oil on canvas.
Vincent Van Gogh. Starry Night over the Rhone.
Claude Monet. Impression, Sunrise Oil on canvas.
Vincent Van Gogh. Self Portrait with Bandaged Ear Oil on canvas.
Vincent Van Gogh. Mme Roulin Oil on canvas. Vincent Van Gogh. Dr. Gachet Oil on canvas.
Vincent van Gogh. Café Terrace Oil on canvas. Vincent Van Gogh. The Night Café Oil on canvas.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Moulin Rouge Lithograph. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. At The Moulin Rouge
Edgar Degas. Four Dancers. c Oil on canvas. National Gallery of Art, Washington Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Rue des Moulins: The Medical Inspection Oil on cardboard
Expressionism Emphasis on emotion. Over exaggerated figures. Expressive concern for psychology. Less concerned with objects. More concerned with the effects produced. Concern with personal experience. Personal emotion.
Edvard Munch. Ashes Oil on canvas.
Edvard Munch. The Scream Oil on canvas. Edvard Munch. Anxiety Oil on canvas.
The Fauves: Bold colors. Exaggeration of forms. Un relatable shapes and forms. Classic subjects. Henri Matisse. Woman in a Purple Coat Oil on canvas.
Henri Matisse. Decorative Figure On and Ornamental Ground Oil on canvas.