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Sample Math Problems Chapter 7 – Motion and Forces

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Question #15 An airplane traveling from San Francisco northeast to Chicago travels 1260 km in 3.5 hours. What is the airplanes velocity? v = d/t v = 1260 km 3.5 hours v = 360 km/h northeast

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Question #16 Heather and Matthew take 45 s to walk eastward along a straight road to a store 72 m away. What is their average velocity? v = d/t v = 72 m 45 s v = 1.6 m/s eastward

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Question #17 Simpson drives his car with an average velocity of 85 km/h toward the east. How long will it take him to drive 560 km on a perfectly straight highway? t = d/v t = 560 km 85 km/h t = h t = 6.6 h

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Question #18 Calculate the momentum of an 85 kg man jogging north along the highway at 2.65 m/s. p = m*v p = (85 kg)(2.65 m/s) p = kg*m/s p = 230 kg*m/s north

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Question #20 A driver is traveling east on a dirt road when she spots a pothole ahead. She slows her car from 14.0 m/s to 5.5 m/s in 6.0 s. What is the cars acceleration? a = Δv/Δt a = (5.5 – 14.0 m/s) ( s) a = m/s 2 a = -1.4 m/s 2 east

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Question #22 A 5.5 kg watermelon is pushed across a table. If the acceleration of the watermelon is 4.2 m/s 2 to the right, what is the net force acting on the watermelon? F = m*a F = (5.5 kg)(4.2 m/s 2 ) F = 23.1 N F = 23 N

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Question #23 A block pushed with a force of 13.5 N accelerates at 6.5 m/s 2 to the left. What is the mass of the block? m = F/a m = 13.5 N 6.5 m/s 2 m = kg m = 2.1 kg

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Question #24 The net force on a 925 kg car is 37 N as it pulls away from a stop sign. Find the cars acceleration. a = F/m a = 37 N 925 kg a = 0.04 m/s 2 a = m/s 2 a = 4.0 x m/s 2 away from the stop sign

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Question #25 A bag of sugar has a mass of 2.26 kg. What is its weight in newtons on the Earth? On Earth, g = 9.8 m/s 2 w = m*g w = (2.26 kg)(9.8 m/s 2 ) w = N w = 22 N

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