Presentation on theme: "1 Maps, tables, flow charts and diagrams in Qualitative Data Analysis."— Presentation transcript:
1 Maps, tables, flow charts and diagrams in Qualitative Data Analysis
Slide 2 Use for… Clarification in elicitation process (share with respondents) Develop ideas about a model, processes etc. Illustrate examples and your argument Lay out data so that patterns can be discovered Data reduction
Slide 3 Domain analysis Examination of what some term or concept means for a culture or subgroup Can be expressed as a taxonomy Captures relationships. Hierarchical system of types. Each type has children subtypes that are mutually exclusive and do not have different parents.
Slide 5 Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. p. 133
Slide 6 Componetial analysis What attributes does an individual or thing have?
Slide 7 Componential analysis of services for the unemployed For youngFor olderTrainingAdvice Adult Training-++- Youth Training+-+- Training Access Points++-+ Work Link++++ BCEATA++++ Start-up Business Units-+-+ Business Access Scheme-++- Workers Co-operatives-+-+ CEASA++-+ Careers Service+--+ Redundancy Counseling-+-+
Slide 8 Matrices Simple, like crosstabs. Exclusive values in each cell Or Non-exclusive values in each cell See: Ritchie, J. and Lewis, J. (eds) (2003) Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers. London: Sage.
Slide 9 Example qualitative table. Descriptions of people with degrees
Slide 10 Character of company departments
Slide 11 Summary responses by codes Cells contain typical or summaries of text from respondents E.g. Job search strategies by gender
Slide 12 Job search strategies by gender
Slide 13 Case by codes with exemplars Example of a comparison between cases These are good for investigating differences by code or by case
Slide 15 Time ordered matrix Example of a comparison within a single case. e.g. influence of time on code type.
Slide 16 Example of a comparison within a single case
Slide 17 Tables or matrices cont. Tables can include counts, e.g. Size of coded text (number of words) or no. of coded chunks of text This may indicate importance or salience (or not?)
Slide 18 Quasi-quantitative. Recode or categorize the concept/variable. E.g. into high or low, good or bad etc. Cf. Grounded theory idea of properties and dimensions.
Slide 19 Summed indices A way of creating a new variable and ordering cases. N.B. use cut and paste in word processor to order the lines. These can be used to produce…
Slide 20 Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. p. 194
Slide 21 Scatter plot with movement over time Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. p. 199
Slide 22 Cluster plot of cases Job searching
Slide 23 Maps Use different shapes to represent different ideas Use different lines to represent different relationships Arrows for direction, + or - for positive or negative influence.
Slide 24 Event state network EventsStates Quit job Redundancy End of short-term contract Leave School or college Interview Careers advice Training Job offer Unemployed Routine searching Entrepreneurial searching Looking for work Half looking for work New social relations In work
Slide 26 Venn Diagrams To show set of objects, cases etc and their relationships.
Slide 27 Flow charts Input, output, decisions, processing of inputs to produce outputs. E.g. entry to University, exams and final degree. Admission to day centre for persons with learning difficulties. Can show flow of people through system, or flow or one person/case through system of decision making. Can use to compare cases.
Slide 28 Flow of people through job finding services
Slide 29 Example decision flowchart
Slide 30 Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. p. 186.
Slide 31 Causal diagram Special case of the map, where the connecting line shows causation…
Slide 32 Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. p. 225.
Slide 33 Organizational charts. Shows units in an organization and the relationship between them. Relation can be, reports to, is boss of, sends papers to, receives good from etc. (e.g. School diagram).