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ENJOY Writing in ESL/EFL Classes (KG2-8) Hanadi Mirza

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Presentation on theme: "ENJOY Writing in ESL/EFL Classes (KG2-8) Hanadi Mirza"— Presentation transcript:

1 ENJOY Writing in ESL/EFL Classes (KG2-8) Hanadi Mirza
Hanadi Mirza

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Writing Development Why Write? What do we write? Hanadi Mirza

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Problems with Writing KG 2 Cycle 1 Cycle 2 Cycle 3 Hanadi Mirza

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We Write… Letter  Word  Sentence (vs. Non-Sentence)  Paragraph  Essay  Term Paper  Master Thesis  Ph.D. Dissertation Hanadi Mirza

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Sentence Structure KG Classes  Sentence Pattern A cat ran. / My dog ran. / I ran. I see a dog. / I see a cat. / I see a man. Max is in the box, / Max is under the box. Who/ does what- Someone/ is doing smth Capital letter Naming part + Telling part S + V + O Subject + Predicate= Simple Sentence Ex: Put the word cat in a sentence. (KG Hanadi Mirza

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NCERD Grades 1, 2, 3 Grade 4 - Student writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in various forms - Write to record ideas and reflections - Write to discover, develop, and refine ideas - Write to communicate with a variety of audiences - Write in different forms for different purposes including list to record, letters to invite and thank, and stories or poems to entertain Write to express, discover, record, develop, reflect on ideas, and to problem solve - Write to influence such as to persuade, argue and request - Write to inform such as to explain, describe, report, and narrate - Write to entertain such as to compose humorous poems or short stories - Exhibit an identifiable voice in personal narratives and in stories - Choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing, including journals, letters, reviews, poems, narratives, instructions Hanadi Mirza

7 Writing Process (Gr 4) NCERD
Generate ideas and plans for writing by using such pre-writing strategies as brainstorming, graphic organizers, notes and logs Develop draft by categorizing ideas, organizing them into paragraphs, and blending paragraphs within larger units of texts Revise selected drafts by adding, elaborating, deleting, combining, and rearranging text Revise draft for coherence, progression, and logical support of ideas Edit draft for specific purposes such as to ensure standard usage, varied sentence structure, and appropriate word choice Use available technology to support aspects of creating, revising, editing, and publishing text Refine selected pieces frequently to publish for general and specific audiences Proofread his/her own writing and that of others Select and use reference materials and resources as needed for writing, revising, and editing final drafts Hanadi Mirza

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Paragraph Schemata Elements Genre: Title Descriptive Indentation Adjectives Topic Sentence Senses Supporting Details Simile Concluding Sentence Metaphor Essay: Intro+ Body 1 + Body 2 + (Body 3) + Conc Hanadi Mirza

9 Writing Problems & Solutions
Hanadi Mirza

10 Handwriting & Dictation
Handwriting Exercises All Cycles - Cursive or Print? Dictation? Auto-dictation? - KGs: Identify sounds THEN Write Letters - Dictogloss / Dictocom? Spelling Bee? - Visual Memory vs. Spelling Rules Hanadi Mirza

11 Problems with Writing Tasks
Poor Writing Topics (summer vacations) NO Schemata for Paragraph or Essay - ID of Paragraph = Topic Sentence - ID of Essay = Thesis Statement Hanadi Mirza

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Writing Topics * Students usually wait for the summer vacations to rest and have fun. Some go to the beach. Others spend their time in the mountains or even travel abroad. Write a paragraph in which you describe a new place you visited. How was it? What did you do there? (Graphic Organizer) Write a 4-paragraph essay in which you argue with or against the law of banning smoking in public places in Lebanon. Hanadi Mirza

13 Other Problems with Writing
Grammar NOT integrated INTO Writing (Habits in the present  Simple present) Poor explanation of Spelling rules in Elem (hid – hide / cut – cute / mad – made) Memorizing words visually (Dictation= NO Use of Listening to Write) * Memorizing sentences/paragraphs for (official) exams  destroy writing process Hanadi Mirza

14 Correcting Written Mistakes
Type Correction Sentence freind Spelling Friend Tom is my friend. he mixs -at the morning -make homework Simple pre-Presen S-V prep. - collocations Mixes Sara mixes tea and sugar. Hanadi Mirza

15 Correcting Grammar Mistakes
 Revisit a point in grammar Eg. He? She? Or It? Ex 1: Use pictures of different people, animals, things, places, ….: Ex. 2: Tom is a little boy. _____ goes to school everyday, and _____ likes to study with his friend Carl. His sister plays the piano and _____likes to play with her little dog. _____ is her favorite friend. Ex. 3: Story: boy + girl + pet/toy - Paragraph (Narr/Des) Hanadi Mirza

16 Improve Spelling & Writing
1- Picture + 1 missing letter (beg. letter THEN other letters) 2- Picture + 2 missing letters (any two) 3- Picture + scrambled letters 4- Picture only 5- Scrambled letters  Word Formation 6- Find the word: Cross puzzle (+ pics) 7- Dictation: Listen then Write word 8- Unscramble words  Sentence Formation  Write sentences 9- Unscramble sentences  Make a Paragraph  Write a paragraph 10- Sequence paragraphs  make an Essay  Write an essay 11- Creative Writing Hanadi Mirza

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Avoid Plagiarism Copy/Paste in: Master Thesis Ph.D. Dissertation Projects (Cycles 2,& 3) Paraphrase ideas taken from: Internet/ newspapers / books / magazines...  Quote people Hanadi Mirza

18 WRITING for Fun Writing Activities vs. Reading Comprehension Q’s
Writing as a Process vs. Product Hanadi Mirza

19 Target of Writing Activities
Students’ Real Life Experience? Imagination? Here and Now? Write  Sentence(s) / Paragraph / Essay Hanadi Mirza

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Writing Prompts What has been the happiest day of your life? If you could change one thing in the world, what would it be? If you could change one thing about yourself, what would you change? What is the most Important thing in your life? What is your favorite movie/book of all time? Why? What cartoon character would you most like to be? Hanadi Mirza

21 Input Needed for Authentic Writing Activities
Listen to: Story Music Sounds Use Sight: Watch a Video Look at a Picture/Drawing Read a Story Hanadi Mirza

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Vocab Box 1- Thematic Vocabulary Word / P. of Sp. / Def / Syn / Anto 2- Application: * Word Formation + Prefixes & Suffixes Word / Noun / Verb / Adj. / Adv. * WRITE  Sentences / Paragraph / Essay Hanadi Mirza

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How to Improve Writing? PRACTICE PRACICE Hanadi Mirza

25 Join “ATEL Lebanon”  Facebook
Thank You Join “ATEL Lebanon”  Facebook Hanadi Mirza

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