Presentation on theme: "A PRESENTATION BY SUVENDU SEKHAR MAHATO 117 th Birth Anniversary of NETAJI SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE."— Presentation transcript:
A PRESENTATION BY SUVENDU SEKHAR MAHATO 117 th Birth Anniversary of NETAJI SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE
Freedom is not given, it is taken No real change in history has ever been achieved by discussions. Give me blood and I shall give you freedom!
To INA soldiers, September 22, 1944 …..Our motherland is seeking liberty. She can no more live without liberty. But liberty demands sacrifice at its altar. Liberty demands the unstinted sacrifice of your strength, your wealth, all that you value, and all that you possess. Like the revolutionaries of the past, you must sacrifice your ease, your comfort, your pleasures, your cash, and your property. You have given your sons as soldiers for the battlefields. But the Goddess of Liberty is not yet appeased. I shall tell you the secret of pleasing her. Today she demands not merely fighters, soldiers, for the Fauj. Today she demands rebels- men rebels and women rebels- who will be prepared to join Suicide Squads- for whom death is a certainty - rebels who will be ready to drown the enemy in the streams of blood that shall flow from their own body. Tum Mujh Ko Knoon Dho Mai Tumko Azadi Doonga You give me your blood, I shall get you freedom- this is the demand of Liberty. Listen to me. I do not want your emotional approval. I want rebels to step forward and sign this Suicide Squad oath- this document, which is an appointment with death in ordinary ink. You shall have to write with your own blood. Step up those who dare, I am here to witness your blood-seal for the liberty of our motherland.
At a rally of Indians in Burma, July 4, 1944 ……Gird up your loins for the task that now lies ahead. I had asked you for men, money and materials. I have got them in generous measure. Now I demand more of you. Men, money and materials cannot by themselves bring victory or freedom. We must have the motive-power that will inspire us to brave deeds and heroic exploits. It will be a fatal mistake for you to wish to live and see India free simply because victory is now within reach. No one here should have the desire to live to enjoy freedom. A long fight is still in front of us. We should have but one desire today- the desire to die so that India may live- the desire to face a martyr's death, so that the path to freedom may be paved with the martyr's blood. Friend's! my comrades in the War of Liberation! Today I demand of you one thing, above all. I demand of you blood. It is blood alone that can avenge the blood that the enemy has spilt. It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I promise you freedom.
At the military review of the INA, July 5, 1943 Soldiers of India 's Army of Liberation! Today is the proudest day of my life. Today it has pleased Providence to give me the unique privilege, and honor, of announcing to the whole world that India 's Army of Liberation has come into being. This army has now been drawn up in military formation on the battlefield of Singapore - which was once the bulwark of the British Empire. This is not only the army that will emancipate India from the British yoke; it is also the army that will hereafter create the future national army of free India. Every Indian must feel proud that this army - his own army- has been organized entirely under Indian leadership and that when the historic moment arrives, under Indian leadership it will go to battle. There are people who thought, at one time, that the empire on which the sun did not set was an everlasting empire. No such thought ever troubled me. History had taught me that every empire has its inevitable decline and collapse. Moreover I had seen, with my own eyes, cities and fortresses that were once the bulwark but which became the graveyards of bygone empires. Standing today on the graveyard of the British Empire, even a child is convinced that the almighty British Empire is already thing of the past… Comrades! Soldiers! Let your battle cry be To Delhi, To Delhi ! How many of us will individually survive this war of freedom, I do not know. But I do know this that we shall ultimately win and our task will not end until our surviving heroes hold the victory parade on another graveyard of the British Empire- the Lal Quila or Red Fortress of ancient Delhi.
Letter from Rangoon, August 1, 1943 Friends! Countrymen! Today I have the unique privilege of sending you my heartiest greetings from the soil of independent Burma. Let the example of liberated Burma inspire us all to commence our last attack on British imperialism. The Indian National Army- the Azad Hind Fauj- is ready to commence the last onslaught. Even our sisters in East Asia are now drilling with rifles and bayonets. We shall soon be coming to you. We shall soon be setting up the 'second front, which will help you to pull down the British Raj, once and for all. The day of your liberation is not far off. Meanwhile, complete all your preparations and wait for the 'zero hour', when we shall appear on the Indian frontier. Then, rise as one man and kick out the accused British from our Holy Land. And get our countrymen in the British army of occupation to join you and us in the sacred struggle for India 's freedom, when the signal is given. Behold the dawn of India 's liberty!
To The Indian National Army, Europe, June 1942 Brave Soldiers! Today you have taken an oath that you will fight the enemy till the last breath of your life, under the national tricolor. From today, you are the soldiers of the Indian National Army of Free India. You have volunteered to shoulder the responsibility of 40 crore Indians. From today, your mind, might and money belong to the Indian nation. You will have the honor to be pioneer soldiers of Azad Hind Fauj. Your names will be written in golden letters in the history of free India. Every soldier who is martyred in this holy war will have a monument in free India. The coming generations will shower flowers on those monuments. You are very fortunate that you have got this valuable opportunity to serve your motherland. Although we are performing this ceremony in a foreign land, our minds and hearts are in our country. You should remember that your military and political responsibilities are increasing day by day and you must be ready to shoulder them competently. The drum of Indian Independence has been sounded. We have to prepare for the battle ahead. We should prepare ourselves as early as possible so that we can perform the duties we have shouldered. I assure you that the time is not far off when you will have to put to use the military skill, which you possess. Today we are taking the vow of independence under the National Flag. A time will come when you will salute this flag at the Red Fort. But remember that you will have to pay the price of freedom. Freedom can never be had by begging. It has to be got by force. Its price is blood. We will not beg freedom from any foreign country. We shall achieve freedom by paying its price. It does not matter how much price we have to pay for it. I assure you that I shall lead the Army when we march to India together. The news of the ceremony that we are performing here has reached India. It will encourage the patriots at home, who are fighting empty-handed against the British. Throughout my life it was my ambition to equip an army that will capture freedom from the enemy. Today, I congratulate you because the honor of such an army belongs to you... May God be with you and give you strength to fulfill the pledge which you have taken voluntarily today.
Statement to the Japanese Government, November 8, 1943 For Indians the return of the Andamans represents the first territory to be liberated from the British yoke. By the acquisition of this territory, the Provisional Government has now become a national entity in fact as well as in name. The liberation of the Andamans has symbolic significance………… the Andamans, where our patriots suffered, is the first to be liberated in India 's fight for independence. Part by part, Indian territory will be liberated, but it is always the first plot of land that holds the most significance...We have renamed the Andamans as 'SHAHEED', in memory of the martyrs; and the Nicobars as 'SWARAJ'.
On free India Radio, Saigon, February 17, 1944 ---------Men of the Indian Army! You are all my brothers. You must realise that Burma is free and that the flag of free Burma flies over the former residence of the British Governor. …The other British divisions did not come to their help, but fled like cowards. Their only hope of salvation lies in surrender. If they continue to fight for the British, they will have to be wiped out. The Indian National Army has launched the final struggle for freedom. It will not rest until it has completely driven the British out of India. It will succeed in its mission, for it only has the support of the three million Indians in East Asia, but of nine major world powers also. The British look to the Africans, Australians, Canadians and Chinese to help them. There is every justification for our looking to Japan for assistance in our fight against British imperialism. The Indian National Army has begun its march to Delhi ……….
It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood. The freedom that we shall win through our sacrifice and exertions, we shall be able to preserve with our own strength.