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Topic 3 Instructional graphics OWT 410

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Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

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Definition of instructional graphics Instructional graphics help explain something to the viewer in a manner that hopefully increases retention of the subject matter. Part 1 of 1 … 3 Example 1 Example 2Example 3Example 4 Example 5 Retention refers to the retainment (memorisation) of subject matter or content.

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Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

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Functions of instructional graphics Instructional graphics have seven possible functions: Descriptive: To show what an object looks like. Example …Example … Expressive: To make an impact on the learner. Example …Example … Constructional: To show how parts fit together into the whole. Example …Example … Functional: To show a process or the organisation of a system in a simplified manner. Example …Example … Logico-mathematical: To display mathematical concepts such as a curve graph. Some line graphs and charts with a scaled X and Y axis fall into this category. Example …Example … Part 1 of 2 … 6

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Functions of instructional graphics Algorithmic: To show a holistic picture of the range of possibilities. Flow charts fall into this category. Example …Example … Data display: Illustrating textual data visually. Bar charts, pie charts, and histograms fall into this category. Example …Example … Part 1 of 2 … 3

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Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

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Types of instructional graphics Instructional graphics can be classified as: Representational graphics: closely resemble the object(s) they depict. For example, a stick figure can represent a person. Example... Example... Analogical graphics: show one thing and by analogy imply something else. For example, a graphic of a sword might be shown to illustrate the concept of medieval warfare. Example...Example... Arbitrary graphics: include tables, charts, and cognitive maps that have no real-life counterpart that they are attempting to portray. Example... Example... Part 1 of 1 … 4

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Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

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Instructional graphics Plant cell Return

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Instructional graphics Volcano Return

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Instructional graphics Melting iron ore Return

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Instructional graphics Cargo ship Return

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Instructional graphics Container Return

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Descriptive graphic Return

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Constructional graphic Return

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Functional graphic Return

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Algorithmic graphic Return

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Logico-mathematical graphic Return

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Data display graphic Return

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Expressive graphic Return

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Representational graphic Return

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Analogical graphic Return

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Arbitrary graphic Return

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