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Parts of a Lab Gaiser Life Science Know What are the important parts of conducting a lab experiment? Evidence Page 19 1.high datahigh data 2.low datalow.

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Presentation on theme: "Parts of a Lab Gaiser Life Science Know What are the important parts of conducting a lab experiment? Evidence Page 19 1.high datahigh data 2.low datalow."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Parts of a Lab Gaiser Life Science

3 Know What are the important parts of conducting a lab experiment? Evidence Page 19 1.high datahigh data 2.low datalow data

4 Beginning the lab - the initial question on which the lab is built - the initial question on which the lab is builtTestable question Clarifying ?s Information Page 20 hypothesis - a prediction of what will happed after the lab has been conducted - a prediction of what will happed after the lab has been conducted Example: What will happen to the gill movement of a goldfish when it is put into water at different temperatures? Example: If a gold fish is put into water with different temperatures, then its gill movement speed will change because the temperature will affect how well the fish can breathe. 1. The researcher creates a testable question. This is more than just a question; it is a question with enough information to launch the lab experiment. 2. In a hypothesis, the researcher predicts what might happen. Parts of a Lab or Experiment 3. The hypothesis is always stated as an IF, THEN, BECAUSE statement.

5 Clarifying ?s Information Page Something is changed in the experiment. The manipulated variable is the IF part of the hypothesis. Example: If a goldfish is put into water of three different temperatures Manipulated variable - the part of the experiment or lab that the researcher changes. - the part of the experiment or lab that the researcher changes. Example: the different temperatures of water being used Responding variable - the data that the experiment provides for the researcher - the data that the experiment provides for the researcher Example: the speed at which the goldfishs gills move When the experiment or lab is conducted, it will give the researcher data. Parts of a Lab or Experiment data - information - information Example: If a goldfish is put into water of three different temperatures then its gill movements will slow down or speed up.. The responding variable is the THEN part of the hypothesis.

6 Clarifying ?s Information Page 21 The researcher decides what will be necessary to conduct the experiment and writes out a list of materials. 2. Make a list of materials. Parts of a Lab or Experiment 3. Write a procedure. The researcher must write out a detailed step by step set of instructions for others who might duplicate the lab. Example: 3 fish bowls, 1 goldfish, thermometer, & ice Example: Step 1. Fill three fish bowls with tap water and allow to stand at room temperature. Step 2. Add ice to the second bowl to cool it 10 degrees C. etc., etc., … 4. Begin the experiment. Start the experiment and record any data collected in a data table.

7 Clarifying ?s Information tables - Data that is displayed in an array of boxes - Data that is displayed in an array of boxes Example: table of gill beats per minute graphs - Data that is displayed in coordinates against a gridwork of lines - Data that is displayed in coordinates against a gridwork of lines The researcher takes the data from the data table and arranges it into a graph, which is easier and quicker to read. Example: an X Y graph 5. Graph the data. Parts of a Lab or Experiment 4. Begin the experiment. Start the experiment and record any data collected in a data table. X AXIS YAXISYAXIS Page 21

8 Clarifying ?s Information A properly designed graph should have a title, a key, clearly labeled X and Y axes, and easy to read lines and points. Parts of a Lab or Experiment 6. Interpret the data. 6. When the data can be understood by reading the graph, the researcher must make a decision. Example: was the hypothesis supported or not? How is a graph designed? 7. Write a conclusion/ explanation. When the researcher writes the conclusion/explanation, he/she should restate the hypothesis, decide if the hypothesis was supported or not, and decide whether further experimentation should be carried out. Example 1: According to the research, the gill beats of a goldfish slowed down as the temperature of its water was lowered. These findings do support the hypothesis and no further research is needed. Page 22 Example 2: According to the research, the gill beats of a goldfish stayed the same as the temperature of its water was lowered. These findings do not support the hypothesis and further research is needed.

9 Clarifying ?s Information Summary: Parts of a Lab or Experiment The final step of the lab is to repeat Steps 1-8 to verify validity. 8. Test for validity. For future labs, the researcher should make recommendations for how the experiment can be improved for further studies. Page 22 Example: According to the research, the gill beats of a goldfish stayed the same as the temperature of its water was lowered. These findings do not support the hypothesis and further research is needed.

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11 This PowerPoint was created from Charlene Sheas lecture notes by Tim Paterek. It is copyrighted and may not be reproduced outside the Vancouver School District. All pictures came from Google Image Search. To fall within the Fair Use Guidelines, this PowerPoint must be used within the confines of the classroom and may not be published back onto the Internet unless the pictures are removed.


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