Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Session: Assesment of Capacity Development Progress.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Session: Assesment of Capacity Development Progress."— Presentation transcript:

1 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Session: Assesment of Capacity Development Progress in IWRM 30 May 2013 By Tjoek Walujo Subijanto Former President Director, Jasa Tirta I Public Corporation The Brantas and Bengawan Solo River Basin Management Agency Indonesia

2 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia 2.Jasa Tirta Public Corporation (April91 – Nov12) The Brantas River Basin Management Agency 2.Jasa Tirta Public Corporation (April91 – Nov12) The Brantas River Basin Management Agency Nov07– Nov12:President Director (retired 23 Nov12) Nov01 – Nov07:Director of Operation for Brantas River Basin Nov96 – Nov01 :Chief of R&D Bureau May96 – Nov96:Chief of Quality Assurance Unit Jan93 – May96:Chief of R&D Bureau Apr91 – Jan93: Chief of Bureau on Mng. System & Water Business Nov07– Nov12:President Director (retired 23 Nov12) Nov01 – Nov07:Director of Operation for Brantas River Basin Nov96 – Nov01 :Chief of R&D Bureau May96 – Nov96:Chief of Quality Assurance Unit Jan93 – May96:Chief of R&D Bureau Apr91 – Jan93: Chief of Bureau on Mng. System & Water Business 1.Brantas River Basin Development Project (Dec72 – Apr91) The Brantas River Basin Development Project 1.Brantas River Basin Development Project (Dec72 – Apr91) The Brantas River Basin Development Project Jul88 – Apr91 :Chief of Program Implementation Bureau Oct85 – Jul88: Chief of Technical Planning Bureau on Dam, Electricity & Utilities Mar82– Oct85: Project Manager of Parit Agung Canal, May81 – Mar82:Deputy Manager of Planning & Programming, Mar78 – May81:Coordinator of Electronic Data Processing Centre Dec72 – Mar78 : Computer Programmer and System Analyst Jul88 – Apr91 :Chief of Program Implementation Bureau Oct85 – Jul88: Chief of Technical Planning Bureau on Dam, Electricity & Utilities Mar82– Oct85: Project Manager of Parit Agung Canal, May81 – Mar82:Deputy Manager of Planning & Programming, Mar78 – May81:Coordinator of Electronic Data Processing Centre Dec72 – Mar78 : Computer Programmer and System Analyst Curriculum Vitae Curriculum Vitae Tjoek Walujo Subijanto

3 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Content 1.The Brantas River Basin a.Brantas RB Development (1960s – 1990s) b.Brantas RB Management (1990s – now) 2.Basic Concepts and Priciples of CD 3.Capacity Development in Brantas River Basin a.Brantas RB Development (1960s – 1990s) b.Brantas RB Management (1990s – now) 4.Conclusions Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia

4 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia The Brantas RB is located in Java Island, Indonesia. It runs through the western section of the East Java Province, traverses 9 regencies and 5 municipalities Covers a catchment area of 12,000 km 2 (25% Eat Java Area); Brantas RB is one of the most strategic RB in Indonesia; I.The Brantas RB (WRD era 1960s – 1990s) (1/4) The Brantas RB Dev. Project (BRBDP), established in 1965, has a mandate: to develop Brantas RB in effective, efficient and sustainable manner; and to produce well-trained engineers, planners and technicians to build dams in other RB in Indonesia.

5 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia The GoI has given a big authority to BRBDP to develop our-owned project and HR management systems to realize its missions; BRBDP was the only WR project in Indonesia who has such big authority; WRD in the basin resulted into 8 dams, 4 river-improvement-schemes, 4 barrages, and 3 rubber dams etc. I.The Brantas RB (WRD era 1960s – 1990s) (2/4) Direct benefit: flood control (60,000 ha); irrigation (121,000 ha); Hydropower generation (910 million kWh/year), MDI water supply (240 million m3/year);

6 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Indirect benefits: Producing about 7,000 qualified, well-trained and dedicated engineers, planners, and technicians through OJT in the Project sites (1970s – 1990s); BRBDP staffs were also spread out in other government bodies and private sectors entities; Establishment Engineering Faculty collaboration with Brawijaya Univ. Malang (1963). Brantas Engineers first as the lecturers ….… later….. the Faculty upgrade education level of Brantas Staffs; I.The Brantas RB (WRD era 1960s – 1990s) (3/4) Quite number graduates had spread out all over the country and duplicated the Brantas projects successfully in different locations of the country

7 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia 3 organizations were formed: PT. IK (Consultant Corp, 1980), PT. BAP (Contracting Corp, 1980), PJT1 (WRM Corp, 1990) absorbing about 1,460 staffs of BRBDP. Appropriate CD program driven by challenges had been implemented, supported by high government political support, strong leadership and Brantas Spirit: a creative, cooperative and confident spirit to achieve the goal successfully The Brantas RB Development is said to be the flag symbol of the successful cooperation between Japan and Indonesia on water resources development. I.The Brantas RB (WRD era 1960s – 1990s) (4/4)

8 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Jasa Tirta I Public Corporation (PJT1) established in 1990 based on GR 5/1990 to manage WR and its infrastructures in Brantas RB based on the principle of Cost Recovery from WRM Service Fee paid by the commercial users; Quality assurance System of ISO 9001 has been adopted since 1997 to have a continual improvement of the WRM System to gain government trust and costumers satisfaction. Responsive actions on stakeholders complaints as reflection of PJT1s mottoIdentity by Quality. I.The Brantas RB (WRM era 1990s – now) (1/3) Permanent & Neutral Institution Professional Staff Adequate Budget Permanent & Neutral Institution Professional Staff Adequate Budget As a pilot of corporatization in WRM i.e. WR that be managed by a neutral and professional institution who applies in balance between prime services principles and accountable and healthy corporate norms supported by stakeholders.

9 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia I.The Brantas RB (WRM era 1990s – now) (2/3) Water business revenue increased by 8.8 times from IDR. 29.1 B (2001) to IDR. 256.1 B (2012). Degree of O&M C/R (WRMSF portion) achieve about 75% other than Gov. Portion for social, welfare and public safety purposes Getting the highest score of NARBO – RBO Performance Benchmarking resulted from the Pier Review assesment by other RBO in 2009. PJT I becomes one of the benchmarked RBO in the country

10 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia I.The Brantas RB (WRM era 1990s – now) (3/3) Commitment to implement better Good Corporate Governance principles resulting better performance of corporation in term of health performance as well as Key Performance Indicators After a long period and wide-span of experiences, the GoI got the intention to scaling-up Jasa Tirta Corporation to be national wide WRM body to manage national strategic river basins.

11 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia II.The Basic Concepts and Principles of CD (1/2) Capacity is individuals and organizational and societal abilities to perform their functions effectively, efficiently and sustainably; CD is a continuous process of transformative changes through a process approach guided by long term perspectives; CD program is more successful and sustainable when they respond to an internal initiative driven by dynamic challenges of individuals, organizations and societies. Capacity has been defined as the ability of individuals and organisations or organisational units to perform functions effectively, efficiently and sustainably. This implies that capacity is not a passive state but part of a continuing process and that human resources are central to capacity development. (UNDP, 1998) CB consists of 3 basic elements (Alaerts et.al., 1991): Creation of an enabling environment with appropriate policy and legal frameworks; Institutional development, including community participation; and Human resources development and the strengthening of managerial systems. Capacity has been defined as the ability of individuals and organisations or organisational units to perform functions effectively, efficiently and sustainably. This implies that capacity is not a passive state but part of a continuing process and that human resources are central to capacity development. (UNDP, 1998) CB consists of 3 basic elements (Alaerts et.al., 1991): Creation of an enabling environment with appropriate policy and legal frameworks; Institutional development, including community participation; and Human resources development and the strengthening of managerial systems.

12 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia The key areas of CD (with appropriate methods): – Human resources development; – Institutional development including the management systems. The enabling environment as driving factors of the successful CD program: – External factors: High political supports as well as adequate legislations and financial frameof CDwork (central and local government); – Internal factors: Strong leaderships to build the ownership of CD program; Dynamic challenges (internal and external); Appropriate incentive schemes; and Spirit of innovation, willingness to learn and eagerness to have a new challenge. II.The Basic Concepts and Principles of CD (2/2)

13 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia 1.Dynamic Challenges and Long term perspectives: CD Programs was guided by MP reviewed periodically to suit dynamic basins emerging challenges & national dev. requirements. 2.Appropriate Method: a.Contracting systems and Direct Force System : (JBIC Research Paper No. 36-2, 2008) III.CD in Brantas River Basin (BRBDP, 1960s – 1990s) (1/4) Period of to see the work (1961 – 1964): a full contract basis; Period of to try to do the work (1965 – 1969}: assistance and guidance engineer concept; Period of to do the works (1970 – 1990): direct force or force account; and Period of to oversee the work (1991 – now): full contract basis supervised by BRDP. Former MPW, 1960s, Ir. Sutami request: The Brantas Project to be the home of the dam builders Former MPW, 1960s, Ir. Sutami request: The Brantas Project to be the home of the dam builders

14 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia By this manner, the BRBDP became independent from foreign assistance by adopting the contracting system. This is learning –by-doing process. III.CD in Brantas River Basin (BRBDP, 1960s – 1990s) (2/4) b.Manpower Training for Transfer of Knowledge The On the Job Training (OJT): The Japanese consultants and engineers transferred their knowledge to Indonesian counterparts by a man-to-man approach. They work-together, discuss-together, eat-together and relax-together contributed not only to accelerate transfer of knowledge, but also to create a strong trust between them; The force account system: We did the design and construction work by ourselves. It produced a large scale of well-trained engineers, planners and technicians (about 7,000 personels); c.Effective Management system: Management By Objectives (MBO), an effective participatory management encouraged all level of management and staffs to participate in discussions and be involved in DM processes. MBO increases staffs motivation & commitment, clarity of objectives, team building & ownership of the programs; and better communication & coordination. Performance based salaries (merit system) to encourage better staffs performances.

15 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia III.CD in Brantas River Basin (BRBDP, 1960s – 1990s) (3/4) 3.Driving factors: a.Political Commitment and Challenges GoI provided the BRBDP with substantial authority in the implementation of the WRD Project based on a consistent policy of One River, One Plan, and One Management. Former President of Indonesia, Mr. Suharto, in the inauguration of Sutami Dam (1973) asked: Brantas Engineers to build dams in the country Former President of Indonesia, Mr. Suharto, in the inauguration of Sutami Dam (1973) asked: Brantas Engineers to build dams in the country BRBDP was the only WR Project that has independent authority: To select appropriate P roject and HR management system to accumulate our knowledge; To implement the Force Account system, meaning that we could directly recruit, hire, train and supervise the workforce and governed the wages and salaries. b.Leadership The first GM of BRBDP (Prof. Ir. Suryono, 1961 – 1975) has a leadership in uniting minds and mobilizing efforts of all employees towards the successful realization of the Brantas Project; He introduced innovative management system through trial-and-error process. One of the millstones was introduction of the One River, One Plan and One Management philosophy which guided the fundamental direction and execution of the Brantas Project; He has political leverage to got the MPW approval for independent and exclusive authority in the development and implementation of our own project and HR management system.

16 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia c.Brantas Spirit The espirit du corps of the Brantas Project was later nicked as the Brantas Spirit. The spirit of ambition and desire to achieve the goals, spirit of not give up easily, spirit of openness to accept new things, varied, and challenging, to accept, give and share opinion and experiences, spirit to learn, spirit of responsibility, ethics, integrity, initiative, pioneering, and solid team work; This spirit was becoming one of the strongest culture of Brantas people, a culture of creativeness, cooperative and confident to achieve the goals successfully. III.CD in Brantas River Basin (BRBDP, 1960s – 1990s) (4/4) d. Incentives schemes Having an authority to determine our wages and salaries system, we paid much higher salaries based on a job evaluation and merit system than those of other project offices in the country; Performance based salary (merit system) for better staffs, units and organizational performances. Salary was divided into 3parts: gaji pokok (basic salary): based on the educational background, year of experiences and job scale and be reviewed based on the job performance evaluation); gaji kebolehan (performance salary): based on the performance of the organization, unit and individual for the past period.

17 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia In term of WRM: Vision 2025 (2010): to be one of the best RBO in Asia Pacific by 2025 In term of WRM: Vision 2025 (2010): to be one of the best RBO in Asia Pacific by 2025 III.CD in Brantas River Basin (PJT1, 1990s – now) (1/6) 1.Dynamic Challenges and Long term perspectives: We have to gain government trust and costumer satisfaction to sustain our organization life. We need to change our culture from bureaucrat to entrepreneur, from being spending money to looking money for implementing the tasks and responsibilities and … to pay our salaries ; We have to be competent and accountable RBO supported by professional and dedicated staffs and solid team works; We formulate our vision to build internal driven and ownership of CD program to do better the missions and move forward to realize our visions. In term of corporation: Vision 2020 (1993): to be national wide WR Corporation by 2020. In term of corporation: Vision 2020 (1993): to be national wide WR Corporation by 2020.

18 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia III.CD in Brantas River Basin (PJT1, 1990s – now) (2/6) 2.Appropriate Strategies: The knowledge-driven RBO: is a learning organization; has a knowledge-based corporate culture; and Invest knowledge in business processes and service delivery. The knowledge-driven RBO: is a learning organization; has a knowledge-based corporate culture; and Invest knowledge in business processes and service delivery. a.Knowledge Driven Organization b.Dynamic Teams PJT I's motto: Berpadu Daya, Bersatu Karsa, Gapai Cita Bersama (Unity of our forces and strong eagerness to achieve our goals) PJT I's motto: Berpadu Daya, Bersatu Karsa, Gapai Cita Bersama (Unity of our forces and strong eagerness to achieve our goals) c.Conducive Working Conditions clear and documented policies; a code of conduct; open management; and Performance based salary and other appropriate incentives schemes. clear and documented policies; a code of conduct; open management; and Performance based salary and other appropriate incentives schemes. Transformational Leaders: capacity to institutionalize changes over time; use innovation and creativity to solve problems; facilitate adequate policies and resources for better implementation. Transformational Leaders: capacity to institutionalize changes over time; use innovation and creativity to solve problems; facilitate adequate policies and resources for better implementation.

19 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia III.CD in Brantas River Basin (PJT1, 1990s – now) (3/6) PJT I introduced ISO-9001 based QMS (1997) for continues improvement on WR and corporate management to gain government trust and stakeholders satisfaction. The benefits are: operational of the company not affected by change of employed workforce; stakeholders complaints are better handled and anticipated; main tasks are undertaken more efficient and effectively; better relationship between stakeholders and beneficiaries, and easier to implement Good Corporate Governance (GCG) principles. Identity by Quality a.Quality Management System (QMS) b.Networking and knowledge sharing Networks of professional associations is an effective tools for CD to strengthen the capacity and effectiveness in promoting IWRM and improving water governance, through exchange of information and experiences with the Networks members; PJT I is a member of NARBO, INBO, ICID, ICOLD, HATHI, INACOLD, MHI etc. PJT1 is one of NARBO Constitutional Bodies and support CRBOM – Center of RBO & Management. 3. Appropriate Method:

20 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia III.CD in Brantas River Basin (PJT1, 1990s – now) (4/6) c.Focus Group Discussions Periodical knowledge sharing to share opinions on a specific issues (after attending knowledge events, we have to share and recommend on what lesson learn could be adopted or what kind of initiatives to be developed and implemented); To discuss specifics issues deeply, PJT I form Focus Group of Discussions (FGD). A series of FGDs meeting have been held to improve manuals, SOPs, applied technologies etc; In Management Review Meeting (every week, every unit), we discuss the progress and problems of the activities. We formulate corrective actions to eliminate recurrent problems and implement the solutions acceptable to stakeholders. 4.Driving factors: a.Political Commitment and Challenges GoI support continuously the successful of PJT1 as a pilot on corporatization of WRM; The GR No. 5/1990 of PJT1 was reviewed and replaced to suit the emerging issues: GR No. 93/1999: to strengthen organization and permit the extension to other basins; GR No. 46/2010: to suit the implementation of Law No 7/2004 on WR and to support development of businesses on drinking water supply and electric power generation.

21 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia III.CD in Brantas River Basin (PJT1, 1990s – now) (5/6) MPW keynote address, NARBO Leadership Retreat, attended by 30 water leader in Asia, June 2011, Malang, Indonesia Indonesia may share its experience in dealing with the two-types of river basin organization, public typed and corporate typed RBO. We are embarking on a process to move the public type of RBO into quasi-corporate RBO. If in the future, the financial aspect of the quasi-corporate RBO improves, they will be transformed into corporate-type of RBO. b.Leadership CD is a continuous process of transformative changes (individuals and organizations); Generating change requires transformational leaders who has ability to: develop a new charismatic and great vision described in specific terms and focus areas; gather support from individuals and teams and inspire the staff by empathetic communication; promote ownership, motivation and confidence: we can do it, we can solve it, we can achieve it; generate new challenges to promote innovative measures for better performances guide the organization through a transformative phase. (President Director PJT1 in panel discusion, NARBO Leadership Retreat, June 2001, Malang, Indonesia) If you like to bring your organization to a better position, you should try to have new challenges. I always give my staff new challenges. It requires changes of mind set, and I have to change myself. (President Director PJT1 in panel discusion, NARBO Leadership Retreat, June 2001, Malang, Indonesia) If you like to bring your organization to a better position, you should try to have new challenges. I always give my staff new challenges. It requires changes of mind set, and I have to change myself.

22 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia c.Inclusion Brantas Spirit in Corporate Culture The appropriate organization behaviors that support the organization challenges had to be explored, developed and embedded in the Corporate Culture; We have embodied the notion of the Brantas Spirit in the corporate culture: Pintu Air (Water Gate). III.CD in Brantas River Basin (PJT1, 1990s – now) (6/6) The PINTU AIR (water gate) P-Professionalism I - Innovation N - Neutrality T - Tanggap (responsiveness) U - Uswah/Keteladanan (to be referred to) A - Adil (fair and equitable services) I - Ikhlas (sincerity, honesty) R - Rasa memiliki (ownership) The PINTU AIR (water gate) P-Professionalism I - Innovation N - Neutrality T - Tanggap (responsiveness) U - Uswah/Keteladanan (to be referred to) A - Adil (fair and equitable services) I - Ikhlas (sincerity, honesty) R - Rasa memiliki (ownership) d.Incentives schemes Appropriate incentive schemes to promote CD initiatives for better performances; to promote applied technologies in WRM; to get more revenue (new business diversification, reservoir operation optimization, better handling of NCP and customers complaint etc.); to increase cost efficiency (improve management control and workmanship etc).

23 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia IV.Conclusions (1/2) 1.Achievements to do their roles & functions, tasks & responsibilities depend on ability the organization to develop & manage their CD; 2.CD programs more successful & sustainable if as responds to internal initiative, driven by organization challenges; 3.Creating internal and external enabling environment conditions are essential to support successful of CD programs; 4.The force account system & sequential contracting system played importance role in producing qualified & well-trained engineers, planners, and technicians; 5.3 (three) key success areas adopted by PJT1: becoming knowledge driven organization; having dynamic team; and maintaining the conducive working environment conditions supported by strong leadership & corporate culture;

24 Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia IV.Conclusions (2/2) 6.The key success factors on the CD of the RBOs includes: political support from the Government; appropriate strategies and method; leadership; demand driven and dynamic challenges; appropriate incentive schemes; and organizational culture and the spirit of the people within.

25 Contact details: Tjoek Walujo Subijanto Senior Advisor on Water Resources and Corporate Management Jasa Tirta I Public Corporation The Brantas and Bengawan Solo River Basins Management Agency tjoekws@gmail.comtjoekws@gmail.com or tjoekwalujo@jasatirta1.nettjoekwalujo@jasatirta1.net Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Thank you for your attention.


Download ppt "Key Success Factors on Capacity Development in RBO: Case of Brantas River Basin, East Java, Indonesia Session: Assesment of Capacity Development Progress."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google