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Published byZaria Tanner Modified over 2 years ago

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Entropy changes of pure substances: retrieving data from property tables. Tds relations relate properties of any pure substance exactly to entropy change. But it is not convenient to use them. Instead tabulated data for s are used, e.g. – Table B.1. for water. –Table B.5 for refrigerant R134a The tabulated value s actually means the entropy change from chosen reference state which is assigned a value 0 (e.g. entropy of saturated liquid water is assigned a value 0 kJ/kg/K) at the triple point of water where t= C and P=0.61 kPa) In the superheated vapor region and compressed liquid region (Table B.1.4) s can be calculated given P and T. In the saturated liquid region: s=s f +xs fg When no compressed liquid data is available the saturated liquid table (e.g. Table B.1) can be used to get an approximate value

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Horizontal line segment entropy change during an isenthalpic process (application: throttling) Vertical line segment enthalpy change during an isentropic process (application: turbine). Constant pressure lines are inclined straight lines in the two-phase region, since temperature is also constant. In the superheated region, isotherms lines become more and more horizontal as pressure is reduced (h=h(T) for an ideal gas.) h-s plot or the Mollier diagram for a pure substance.

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An actual h-s chart (Mollier diagram) for water

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T-s and h-s plots: checklist Show critical point, SLL and SVL on T-s plot. Show constant P lines on T-s plot. Show constant v lines on T-s plot. Show constant P lines on h-s plot. Inside the vapor dome, why straight lines; why inclined; why diverging from one another. Show critical point, SLL, SVL on h-s plot.

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