2 OBJECTIVE 1 Thoughtfully select color schemes that enhance your presentation display and support your presentation content By the end of the workshop, you should be able to:
3 OBJECTIVE 2 Develop overhead transparencies and electronic presentations such as PowerPoint that supplement your program content, guide your presentation, are visually appealing, and motivate audience participants.
4 OBJECTIVE 3 Deliver a presentation using supplemental material such as overheads or slide shows in an effective manner, retaining the audiences attention, and using visual display to reinforce program content.
6 COLOR BASICS: Computer display vs. Printed page Computer display Red, Green, Blue (RGB) Push light through screen Printed page Cyan, Yellow, Magenta, Black (CMYK) Mix tones and reflect colors from white page
8 COLOR TEMPERATURES Cool colors (blues, greens) – use for background Warm colors (reds, yellows) – use for foreground elements GOOD This shows warm foreground color on a cool background color POOR This shows cool foreground color on a warm background color
9 CONTRASTS Greatest contrast – pairs of primary colors Least contrast – pairs of secondary colors GOOD This pair of primary colors has good contrast POOR This pair of secondary colors has poor contrast
10 COMPLIMENTARY CONTRASTING PAIRS Secondary color + primary color that falls opposite on the wheel Greatest light/dark contrast Yellow / Blue Greatest cold/warm contrast Red / Cyan Most vivid contrast Magenta / Green
11 CONSIDERATIONS Greater contrast = energy, clarity & sharpness Too much contrast = confusing & overwhelming Lower contrast = soothing & subtle Too little contrast = boring & bland
12 COLOR ASSOCIATIONS & MEANINGS ….Vibrancy, energy ….Growth ….Serenity ….Royalty ….Earthy ….Purity Red Green Blue Purple Brown White National, cultural, religious, holidays implications
14 PROMINENCE 1 Most prominent 2 Next prominent 3 Least prominent
15 POINT ORDER This point & the title will receive the most attention. Subsequent points will receive lesser attention. Final point will receive almost as much attention as the first point.
16 TEXT CONSIDERATIONS Margin width: at least 1.5" all sides Single concept per page Concise phrases, no punctuation 7x7 Rule: < 7 words/ line; 7 lines/ page Parallel construction of lists SPELLING, SPELLNIG, SPELLING
17 TYPOGRAPHY: Size Body text – minimum of 24 point (this is 32 pt) Title text – minimum of 44 point Hint: 1. Print page (this is 28 pt) 2. Lay it on floor 3. Stand on chair 4. See if its easily readable
18 TYPOGRAPHY: Fonts Face Arial – Easy to read MONOTYPE CORSIVA HARDER TO READ to read Type Sans Serif has no feet – easy to read Serif has feet – harder to read Attributes Mixed Case – NO ALL CAPS, except titles THIS IS HARDER TO READ No more than two – THIS IS HARDER TO READ
19 TYPOGRAPHY: General Alignment Left – body text and titles Justify – nothing Abbreviations & Acronyms PE (Pulmonary edema? Physical education? Pulmonary embolism?) Punctuation –minimal or none
20 GRAPHICS StandardPersonalized
21 GRAPHICS Tired and overworked clipart Fresh and memorable photo
22 GRAPHICS Too small Spidery Just right Visible A B C Options
24 GRAPHS, TABLES & CHARTS Pie charts that build focus the users attention on key components
25 GRAPHS, TABLES & CHARTS Purity Earthy Royalty Serenity Growth Vibrancy Association White Brown Purple Blue Green Red Color Association RedVibrancy GreenGrowth BlueSerenity PurpleRoyalty BrownEarthy WhitePurity Additional space between lines Cleaner formatting
26 POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS Template choice: not busy Transitions: left-to-right, top-to-bottom, minimal Timing: sufficient to read Backup: plan for technology glitches Black screen: focus attention
27 TIPS & TECHNIQUES: Finishing presentation preparation Number transparencies Mount transparencies in frames Have blank transparencies & markers Prepare handouts
28 TIPS & TECHNIQUES: At presentation location Check equipment function & location Sit in corners to test view Focus projector Locate room outlets & switches Tape loose cords Square presentation slide
29 TIPS & TECHNIQUES: During presentation Use laser pointer / pen on overhead Face your audience Block future points Dim, dont turn off, lights Darken lights over front of room
30 CONTACTING ME Cindy Hollingsworth NU 452B
31 CREDITS Kupsh, J. Presentation techniques [online]. (1997, January 3). Sound & Vision Pro. Available: (2000, January 11). Radel, J., & Massath, C. Designing effective visuals [online]. (1997, March 19). University Kansas Medical Center. Available: html (2000, January 11). _____. Understanding Color. Hewlett Packard. Walch, S. Step 10: Using visual aids [online]. (1997). The Pennsylvania State University Department of Speech Communication. Available: (2000, January 11).