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Dividing Whole Numbers

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1.Arrange the numbers as a divisor and a dividend. Example: If 6 people sit at each table at a banquet, how many tables are required for a banquet of 96 people? DIVISOR DIVIDEND 6 96 ) )

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2.Calculate the maximum number of times (1) the divisor can go into the first digit of the dividend. Write the number as the first digit of the quotient. If the first digit of the dividend is smaller than the divisor, divide the divisor into the first two digits. Example: If 6 people sit at each table at a banquet, how many tables are required for a banquet of 96 people? 6 96 1 1 ) )

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3.Multiply the divisor by the quotient and write the product (6 × 1 = 6) under the divided portion of the dividend. Subtract this number from that portion of the dividend (9 - 6 = 3). Example: If 6 people sit at each table at a banquet, how many tables are required for a banquet of 96 people? - 6 6 96 1616 1616 ) ) 3 3

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4.Bring down the next digit (6) of the dividend and write it next to the 3. This is the new dividend. Example: If 6 people sit at each table at a banquet, how many tables are required for a banquet of 96 people? - 6 6 96 16 ) ) 36

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5.Continue by dividing the next portion of the dividend and then repeat Steps 3 and 4 until the new dividend is zero or a number smaller than the divisor. The final dividend is called the remainder. Example: If 6 people sit at each table at a banquet, how many tables are required for a banquet of 96 people? - 6 6 96 1616 1616 ) ) 36 -36 0 0

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Answer: 16 tables Example: If 6 people sit at each table at a banquet, how many tables are required for a banquet of 96 people?

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1 0 2 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 ÷ 2 0 = 1 0.

1 0 2 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 ÷ 2 0 = 1 0.

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