2 Why is differentiation important? It enables every student to reach the highest possible standard of which he or she is capable.It is a process that encourages students, regardless of their ability, to benefit from the same curriculum.It develops a sense of achievement in all students.
3 Why is differentiation important? Self Assessment encourages us to evaluate:how well teaching and assessment support learning and developmenthow well students achieve and make progresshow well we meet the needs and interests of all students
4 How are students different from each other? Students may:have different prior knowledge, experience and skillsfind some aspects of their course(s) easy or difficultwork at different speedshave particular interestshave differing levels of confidence or motivationhave a preference for different methods and styles of learninghave specific individual needs
5 Differentiation — some definitions ‘Differentiation is the process whereby teachers meet the need for progress through the curriculum by selecting appropriate teaching methods to match the individual student’s learning strategies within a group situation.’Visser J, Differentiation and the Curriculum, Birmingham, 1993, University of Birmingham
6 Differentiation — some definitions ‘Differentiation is… the process of identifying with each student, the most effective strategies for achieving agreed targets’Weston P, ‘A Decade For Differentiation’, BJSE, vol. xix, no.1, 1992
7 Differentiation — some definitions ‘Differentiation should be seen as integral to learning, not as an add-on for those situations when things do not go as well as planned and problems occur. Differentiation is not about troubleshooting. It is a concept that has to be seen in an inclusive way, applying to everyone’O’Brien T and Guiney D, Differentiation in teaching and learning: Principles and Practice, 2001, Continuum International Publishing group-Academic
8 Differentiation — some definitions ‘Differentiation is about identifying and addressing the different needs, interests and abilities of all students to give them the best possible chance of achieving their learning goals.’Standards Unit Pilot Centres, Standards Unit, Improving differentiation in business education, DfES 2004
9 Framework for a differentiated classroom. The teacher adjusts content, process and product in response to students’ readiness, interests and learning profiles.Goals are maximum growth and continued success.Flexibility is the hallmark of a differentiated classroom.