# Topic 3 Instructional graphics OWT 410. Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional.

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Topic 3 Instructional graphics OWT 410

Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

Definition of instructional graphics Instructional graphics help explain something to the viewer in a manner that hopefully increases retention of the subject matter. Part 1 of 1 … 3 Example 1 Example 2Example 3Example 4 Example 5 Retention refers to the retainment (memorisation) of subject matter or content.

Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

Functions of instructional graphics Instructional graphics have seven possible functions: Descriptive: To show what an object looks like. Example …Example … Expressive: To make an impact on the learner. Example …Example … Constructional: To show how parts fit together into the whole. Example …Example … Functional: To show a process or the organisation of a system in a simplified manner. Example …Example … Logico-mathematical: To display mathematical concepts such as a curve graph. Some line graphs and charts with a scaled X and Y axis fall into this category. Example …Example … Part 1 of 2 … 6

Functions of instructional graphics Algorithmic: To show a holistic picture of the range of possibilities. Flow charts fall into this category. Example …Example … Data display: Illustrating textual data visually. Bar charts, pie charts, and histograms fall into this category. Example …Example … Part 1 of 2 … 3

Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

Types of instructional graphics Instructional graphics can be classified as: Representational graphics: closely resemble the object(s) they depict. For example, a stick figure can represent a person. Example... Example... Analogical graphics: show one thing and by analogy imply something else. For example, a graphic of a sword might be shown to illustrate the concept of medieval warfare. Example...Example... Arbitrary graphics: include tables, charts, and cognitive maps that have no real-life counterpart that they are attempting to portray. Example... Example... Part 1 of 1 … 4

Instructional graphics Definition of instructional graphics Functions of instructional graphics Types of instructional graphics

Instructional graphics Plant cell Return

Instructional graphics Volcano Return

Instructional graphics Melting iron ore Return

Instructional graphics Cargo ship Return

Instructional graphics Container Return

Descriptive graphic Return

Constructional graphic Return

Functional graphic Return

Algorithmic graphic Return

Logico-mathematical graphic Return

Data display graphic Return

Expressive graphic Return

Representational graphic Return

Analogical graphic Return

Arbitrary graphic Return

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