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Now-Next Equations Please view this tutorial and answer the follow-up questions on loose leaf to turn in to your teacher.

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Presentation on theme: "Now-Next Equations Please view this tutorial and answer the follow-up questions on loose leaf to turn in to your teacher."— Presentation transcript:

1 Now-Next Equations Please view this tutorial and answer the follow-up questions on loose leaf to turn in to your teacher.

2 Now-Next Basics Now-Next equations are recursive equations that use a previous value (or answer) to get to the next value. Your equations will always start out as Next = Now (and then you include how it changes) There will NEVER be variables in a Now-Next equation

3 Now-Next Basics In order to set up a Now-Next equation you need to know two things: – Your starting value – How your values are changing

4 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance Lets say you are looking for the weekly balance in a savings account if you deposit $20 per week and your initial balance is $100. After 0 weeks, you would have $100 in the account because that is your starting value.

5 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance 0100 Lets say you are looking for the weekly balance in a savings account if you deposit $20 per week and your initial balance is $100. After 0 weeks, you would have $100 in the account because that is your starting value.

6 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance 0100 After 1 week you would have an additional $20 in the account. What would your new balance be?

7 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance After 1 week you would have an additional $20 in the account. What would your new balance be? The new balance would be $120!

8 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance Complete the table.

9 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance Complete the table.

10 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance Complete the table.

11 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance Complete the table.

12 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance Now that we have the table, we can use it to write our Now-Next equation. We need to think about how our balance changes for every increase of 1 in the number of weeks.

13 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance We can see from the table or from our initial problem that it increases (adds) $20 each week. So our equation would be Next = Now + 20 because we are adding $20 to the current balance.

14 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance But youre not finished yet! What is missing? You need to have a starting value (or Now-Start) for every Now-Next equation. What would the Now-Start be for this problem? The Now-Start is 100 because it is the initial balance.

15 Now-Next Equations and Tables Number of Weeks Savings Account Balance So the correct Now-Next equation used to model this problem would be: Next = Now + 20 Now Start = 100

16 Now-Next Equations Now lets try to make our Now-Next equation without using a table. Take a look at this problem. In each large bag of M&Ms, there are about 150 pieces of candy. Suppose you eat 7 M&Ms every 5 minutes. Write a Now-Next equation to model the number of M&Ms left. Lets pick out the important information first.

17 Now-Next Equations First, lets find the initial value. In each large bag of M&Ms, there are about 150 pieces of candy. Suppose you eat 7 M&Ms every 5 minutes. Write a Now-Next equation to model the number of M&Ms left. There are 150 pieces of candy in each bag so that would be the initial value. 150 pieces of candy

18 Now-Next Equations Now we need to figure out how our values will be changing. In each large bag of M&Ms, there are about 150 pieces of candy. Suppose you eat 7 M&Ms every 5 minutes. Write a Now-Next equation to model the number of M&Ms left. Since you are eating the M&Ms there will be a decrease of 7 every 5 minutes. you eat 7 M&Ms every 5 minutes

19 Now-Next Equations Important Information Initial Value M&Ms Change - Decrease of 7 every 5 minutes Now we can make our Now-Next equation. Remember that your equation will always start out as Next = Now… Find the Now-Next equation. Next = Now – 7 Now-Start = 150

20 Now-Next Equations Next = Now – 7 Now-Start = 150 Once we have our Now-Next equation, we can use the calculator to help build a table of values. Your first step will always be to enter your initial value then hit ENTER.

21 Now-Next Equations Next = Now – 7 Now-Start = 150 Next, youll need to enter your Now-Next equation to get your list of values. Instead of using the word Now, the calculator uses the last answer function.

22 Now-Next Equations Next = Now – 7 Now-Start = 150 To do this, youll hit the 2 nd Key then the Negative Sign.

23 Now-Next Equations Next = Now – 7 Now-Start = 150 Write the rest of your equation as you normally would then hit ENTER.

24 Now-Next Equations Next = Now – 7 Now-Start = 150 You can continue to hit ENTER to get the next values. Remember, hitting the ENTER button represents a 5 minute interval.

25 Now-Next Equations Next = Now – 7 Now-Start = 150 We can now use these values to make a table. Time Interval 0 minutes 5 minutes 10 minutes 15 minutes 20 minutes Number of 5 Minute Intervals Number of M&Ms Left

26 Follow Up Questions Answer the following questions on loose leaf and hand them in to your teacher.

27 Follow Up Questions In a free fall dive, a person will travel 176 feet every second. A safe jumping height is from a plane that is 11,000 feet above the ground. a)Write a Now-Next equation that models the distance of the jumper from the ground. b)Make a table for the first 10 seconds of free fall. c)A skydiver is supposed to pull the cord when they are 4,000 feet from the ground. To the nearest second, when should a skydiver pull their cord? (Remember you should pull your cord as close as possible to 4,000 feet, but it would be safer to pull it earlier than later) d)Explain how you used your calculator to get your answers for questions (b) and (c)


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