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ESL Supplemental Certification Training 154

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Presentation on theme: "ESL Supplemental Certification Training 154"— Presentation transcript:

1 ESL Supplemental Certification Training 154
Evangelina Guerra Hitchcock ISD

2 Contents Domain I Domain II Domain III Acronyms

3 Overview of ESL (154 Supplemental) http://texes. ets
Domain I (25%) Language Concept Language Acquisition Domain II (45%) ESL Instruction Assessment Domain III (30%) Foundations of ESL Education Cultural Awareness Family and Community Involvement


5 Language Social shared code or system for representing concepts through the use of arbitrary symbols and rule-governed combinations of those symbols.

6 Communication the signal will be interpreted as intended.
Production of signals with the intention of relaying information and the expectation that the signal will be interpreted as intended.

7 Nonlinguistic Cues Includes gestures, body posture, facial expressions, eye contact, head and body movement, and physical distance.

8 Linguistic Competence
Knowledge of the operating principles needed to be a language user. Enables language users to determine what makes sense and what is nonsense.

9 Nature and Concepts of Language Systems
Phonology Semantics Morphology Discourse Syntax Pragmatics Lexicon

10 BICS vs. CALP (Cummins) Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
Everyday language Communicative Universal across all native speakers Usually takes 2 to 3 years to master Cognitive-Academic Language Proficiency Reading/writing connection Abstract thinking Academic instruction Usually takes from 5 to 7 years to master

11 Second Language Is taught and learned in the following order:
Listening Speaking Reading Writing

12 Errors Acquiring Second Language
Contrastive Analysis Errors in L2 are a result of differences between first and second language. Error Analysis Errors occur because of a language development or little or no development of L1 or L2.


14 Factors that Affect ELL Students’ Learning
Age Differences ▶ Pacing Gender ▶ Methods Teacher ▶ Aptitude Cognitive Development ▶ Time Learning Styles ▶ Setting Grouping Practices ▶ Motivating Attitude ▶ Materials

15 Understand the Process of L1 and L2
Code-Switching is moving from L1 to L2 and back to L1. Period with no verbal sound / communication Learner is absorbing and taking in new learning This period could last from 4 to 8 months

16 Oral Fluency Levels Pre-Production Stage Early Production Stage
Speech Emergency Stage Intermediate Fluency Stage

17 Learning Styles Visual Tactile Kinestetic Auditory

18 ESL Teaching Methods Audio Lingual Approach
Language Experience Approach Total Physical Response Silent Way Natural Approach Cognitive Approach

19 Literacy Instruction Focuses on understanding and communicating meaning Takes place within a rich, challenging and content-centered curriculum Uses many kinds of activities Incorporates students’ experiencies in order to provide “comprehensible input”

20 Development of CALP The learner would demonstrate the ability to perform such complex tasks as: Sequence of events Distinguish facts from fantasy Complete worksheets and tests in the content areas Use charts, tables, graphs, maps Engage in class discussions Work in reference material

21 Learning Activities Related to the Brain Hemispheres
Workbooks Drill and repetition Following Directions Computations Collecting facts Creative art activities Creative writing Self-expressive activities Solving problems Values clarification LEFT BRAIN RIGHT BRAIN

22 Modifications in the Classroom
Instruction Pacing Methods

23 Assessment TAKS Portfolios IDEA Self assessment TELPAS
Woodcock Munoz Portfolios Self assessment Oral performance Writing assessment Formal Informal

24 LEP Policies TEA Education Code Chapter 29.051-29.064
TAC Chapter 89, Subchapter BB


26 History of Bil/ESL Education
National Defense Education Act(1958) Provided federal money for the expansion of foreign-language teaching. Bilingual Education Act(1968) LES students will increase English-language skills, maintain and perhaps increase mother-tongue skills, and support the cultural heritage of the student. Equal Educational Opportunities Act(1974) Implement meaningful instruction for students of Limited English Proficiency.

27 History of Bil/ESL Education (Cont.)
Amendments to the Bilingual Education Act(1978) Funds for research were included. Refugee Act(1980) Legislation provides funds for educational programs and other services for refugees.

28 Court Decisions Lau v. Nichols, San Francisco (1974)
1800 Chinese students not being educated equally. Cintrón v. Brentwood Union Free School District, New York (1977) Bilingual teachers being fired. Ríos v. Read, Patchogue-Medford, New York (1977) New York should provide quality program for ESL students. Castañeda v. Pickard, Raymondville, Texas (1981) Discrimination and inadequate bilingual instruction.

29 Types of ESL Programs Self-contained Pull-out classes Newcomer centers
Dual language classrooms Immersion programs

30 Domains of an ESL Program
Affective domain Linguistic domain Cognitive domain

31 Teacher Awareness Biculturalism Acculturation Assimilation Ethnicity

32 ESL Teacher Roles Serving on the LPAC Serving on the ARD committee
Serving on the SBDM committee Serving as a resource for other teachers

33 Parental Communication
Parent/teacher conferences Mid-point progress checks End of an instructional reporting period Report cards

34 Technology Integration
Technology that supports literacy Computer-assisted language learning Use of the Internet

35 Student Expectations Expectations for all students should be to perform at the highest level possible for each individual student. Language barrier should not be a factor in expecting the best the student has to offer.

36 Family Environment The environment a child is raised in can have a huge impact on a student’s learning and the knowledge they come to the classroom with. Motivation, real life skills, self-esteem, importance of education, respect of educators, and background information are all factors that affect the student’s learning potential.

37 Acronyms, How many do you know?

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