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Hanadi Mirza ENJOY Writing in ESL/EFL Classes (KG2-8) Hanadi Mirza.

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Presentation on theme: "Hanadi Mirza ENJOY Writing in ESL/EFL Classes (KG2-8) Hanadi Mirza."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com ENJOY Writing in ESL/EFL Classes (KG2-8) Hanadi Mirza

2 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Writing Development Writing Development Why Write? What do we write?

3 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Problems with Writing KG 2 KG 2 Cycle 1 Cycle 1 Cycle 2 Cycle 2 Cycle 3 Cycle 3

4 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com We Write… Letter Letter Word Word Sentence (vs. Non-Sentence) Sentence (vs. Non-Sentence) Paragraph Paragraph Essay Essay Term Paper Term Paper Master Thesis Master Thesis Ph.D. Dissertation Ph.D. Dissertation

5 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Sentence Structure KG Classes Sentence Pattern A cat ran. / My dog ran. / I ran. I see a dog. / I see a cat. / I see a man. Max is in the box, / Max is under the box. Who/ does what- Someone/ is doing smth Who/ does what- Someone/ is doing smth Capital letter ---. Capital letter ---. Naming part + Telling part S + V + O Naming part + Telling part S + V + O Subject + Predicate= Simple Sentence Subject + Predicate= Simple Sentence Ex: Put the word cat in a sentence. (KG Ex: Put the word cat in a sentence. (KG

6 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com NCERD Grades 1, 2, 3 Grade 4 - Student writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in various forms - Write to record ideas and reflections - Write to discover, develop, and refine ideas - Write to communicate with a variety of audiences - Write in different forms for different purposes including list to record, letters to invite and thank, and stories or poems to entertain Write to express, discover, record, develop, reflect on ideas, and to problem solve - Write to influence such as to persuade, argue and request - Write to inform such as to explain, describe, report, and narrate - Write to entertain such as to compose humorous poems or short stories - Exhibit an identifiable voice in personal narratives and in stories - Choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing, including journals, letters, reviews, poems, narratives, instructions

7 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Writing Process (Gr 4) NCERD Generate ideas and plans for writing by using such pre-writing strategies as brainstorming, graphic organizers, notes and logs Generate ideas and plans for writing by using such pre-writing strategies as brainstorming, graphic organizers, notes and logs Develop draft by categorizing ideas, organizing them into paragraphs, and blending paragraphs within larger units of texts Develop draft by categorizing ideas, organizing them into paragraphs, and blending paragraphs within larger units of texts Revise selected drafts by adding, elaborating, deleting, combining, and rearranging text Revise selected drafts by adding, elaborating, deleting, combining, and rearranging text Revise draft for coherence, progression, and logical support of ideas Revise draft for coherence, progression, and logical support of ideas Edit draft for specific purposes such as to ensure standard usage, varied sentence structure, and appropriate word choice Edit draft for specific purposes such as to ensure standard usage, varied sentence structure, and appropriate word choice Use available technology to support aspects of creating, revising, editing, and publishing text Use available technology to support aspects of creating, revising, editing, and publishing text Refine selected pieces frequently to publish for general and specific audiences Refine selected pieces frequently to publish for general and specific audiences Proofread his/her own writing and that of others Proofread his/her own writing and that of others Select and use reference materials and resources as needed for writing, revising, and editing final drafts Select and use reference materials and resources as needed for writing, revising, and editing final drafts

8 Paragraph Schemata Elements + Genre: Elements + Genre: Title Descriptive Title Descriptive Indentation Adjectives Indentation Adjectives Topic Sentence Senses Topic Sentence Senses Supporting Details Simile Supporting Details Simile Concluding Sentence Metaphor Concluding Sentence Metaphor Essay: Intro+ Body 1 + Body 2 + (Body 3) + Conc Essay: Intro+ Body 1 + Body 2 + (Body 3) + Conc Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com

9 Writing Problems & Solutions Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com

10 Handwriting & Dictation Handwriting Exercises All Cycles Handwriting Exercises All Cycles - Cursive or Print? - Cursive or Print? Dictation? Auto-dictation? Dictation? Auto-dictation? - KGs: Identify sounds THEN Write Letters - KGs: Identify sounds THEN Write Letters - Dictogloss / Dictocom? - Dictogloss / Dictocom? Spelling Bee? Spelling Bee? - Visual Memory vs. Spelling Rules - Visual Memory vs. Spelling Rules

11 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Problems with Writing Tasks Poor Writing Topics (summer vacations) Poor Writing Topics (summer vacations) NO Schemata for Paragraph or Essay NO Schemata for Paragraph or Essay - ID of Paragraph = Topic Sentence - ID of Essay = Thesis Statement - ID of Essay = Thesis Statement

12 Writing Topics * Students usually wait for the summer vacations to rest and have fun. Some go to the beach. Others spend their time in the mountains or even travel abroad. Write a paragraph in which you describe a new place you visited. How was it? What did you do there? (Graphic Organizer) Write a 4-paragraph essay in which you argue with or against the law of banning smoking in public places in Lebanon. Write a 4-paragraph essay in which you argue with or against the law of banning smoking in public places in Lebanon. Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com

13 Other Problems with Writing Grammar NOT integrated INTO Writing Grammar NOT integrated INTO Writing (Habits in the present Simple present) (Habits in the present Simple present) Poor explanation of Spelling rules in Elem Poor explanation of Spelling rules in Elem (hid – hide / cut – cute / mad – made) (hid – hide / cut – cute / mad – made) Memorizing words visually Memorizing words visually (Dictation= NO Use of Listening to Write) (Dictation= NO Use of Listening to Write) * Memorizing sentences/paragraphs for (official) exams destroy writing process Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com

14 Correcting Written Mistakes MistakeTypeCorrectionSentence freind freindSpellingFriend Tom is my friend. he mixs -at the morning -make homework Simple pre- Presen S-V - prep. - - collocations Mixes Sara mixes tea and sugar.

15 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Correcting Grammar Mistakes Revisit a point in grammar Revisit a point in grammar Eg. He? She? Or It? Ex 1: Use pictures of different people, animals, things, places, ….: Ex. 2: Tom is a little boy. _____ goes to school everyday, and _____ likes to study with his friend Carl. His sister plays the piano and _____likes to play with her little dog. _____ is her favorite friend. Ex. 3: Story: boy + girl + pet/toy - Paragraph (Narr/Des)

16 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Improve Spelling & Writing 1- Picture + 1 missing letter (beg. letter THEN other letters) 1- Picture + 1 missing letter (beg. letter THEN other letters) 2- Picture + 2 missing letters (any two) 2- Picture + 2 missing letters (any two) 3- Picture + scrambled letters 3- Picture + scrambled letters 4- Picture only 4- Picture only 5- Scrambled letters Word Formation 5- Scrambled letters Word Formation 6- Find the word: Cross puzzle (+ pics) 6- Find the word: Cross puzzle (+ pics) 7- Dictation: Listen then Write word 7- Dictation: Listen then Write word 8- Unscramble words Sentence Formation 8- Unscramble words Sentence Formation Write sentences Write sentences 9- Unscramble sentences Make a Paragraph 9- Unscramble sentences Make a Paragraph Write a paragraph Write a paragraph 10- Sequence paragraphs make an Essay 10- Sequence paragraphs make an Essay Write an essay Write an essay 11- Creative Writing 11- Creative Writing

17 Avoid Plagiarism Copy/Paste in: Copy/Paste in: Master Thesis Master Thesis Ph.D. Dissertation Ph.D. Dissertation Projects (Cycles 2,& 3) Paraphrase ideas taken from: Paraphrase ideas taken from: Internet/ newspapers / books / magazines... Internet/ newspapers / books / magazines... Quote people Quote people Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com

18 WRITING for Fun WRITING for Fun Writing Activities vs. Reading Comprehension Qs Writing as a Process vs. Product Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com

19 Target of Writing Activities Students Real Life Experience? Imagination? Here and Now? Write Sentence(s) / Paragraph / Essay

20 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Writing Prompts What has been the happiest day of your life? What has been the happiest day of your life? If you could change one thing in the world, what would it be? If you could change one thing in the world, what would it be? If you could change one thing about yourself, what would you change? If you could change one thing about yourself, what would you change? What is the most Important thing in your life? What is the most Important thing in your life? What is your favorite movie/book of all time? Why? What is your favorite movie/book of all time? Why? What cartoon character would you most like to be? What cartoon character would you most like to be?

21 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Input Needed for Authentic Writing Activities Listen to: Listen to: a. Story b. Music c. Sounds Use Sight: Use Sight: a. Watch a Video b. Look at a Picture/Drawing c. Read a Story

22 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com

23 Vocab Box 1- Thematic Vocabulary Word / P. of Sp. / Def / Syn / Anto 2- Application: * Word Formation + Prefixes & Suffixes Word / Noun / Verb / Adj. / Adv. * WRITE Sentences / Paragraph / Essay

24 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com How to Improve Writing? PRACTICE PRACTICE PRACICE PRACICE PRACTICE PRACTICE

25 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Thank You www.hanadimirza.blogspot.com www.hanadimirza.blogspot.comhanadym@hotmail.com Join ATEL Lebanon Facebook Join ATEL Lebanon Facebook www.atel-lb.org www.atel-lb.org


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