Presentation on theme: "Most Probable Number (MPN)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Most Probable Number (MPN) CE LabMost Probable Number (MPN)
2 IntroductionMany of the Bacteria that cause serious disease, such as typhoid fever, cholera, and dysentery, are discharged along with fecal wastes.These disease-causing organisms are called pathogens and are difficult to isolate and identify.Fortunately, less harmful, easily isolated bacteria called indicator organisms can be used indirectly to detect pathogens.Coliform bacteria is used as an indicator organisms. They live in the intestine of the human beings in large numbers, non disease-causing, easily detectable.The presence of coliform bacteria indicates that the water has been polluted with human or worm-blooded animals waste. It is a warning signal that more dangerous bacteria may be present.
3 Purpose of ExperimentTo learn enumeration technique of coliform bacteria
4 MPN MeasurementA series of serial dilutions of wastewater sample is made (dilute by factors of 10)Transfer 1 mL sample from each of the serial dilutions to five fermentation test tubes containing lactose medium and inverted gas collection tubeIncubate tubes for 24 hours at 35 ° C in a water bathAccumulation of gas (CO2) in inverted gas tubes is considered a +ve reaction (No gas –ve reaction)
5 The results of each dilution are reported as a fraction with the # of positive tubes over the total # of tubes (I.e., 3/5 means three + tubes in a five-tube sample)Test for fecal coliform is similar to total coliform assay except that the medium is different (lactose, tryptose, bile salts), tubes are incubated for 3 hr at 35 ° C and 44 for 21 h.Concentration of total or fecal coliform bacteria are reported as most probable number per 100 mL (MPN/100 mL)
6 MPN is based on the application of the Poisson distribution MPN is based on the application of the Poisson distribution. MPN is a statistical estimate of concentration.“Standard” method for calculation of MPN is to take 10, 1,and 0.1 mL of sample and dilute to 100 mL
8 ExampleA bacterial analysis of a surface water yielded the following results for the standard confirmed test of total coliform. Determine the coliform MPN using Poisson distribution.
9 SolutionFrom Table F-1, Wastewater Engineering, Metcalf & Eddy, MPN /100 mL = 47 coliforms in 100 mL
10 Table 2. For 5 tubes each at 0. 1, 0. 01, and 0 Table 2. For 5 tubes each at 0.1, 0.01, and g inocula, the MPNs and 95 percent confidence intervals.Pos. TubesMPN/gConf. lim.Pos. tubesConf.lim.0.10.010.001LowHigh<1.8--6.842214011.80.093259.8706.91763.60.710423.7265.515315.6225032381410012279.96.1338.13.439348.28.3471203.554111484.50.79239.143581509.24.1469.363842205.93649170942302507.82.1400791335110140521802105.713020440280710350244301,10024011005401700920260016004600>1600700