## Presentation on theme: "4.9 Solving Quadratic Inequalities"— Presentation transcript:

EXAMPLE 4 Solve a quadratic inequality using a table Solve x2 + x ≤ 6 using a table. SOLUTION Rewrite the inequality as x2 + x – 6 ≤ 0. Then make a table of values. Notice that x2 + x – 6 ≤ 0 when the values of x are between –3 and 2, inclusive. The solution of the inequality is –3 ≤ x ≤ 2. ANSWER

EXAMPLE 5 Solve a quadratic inequality by graphing Solve 2x2 + x – 4 ≥ 0 by graphing. SOLUTION The solution consists of the x-values for which the graph of y = 2x2 + x – 4 lies on or above the x-axis. Find the graph’s x-intercepts by letting y = 0 and using the quadratic formula to solve for x. 0 = 2x2 + x – 4 x = – – 4(2)(–4) 2(2) x = 4 x or x –1.69

EXAMPLE 5 Solve a quadratic inequality by graphing Sketch a parabola that opens up and has 1.19 and –1.69 as x-intercepts. The graph lies on or above the x-axis to the left of (and including) x = –1.69 and to the right of (and including) x = 1.19. ANSWER The solution of the inequality is approximately x ≤ –1.69 or x ≥ 1.19.

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 4 and 5 Solve the inequality 2x2 + 2x ≤ 3 using a table and using a graph. ANSWER –1.8 ≤ x ≤ 0.82

-9 -6 -8 -4

EXAMPLE 7 Solve a quadratic inequality algebraically Solve x2 – 2x > 15 algebraically. SOLUTION First, write and solve the equation obtained by replacing > with = . x2 – 2x = 15 Write equation that corresponds to original inequality. x2 – 2x – 15 = 0 Write in standard form. (x + 3)(x – 5) = 0 Factor. x = –3 or x = 5 Zero product property

EXAMPLE 7 Solve a quadratic inequality algebraically The numbers –3 and 5 are the critical x-values of the inequality x2 – 2x > 15. Plot –3 and 5 on a number line, using open dots because the values do not satisfy the inequality. The critical x-values partition the number line into three intervals. Test an x-value in each interval to see if it satisfies the inequality. Test x = – 4: Test x = 1: Test x = 6: (–4)2 – 2(–4) = 24 > 15 12 – 2(1)= –1 >15 62 –2(6) = 24 >15 The solution is x < –3 or x > 5. ANSWER

Solve the inequality using any method.

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